|Born||Simcha Myer Baevski
February 8, 1878
Krychaw, Russian Empire (now Belarus)
|Died||September 5, 1934(aged 56)|
Sidney Baevski Myer (born Simcha Myer Baevski (Russian: Симха Майер Баевский); 8 February 1878 – 5 September 1934) was a Jewish-Australian businessman, best known for creating Myer, Australia's largest chain of department stores.
Myer was born in Krychaw (Krichev), Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (within the Pale of Settlement) now Belarus, the youngest of eleven children born to Ezekiel Baevski, Hebrew scholar, and his wife, Koona Dubrusha, née Shur.
He was educated at the Jewish Elementary School in Krichev, and later managed his mother's drapery business.
Sidney and Elcon Myer both worked in Slutzkin's underclothing business in Flinders Lane, Melbourne; later they established a small drapery shop in Bendigo. This not proving very successful, Sidney Myer took his goods, stockings, laces, etc., from door to door, and, in spite of knowing little English, sold his wares. He then bought a cart and travelled through country towns. The business was later moved to Pall Mall, Bendigo, where it prospered, other shops were added, and later the Bendigo business of Craig Williamson and Thomas was bought.
In 1911 Myer purchased the business of Wright and Neil, Drapers, in Bourke Street, near the General Post Office, and a new building was completed and opened in 1914. The Doveton woollen mills at Ballarat were purchased in 1918, and in 1921 a new building fronting on Post Office Place, was added at Melbourne. These became the Myer chain of department stores.
The Myer Emporium grew with the purchase of the old established businesses of Robertson & Moffat and Stephens & Sons. In 1925, Myer Ltd was listed on the Melbourne Stock Exchange and the new building on the Lonsdale Street frontage was begun. A separate building in Queensberry Street, Melbourne, was put up in 1928, and the Collins Street businesses of T. Webb and Sons, china importers, and W. H. Rocke and Company, house furnishers, were bought and transferred to the Bourke-street building. A public company had in the meantime been formed which by 1934 had a paid-up capital of nearly £2,500,000. A controlling interest in Marshall's Limited of Adelaide was also acquired. The company was then employing 5300 people with medical and nursing aid for the staff, and rest homes for them at the seaside and in the Dandenong Ranges.
Some of Myer's friends and business associates feared that the business was developing too fast, but the company was in a prosperous state and fast recovering from the effects of the depression, when Myer died suddenly on 5 September 1934, at age 56.
Myer was married twice. On 8 March 1905, he married Hannah Nance Flegeltaub (1868-1963), a cousin of Travers Vale. They had no children, but in 1911 he acted as guardian of his nephew, Norman Myer, son of another of his brothers. In mid-1919, Sidney Myer went to the United States to study retailing. While there he divorced Hannah in Reno, Nevada, even though the divorce was not recognised under Australian law.
In 1920, he also converted to Christianity, and on 8 January 1920, he married Margery Merlyn Baillieu (later Dame Merlyn), on her 20th birthday. They had two daughters and two sons: Ken AC (1 March 1921 - 30 July 1992), Neilma (born 7 November 1922), Baillieu AC (born 11 January 1926), and Marigold Merlyn Baillieu Myer (Lady Southey AC) (born 2 May 1928). Merlyn Myer travelled to San Francisco for the birth of each of their four children to ensure they would be considered legitimate. The Myers returned to Australia in 1929.
Ken Myer was also a philanthropist, a prime mover behind the Victorian Arts Centre; chairman of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation; and was offered and declined the governor-generalship of Australia. He and his brother Baillieu set up the Myer Foundation in 1959.
Sidney Myer's gravesite, a sepulchre for the reception of urns of ashes, is in Box Hill Public Cemetery in Melbourne. Also interred in the tomb are Dame Merlyn Myer, and Ken Myer and his wife, Yasuko, who perished together in a light aircraft crash in Alaska in 1992. The grave is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.
During the Depression of the 1930s, Myer felt a responsibility to contribute something to the community that had assisted him in achieving business success and a personal fortune. Rather than terminate employment of workers in his Department Store, all staff, including himself, had their wages cut. Relief work was personally financed by a £22,000 sum, to provide employment opportunities. For the unemployed at Christmas, he financed a Christmas dinner for 10,000 people at the Royal Exhibition Building, including a gift for every child.
Myer's will was proved at £922,000. His funeral was attended by some 100,000 people. One-tenth of his estate went to establish the Sidney Myer Charitable Trust, now known as the Sidney Myer Fund, to continue the tradition of philanthropy begun by its founder.
- Anthea Hyslop, 'Myer, Simcha Baevski (Sidney) (1878 - 1934)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 10, MUP, 1986, pp. 657-60. Retrieved 2012-03-04
- Media Monitors: Ken Myer's lasting legacy of power and philanthropy
- "Wedding Will Unite Well-Known Aust. Families.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 15 December 1955. p. 29. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
- "Box Hill Cemetery Columbarium and Myer memorial, Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) Number H2045, Heritage Overlay HO58". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria.
- Serle, Percival (1949). "Myer, Sidney". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
- THE PATRIARCH'S WILL - THE MYER FAMILY - PART 3