Siege of Bidar

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Siege of Bijapur
Part of Mughal-Bijapur War 1657-1686
Date 29 March 1657
Location Bidar
Result Siege by the Mughal Army commanded by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb leads to the defeat and capture of Bidar and was considered a major victory against the Adil Shahi dynasty.
Territorial
changes
The Mughal Empire annexed northern territories ruled by the Adil Shahi dynasty
Belligerents
 Mughal Empire Adil Shahi dynasty
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svgAurangzeb Sidi Marjan
Strength
70,000 Sepoys
100 cannons
18,000 Matchlocks
1000 War elephants
5000 Total
1000 cavalry
4000 infantry
40 Cannons
Casualties and losses
1300 2600

Siege of Bidar, was a twenty-seven days long siege mounted by the Mughal Empire against Adil Shahi dynasty's garrison at Bidar patronized by Mohammed Adil Shah. The garrison was commanded by Sidi Marjan, who refused to surrender or defect.

Background[edit]

The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb initiated a policy of expanding the realms of the Mughal Empire into the Deccan region, but the Adil Shahi dynasty was an obstruction to this expansion.

Although the Adil Shahi dynasty had accepted vassal statud during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, they feared Aurangzeb because he sought to eliminate them. In the year 1657 initiated his campaign to annex the mercantile city of Bidar, which was under the control of the wealthy Adil Shahi leader Mohammed Adil Shah.

Battle[edit]

In the year 1657, the Mughal Army successfully blockaded Bidar and began to discharge Rockets during the siege of Bidar, against Sidi Marjan and his forces consisting of 1000 cavalry and 4000 infantry.[1]

The Mughals forces are known to have flung grenades while scaling the walls. Sidi Marjan himself was mortally wounded after a rocket struck his large gunpowder depot causing a massive explosion eliminating most of the artillery batteries. After twenty-seven day's of hard fighting Bidar was captured by the victorious Mughals.[1]

Aftermath[edit]

The effects of the siege had a melancholic effect upon Mohammed Adil Shah, who died a year later.

The wealthy city of Bidar became a part of the Mughal Empire and was famous for its textile craftsmen who produced fine carpets embroidered with fine pearls, these carpets were even sent to Mecca and Medina as official gifts by Aurangzeb.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Prasad, Ishwari (1974). The Mughal Empire. Chugh Publications.