The 1760–1761 Siege of Pondicherry was a conflict in the Third Carnatic War, part of the global Seven Years' War. Lasting from 4 September 1760 to 15 January 1761, British land and naval forces besieged and eventually compelled the French forces defending the French colonial outpost of Pondicherry to surrender. The city was on the verge of starvation when French commander Lally surrendered. Many civilians were killed in fire between the lines when Lally attempted to evict them from the city in order to reduce the population under siege. It was an important step in the British attempt to take over land in the Indian Sub Continent. It was their third victory under Robert Clive.