aptosid 2012-01 Thanatos "Θάνατος" KDE-full
|Company / developer||aptosid-team around Stefan Lippers-Hollmann (slh)|
|Working state||Active (Replaces sidux)|
|Source model||Free and open-source|
|Initial release||24 November 2006|
|Latest stable release||(Rolling release) / Installation CD aptosid 2013-01 Ἑσπερίδες |
|Update method||APT (front-ends available)|
|Package manager||dpkg (front-ends available)|
|Supported platforms||x86, amd64|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux)|
|Default user interface||KDE Plasma Desktop or Xfce and Fluxbox available by default|
|License||GNU General Public License and others[which?]|
aptosid is a desktop-oriented operating system based on the "unstable" branch of Debian, which uses the codename Sid. It was known as sidux until September 2010. The distribution consists of a Live CD (bootable CD-ROM) for the x86 architecture installable to a hard drive through a graphical installer. The goal of the distribution is to provide a stable, easy-to-use and cutting-edge free and open source operating system.
Aptosid is based on Debian's most modern branch, sid. It includes a manual and a collection of tools and scripts to make desktop administration easier.
One of aptosid's more notable features, unlike most other Linux distributions, it utilizes a true 'rolling-release-cycle', and thus continues to remain current. Users can update all of the system's packages via the command 'apt-get dist-upgrade'. Through this model, there should not, in theory, ever be a need to overwrite an aptosid system by installing an entirely new version. Other Linux distributions that use the rolling release model include Arch Linux, Sabayon and Linux Mint Debian Edition.
Each release comes as a Live CD or Live DVD, booting to a graphical desktop without installation. On the Live CD a USB installer is provided to create a Live USB system, but the Live USB can be created easily from the Live CD ISO file.
Once aptosid is installed, it can be kept up-to-date with updates from the Debian Sid and aptosid repositories. Updates are typically run from command line using apt-get. Because post and pre install scripts in the Debian packages may restart your display manager during updates and cause conflicts with running userspace applications, it is recommended that users upgrade their system outside of X (i.e. while NOT running the 'GUI'). This is achieved by applying all updates at 'run-level 3'.
Warnings regarding upgrades are posted on the main website and in the Upgrade Warnings section of the forum.
- The IRC channel #aptosid at irc.oftc.net, port 6667 gives fastest response.
- The forum is also a good place for questions and talks, however the reaction time is longer, but it is a good source for searches.
The default language of aptosid releases is English, however German, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Greek, English (GB), French, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese (BR and PT), Romanian, Russian and Spanish localisations (i18n support) are also provided within the DVD, selectable at boot prompt.
Aptosid comes with a selection of programs, covering system rescue and web surfing. To mention a few: KDE / Xfce desktop, OpenOffice.org, iceweasel, amarok, digikam, gparted, gwenview, k3b, kaffeine, koffice, krita, krusader, sane, vdr, virtualbox, wireless-tools, xawtv, yakuake, ...
The complete package list is available for each release in the project download directory, named <release-name>.manifest.
The releases were usually available in 4 CD versions, however since release 2007-04.5 a fully equipped DVD and two light CDs will be offered here. Since 2008-02 also an ~420 MB large Xfce variant is available. DVD Versions at the end of a year contain more programs and preinstalled languages.
|Red||Release no longer supported|
|Green||Release still supported|
|2007-01||chaos "Χάος"||2007-02-22||sidux 2007-01 release|
|2007-02||tartaros "Τάρταρος"||2007-05-28||sidux 2007-02|
|2007-03||gaia "Γαια"||2007-08-14||sidux 2007-03.1 hotfix|
|2007-04||eros "Ερως"||2007-11-21||sidux 2007-04|
|2007-04.5||eros "Ερως" (Christmas-Special)||2007-12-26||sidux 2007-04.5 christmas special (archive.org copy)|
|2007-04.5 DVD||eros "Ερως" (DVD)||2007-12-30||sidux DVD released (archive.org copy)|
|2008-01||nyx "Νυξ"||2008-04-12||sidux 2008-01|
|2008-02||erebos "Ερεβος"||2008-06-25||sidux 2008-02|
|2008-03||ourea "Ωυρεα"||2008-09-22||sidux 2008-03|
|2008-04||pontos "Ποντος"||2008-12-31||sidux 2008-04|
|2009-01||ouranos "Οὐρανος"||2009-02-14||sidux 2009-01|
|2009-02||aether "Άιθηρ"||2009-07-15||sidux 2009-02|
|2009-03||momos "Μώμος"||2009-11-11||sidux 2009-03|
|2009-04||moros "Μόρος"||2009-12-31||sidux 2009-04|
|2010-01||Hypnos "Ύπνος"||2010-06-13||sidux 2010-01|
|2010-02||Keres "Κῆρες"||2010-09-14||aptosid 2010-02|
|2010-03||Apate "Ἀπάτη"||2010-12-26||aptosid 2010-03|
|2011-01||Geras "Γῆρας"||2011-02-06||aptosid 2011-01|
|2011-02||Imera "Ἡμέρα"||2011-07-13||aptosid 2011-02|
|2011-03||Ponos "Πόνος"||2011-12-31||aptosid 2011-03|
|2012-01||Thanatos "Θάνατος"||2012-12-01||aptosid 2012-01|
|2013-01||Hesperides "Ἑσπερίδες"||2013-05-05||aptosid 2013-01|
Like many other Linux distributions, aptosid has spinoffs, mainly versions of different languages. Some to be named here:
- celtux - Irish, Irish/Gaeilge localization
- Deb-on-Air - French localization
- myrinix - Digital Home Edition
- lxde-sid-lite - resources saving graphical system, for use in netbooks, like eeepc
- siduction - Community-oriented fork
The part sid of the distribution name is derived from Debian Sid (named after the Sid Phillips character in Toy Story) and the common use of -x for Unix derivatives. The part apto of the new name aptosid derives from the Latin word apto from aptus which means to fit, to adapt, to adjust or make ready. The names of the releases are taken from the Greek mythology.
The sidux project appeared on 2006-11-24, with the goal of providing a hard disk installable Debian Sid-based Live CD distribution. The first sidux preview appeared on the 2007-01-24 with the finished release appearing on 2007-02-22, codenamed 2007-01 “Χάος"(chaos). In February 2007 sidux was awarded by DistroWatch with the donation of US$350.
The second sidux Live CD was released on the 2007-05-28, codenamed sidux-2007-02 "Τάρταρος"(tartaros). During the linuxtag 2007 (an open source fair in Berlin) a special linuxtag-edition was distributed at the shared booth of KDE e.V. and sidux. On the 2007-05-31 sidux e.V. (foundation) has been officially registered with the German authorities. On 2007-11-15 sidux e.V. was accepted as non-profit organization by German law, retroactively as of 2007-04-01. sidux was maintained by a team of former Kanotix developers including Stefan Lippers-Hollmann (slh). Initial administration was managed by The sidux Foundation, Inc. located in the United States. The Berlin, Germany based non-profit organization sidux e.V. was administering and supporting the project. Due to disagreement between sidux e.V. and the sidux developers, all development of sidux was halted in summer 2010 until September 2010. The project was renamed as aptosid, announced on September 11, 2010. aptosid is a direct upgrade from sidux. At one time, the upgrade between the two was seamless, but the migration utilities are gone, now (at this point it is better to reinstall using the latest ISO).
Aptosid Releases contain only free software as defined by the Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG). To aid proof of compliance, a monolithic tarball containing the source for all packages used in the release is provided alongside the Live CD ISOs. Access to non-free software such as codecs, plugins and wlan firmware can be enabled by configuring contrib and non-free Debian repositories in /etc/apt/sources.list.d
In keeping with the evolutionary nature of the "unstable" Debian branch, aptosid Releases do not provide an upgrade path from previous release versions. Rather, once installed, incremental updates are performed via regular "dist-upgrades". The idea of a "Release" is instead to improve Live CD hardware support, performance, flexibility and reliability, built from the current debian unstable repository.
- "Release Notes: Release of aptosid 2013-01".
- Linton, Susan (2008-10-08). "Sidux grows on you". Linux.com. Archived from the original on 14 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-27. "The developers strive for an easy-to-install and easy-to-use modern Debian derivative"
- "The aptosid Operating System Manual". aptosid.com. Retrieved 2010-11-14.
- Aptosid user manual (2010-05-25). "How to make a Live USB from the Live CD ISO file".
- "aptosid release download page". debian.tu-bs.de. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- "DistroWatch.com: sidux". distrowatch.com. DistroWatch. 2010-04-18. "The sidux distribution is a desktop-oriented operating system and live CD based on the unstable branch of Debian GNU/Linux."
- "celtux - sidux in Irish language".
- "Deb-on-Air french version of sidux".
- "myrinix - Digital Home Edition".
- "distrowatch donation".
- "sidux e.V. accepted as non-profit organisation".
|Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Sidux|
- Interview with Chris Hildebrandt, the sidux project, DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 245, 24 March 2008
- Kanotix seeks stability, sidux follows unstable, Posted December 6, 2006 by ris, Article on lwn.net
- Sidux 2009-02 (KDE) By Jim Lynch (July 16, 2009) desktoplinuxreviews.com
- Sidux grows on you, By Susan Linton, Linux.com (Oct. 8, 2008)
- Sidux, a Great Alternative to Ubuntu, Part 2, LinuxPlanet.com part 2/2 (July 10, 2008)
- Sidux, a Great Alternative to Ubuntu, By Carla Schroder LinuxPlanet.com part 1/2 (July 3, 2008)
- Sidux: A live CD for Debian unstable, By Preston St. Pierre, Linux.com (Mar. 7,2008)
- Sidux 2007-03.1 "Gaia": A closer look, by eco2geek, tuxmachines.org (Aug. 23, 2007)