Sidney Colvin

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Sir Sidney Colvin, c.1922

Sir Sidney Colvin (18 June 1845 – 11 May 1927) was an English curator and literary and art critic, part of the illustrious Anglo-Indian Colvin family. He is primarily remembered for his friendship with Robert Louis Stevenson.

Family and early life[edit]

He was born on 18 June 1845 in West Norwood, in what is now London, at St. John's Lodge on Knight's Hill, a nine bedroom, twenty-one acre estate, to Bazett David Colvin, an East India merchant, and Mary Steuart, daughter of William Butterworth Bayley. Both sides of his family were connected to British India, his father as a partner in the trading company of Crawford, Colvin, and Co., with offices in Calcutta and London. (This connected the family with Robert Wigram Crawford, the Whig politician.) His uncle John Russell Colvin, lieutenant-governor of the North-West Provinces during the mutiny of 1857, gave him ten cousins, including the lawyer Walter Mytton and Auckland, also lieutenant-governor of the North-West Provinces (and Oudh).

Colvin's childhood was spent at The Grove, Little Bealings, Suffolk,[1] as Bazett David inherited the estate in 1847 from his father James. The house and estate had literary and artistic connections: James had purchased it in 1824 from Perry Nursey,[2] the landscape painter and teacher of Thomas Churchyard; Nursey had often entertained David Wilkie RA at Little Bealings, and was friends with Edward Fitzgerald, translator of The Rubayat of Omar Khayyam.[3]

Education and career[edit]

A scholar of Trinity College, Cambridge, Colvin became a fellow of his college in 1868.[4] In 1873 he was Slade Professor of Fine Art, and was appointed in the next year to the directorship of the Fitzwilliam Museum.

In 1884 he moved to London on his appointment as keeper of prints and drawings in the British Museum. His chief publications are lives of Walter Savage Landor (1881) and Keats (1887), in the English Men of Letters series; editions of the letters of Keats (1887); A Florentine Picture-Chronicle (1898), and Early History of Engraving in England (1905).

In the field both of art and of literature, Colvin's fine taste, wide knowledge and high ideals made his authority and influence extend far beyond his published work.

Colvin was knighted in 1911. The citation reads[5]

Sidney Colvin, Esq., D.Litt
Keeper of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum since 1884 and member of many learned bodies. Slade Professor of Fine Art at Cambridge from 1873 to 1895, author of several publications on literature and the fine arts and contributor to the "Encyclopædia Britannica" and "Dictionary of National Biography" &c. Born in 1845.

Marriage and death[edit]

His wife Frances Colvin (1839–1924) predeceased him in August 1924. The couple had married on 7 July 1903, and were the subject of a 1928 biography by E. V. Lucas.

Friendship with Robert Louis Stevenson[edit]

In late summer 1873, Colvin became friends with Robert Louis Stevenson, then a young man and an unpublished author. Colvin was already acquainted with Fanny (Frances Jane) Sitwell, a woman of thirty-four, with a young son, separated from her husband. Both men were attracted to her, and although Stevenson wrote to her for years, Colvin eventually married her in 1901.[6] Colvin became Stevenson's literary adviser, and after his death was the first editor of his letters. Soon after their first meeting he had placed Stevenson's first paid contribution, an essay, "Roads", in The Portfolio.[7] Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes was dedicated to him.

He was also a significant editor of Stevenson's, preparing the Edinburgh edition of his works (1894–97); the Vailima Letters (1899), which Stevenson chiefly addressed to him; and the collected Letters (2 volumes, London, 1900). These publications made Colvin an authority on Stevenson's life and work. He also wrote the sketch of Stevenson for theDictionary of National Biography (vol. liv.), and was to have written an authoritative Life, intended for publication simultaneously with the Letters, but was obliged to relinquish the task to Graham Balfour.[8]


  1. ^ The Times obituary on Wikisource.
  2. ^ Little Bealings Village history
  3. ^ Miles, Hamish (2004). "Nursey, Perry (bap. 1771, d. 1840)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/58314.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ "Colvin, Sidney (CLVN862S)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  5. ^ "New Year's Honours". The Times (39471) (London). 2 January 1911. p. 10; col B. Knights. His Majesty has been further pleased to confer the honour of Knighthood upon: 
  6. ^ Furnas (1952); Mehew (2004).
  7. ^ Furnas (1952), 84-5.
  8. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "Colvin, Sidney". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 



Further reading[edit]

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