Siege of Sarai

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Siege of Sarai
Нашествие Едыгея.jpg
Mongols of the Horde laying siege to a city
Date July - August 1420
Location Sarai, Golden Horde
Result Dawlat Berdi seizes Sarai; Olugh Mokhammad is driven north
Belligerents
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg Golden Horde
Commanders and leaders
Dawlat Berdi Golden Horde flag 1339.svgOlugh Mokhammad
Strength
5000 soldiers[1] unknown
Casualties and losses
exact numbers unknown, but very few[2] unknown

The Siege of Sarai (July - August 1420) was a siege of Sarai, the nominal capital of the Golden Horde.

Background[edit]

After the death of Yeremferden both Dawlat Berdi and Olugh Mokhammad sought control of the Golden Horde. Berdi, who was Yeremferden's son, found himself limited to the Crimea. Mokhammad, on the other hand, held Sarai and had recently gained control of the Nogai Horde, raising his status immeasurably. In addition, Mokhammad had defeated Dawlat's soldiers in several small skirmishes. In retaliation, Berdi marched on Sarai in July 1420.[3]

Siege[edit]

Sarai was poorly defended at the time and Mokhammad found himself ill prepared for an attack. In early August he mustered his forces and managed to break the siege long enough to escape. Berdi's forces subsequently occupied the city.

Aftermath[edit]

Mokhammad fled to his Nogai vassals, where he still held power, and Berdi's esteem within the Horde grew. however, this was short lived; only two years later Baraq would defeat both Berdi and Mokhammad and take control of the Horde himself.

References[edit]

  • Martin, Janet. Medieval Russia, 980-1584, Cambridge University Press, 1996.
  1. ^ Paine, Sheila: The Golden Horde: From the Himalaya to the Mediterranean, pg 250. Penguin Books, 1998.
  2. ^ Paine, Sheila: The Golden Horde: From the Himalaya to the Mediterranean, pg 250. Penguin Books, 1998.
  3. ^ Grousset, Rene: The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia, pg. 179 - 180. Rutgers University Press, 1970.