Sidney B. Sperry
Sidney Branton Sperry (December 26, 1895 – September 4, 1977) was one of three scholars who were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who began the scholarly and systematic study of the Book of Mormon in the mid-20th century — the other two being John L. Sorenson and Hugh W. Nibley. Sperry was also a leading Latter-day Saint scholar of the Bible.
In 1917, Sperry graduated from the University of Utah with a B.S. in Chemistry. For the next two years he worked for the United States Bureau of Metallurgical Research. Sperry then served as a Mormon missionary in the Southern States Mission of the LDS Church from 1919 to 1921. He was for much of this time president of the South Carolina District of the church. In September 1921, Sperry married Eva Lila Braithwaite. They eventually had eight children.
After returning from his mission, Sperry began work as a seminary and institute instructor for the Church Educational System of the LDS Church. He received an MA from the University of Chicago Divinity School in 1926 and a Ph.D. from that university's Oriental Language and Literatures Department in 1931. He then did a year of post-doctoral research in archaeology at the American School of Oriental Research.
Among his books were Our Book of Mormon (1947), The Book of Mormon Testified (1952) and Book of Mormon Compendium (1968). In 1960, Sperry's Doctrine and Covenants Compendium was published. He also wrote "Problems of the Book of Mormon" in 1964, which was later published again as "Answers to Book of Mormon Questions" in 1967 with some additions.
He is credited in Mormon circles for giving the passages in 2 Nephi chapter 4 the popular name "The Psalm of Nephi" in his book Our Book of Mormon.
In the early 1970s the family of Sidney B. Sperry established a research fund in his honor to promote original research of general interest, and a conference now called the Sidney B. Sperry Symposium has been held annually at BYU since 1973. In 1975 it featured not only a member of the Religious Instruction faculty but also a professor from another department on campus as well as a scholar from the Church Educational System, beyond BYU. This was the beginning of a greater “outreach to the entire religious education community.”. A book with the proceedings is published annually by the Religious Studies Center in cooperation with Deseret Book.
- Arnold K. Garr; Donald Q. Cannon; Richard O. Cowan, ed. (2000). "Sperry, Sidney B.". Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History. Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book.
- Reynolds, Noel. Book of Mormon Authorship Revisited. (Provo, Utah: FARMS, 1991).
- Robinson, Stephen E. "Bible Scholarship" in Ludlow, Daneil H., ed., Encyclopedia of Mormonism. (New York: MacMillan, 1992) p. 113
- Journal of Book of Mormon Studies Vol. 4, no. 1, p. x
- Encyclopedia of Mormonism, p. 424
- "In his 1947 monograph Our Book of Mormon, Sidney Sperry christened this passage "The Psalm of Nephi," and it has carried that epithet ever since." -- Nickerson, Matthew, Nephi's Psalm: 2 Nephi 4:16-35 in the Light of Form-Critical Analysis, Matthew Nickerson, Provo, Utah: Maxwell Institute, 1997. Pp. 26–42.
- Jeffrey R. Holland, interview by Richard O. Cowan, May 7, 1976, in Richard O. Cowan, "Teaching the Word: Religious Education at Brigham Young University (Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2008).