Siege of Caesarea (614)
During the early stage of Byzantine–Sassanid War of 602–628, Khosrau II formed an alliance with the Jewish population of the Persian Empire and Sassanid armies, strengthened by Jewish militias marched on the Levant.
Following the victory in Antioch, joint Sassanid-Jewish army, commanded by Shahrbaraz, arrived to Palaestina Prima and conquered Caesaria Maritima, the administrative capital of the province. Nehemiah's Jewish troops and the Sassanid Persians, commanded by Shahrbaraz, were joined by Benjamin of Tiberias (according to Jewish sources – a man of immense wealth), who enlisted and armed additional Jewish soldiers from Tiberias, Nazareth and the mountain cities of Galilee and together they marched on Jerusalem. Jerusalem had later fallen to the Persian armies as well.
- Katz, Shmuel. Battleground (1974), p. 97.
- The Persian conquest of Jerusalem in 614 compared with Islamic conquest of 638.