Siege of Aracillum (25 BC)

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Battle of Vellica
Part of the Cantabrian Wars
Cantabria prerromana.svg

A map of the contemporary Cantabrian territory.
Date 25 BC
Location Aracillum, Cantabria, Hispania
Result Roman victory
Belligerents
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Roman Empire Cantabrian Lábaru Flag.svg Cantabri
Commanders and leaders
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Gaius Antistius Vetus
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Augustus
Cantabrian Lábaru Flag.svg Unknown
Strength
5 legions 15,000-25,000 warriors

The Siege of Aracillum was a siege of the Cantabrian Wars that occurred in 25 BC. The battle took place between the forces of the Roman Empire, which consisted of five Roman legions commanded by Gaius Antistius Vetus and the forces of the Cantabri people, who had fortified the hill fort at Aracillum. The battle resulted in a Roman victory.

Aracillum was subjected to a fierce siege by the Romans, who would eventually take the settlement. The Roman commander, Gaius Antistius Vetus had taken charge of Caesar's legions when Augustus had fallen ill on the campaign (though Caesar did conduct a majority of the battles in this campaign himself).

The hill fort was able to withstand the Roman forces for some time, but the fort was eventually surrounded by three Roman camps. The Romans constructed more than 20 kilometers of walls, battlements and trenches to trap the defenders inside the fort and to prevent any aid or reinforcements from gaining entrance. In the face of starving to death, many of the Cantabri warriors opted instead to commit suicide rather than dying of starvation or being taken prisoner and being turned into slaves.

Traditionally identified as Aradillos (Campoo de Enmedio), there has never been any concrete discovery of the actual location of the battle.

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References[edit]

  • Much of the information on this page was translated from its Spanish equivalent.