Sidney, Nebraska

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Sidney, Nebraska
City
Looking South in Sidney's historic downtown
Looking South in Sidney's historic downtown
Location of Sidney, Nebraska
Location of Sidney, Nebraska
Coordinates: 41°8′22″N 102°58′42″W / 41.13944°N 102.97833°W / 41.13944; -102.97833Coordinates: 41°8′22″N 102°58′42″W / 41.13944°N 102.97833°W / 41.13944; -102.97833
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Cheyenne
Area[1]
 • Total 6.93 sq mi (17.95 km2)
 • Land 6.93 sq mi (17.95 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 4,088 ft (1,246 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 6,757
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 6,808
 • Density 975.0/sq mi (376.4/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 69160, 69162
Area code(s) 308
FIPS code 31-45295
GNIS feature ID 0833422[4]
Website cityofsidney.org

Sidney is a city and county seat of Cheyenne County, Nebraska, United States.[5] The population was 6,757 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The city was named for Sidney Dillon, a railroad attorney.[6] It was founded in 1867 by the Union Pacific and grew up around the military base of Fort Sidney (also known as Sidney Barracks), where soldiers were stationed to guard the transcontinental railroad from potential Indian attacks.

The town became the southern terminus of the Sidney Black Hills Stage Road which used Clarke's Bridge (near Bridgeport, Nebraska) to allow military and civilian traffic to reach Fort Robinson, Red Cloud Agency, Spotted Tail Agency, Custer, South Dakota, and Deadwood, South Dakota in the late 1870s and 1880s.

Sidney is home to one of the Old West's Boot Hill cemeteries; many of those interred there were soldiers from the fort.[7]

Geography[edit]

Sidney is located at 41°8′22″N 102°58′42″W / 41.13944°N 102.97833°W / 41.13944; -102.97833 (41.139428, -102.978323)[8]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.93 square miles (17.95 km2), all of it land.[1]

Sidney is toward the western edge of the midwestern wheat-growing region. West of the city, the land is increasingly used for cattle ranching. Sidney is located along Lodgepole Creek, which is along present-day Interstate 80.

The city is presently located at the junction of US 385 with I-80, and its location approximately halfway between Cheyenne, Wyoming and North Platte, Nebraska has encouraged the growth of the city as a major transportation service area on the Interstate Highway. Because the I-80/US 385 interchange is located several miles southeast of the town center, a new commercial area has developed, including truck stops, convenience stores, the Cabela's world headquarters, shopping centers, motels, restaurants, and other commercial enterprises. In recent years, the city has seen further growth with the construction of wind farms in this portion of the Nebraska Panhandle and adjacent areas of Colorado, including Peetz, Colorado.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,001
1910 1,185 18.4%
1920 2,852 140.7%
1930 3,306 15.9%
1940 3,388 2.5%
1950 4,912 45.0%
1960 8,004 62.9%
1970 6,403 −20.0%
1980 6,010 −6.1%
1990 5,959 −0.8%
2000 6,282 5.4%
2010 6,757 7.6%
Est. 2012 6,808 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 Estimate[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 6,757 people, 2,893 households, and 1,764 families residing in the city. The population density was 975.0 inhabitants per square mile (376.4 /km2). There were 3,184 housing units at an average density of 459.5 per square mile (177.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.3% White, 0.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.4% of the population.

There were 2,893 households of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.0% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.4% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 15.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,282 people, 2,621 households, and 1,672 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,018.5 people per square mile (393.1/km²). There were 2,890 housing units at an average density of 468.5 per square mile (180.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.22% White, 0.18% African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.07% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.91% of the population.

There were 2,621 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $33,935, and the median income for a family was $41,050. Males had a median income of $30,286 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,158. About 7.0% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sidney, Nebraska (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39.3
(4.1)
42.5
(5.8)
50.5
(10.3)
58.8
(14.9)
68.6
(20.3)
79.4
(26.3)
87.7
(30.9)
85.5
(29.7)
76.2
(24.6)
62.5
(16.9)
49.0
(9.4)
39.4
(4.1)
61.6
(16.4)
Average low °F (°C) 13.8
(−10.1)
16.2
(−8.8)
23.1
(−4.9)
30.6
(−0.8)
41.1
(5.1)
50.5
(10.3)
57.0
(13.9)
55.3
(12.9)
45.3
(7.4)
32.9
(0.5)
22.2
(−5.4)
14.0
(−10)
33.5
(0.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.24
(6.1)
0.36
(9.1)
0.95
(24.1)
1.62
(41.1)
2.73
(69.3)
3.23
(82)
2.28
(57.9)
2.16
(54.9)
1.46
(37.1)
1.03
(26.2)
0.50
(12.7)
0.29
(7.4)
16.84
(427.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.4
(8.6)
3.8
(9.7)
3.8
(9.7)
2.1
(5.3)
0.2
(0.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
1.4
(3.6)
2.6
(6.6)
3.6
(9.1)
21.0
(53.3)
Source: NOAA[11]

Points of interest[edit]

The Brandin' Iron Bar and Dude's Steakhouse on U.S. Route 30 in Sidney.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]