Siege of Trebizond (1461)

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Siege of Trebizond (1461)
Part of the Byzantine–Ottoman Wars
Medieval Trebizond 2.png
Fortification plan of (central) medieval Trebizond (modern Trabzon, Turkey). Current remains in red
Date 15 August 1461
Location Trebizond, Empire of Trebizond
Result Empire of Trebizond incorporated into the Ottoman Empire
 Ottoman Empire Empire of Trebizond
Commanders and leaders
Ottoman Empire Mehmed II
Ottoman Empire Mahmud Pasha Angelovic
David of Trebizond

The Siege of Trebizond was the successful siege of the city of Trebizond, capital of the Empire of Trebizond, by the Ottomans under Sultan Mehmed II. Mehmed led an army comprising 60,000 cavalry and 80,000 infantry from Brusa in June 1461, first neutralized the allies of Trebizond -- he intimidated the Emir of Sinope into surrendering his domain and person, captured an outpost of Uzun Hassan which discouraged the latter from intervening -- then marched on the city. The Sultan's navy had been blocking the port of the city from resupply for a month before emperor David of Trebizond heeded the advice of logothete George Amiroutzes and surrendered the city on 15 August 1461. This also brought an end to the Empire of Trebizond.[1][2]

Cultural references[edit]

  • The book The Spring of the Ram by Dorothy Dunnett, a Scottish historical novelist, is set in Trebizond at the time of its fall.


  1. ^ Donald M. Nicol, The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261-1453, second edition (Cambridge: University Press, 1993), p. 408; Franz Babinger, Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time, translated by Ralph Manheim (Princeton: Bollingen, 1978), pp. 183-197
  2. ^ The date of the fall of the city has been inferred by later historians. See Franz Babinger, "La date de la prise de Trébizonde par les Turcs (1461)", Revue des études byzantines, 7 (1949), pp. 205-207.