25 April 1927|
|Died||6 June 2005
|Known for||compositions dedicated to him|
Siegfried Palm (25 April 1927 – 6 June 2005) was a German cellist who is known worldwide for his interpretations of contemporary music. Many 20th-century composers like Kagel, Ligeti, Xenakis, Penderecki and Zimmermann wrote music for him. He was also Rektor of the Hochschule für Musik Köln and Intendant of the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
Siegfried Palm was born in Barmen (now Wuppertal). At the age of 8 he started to learn playing the cello from his father; later he studied with Enrico Mainardi in master classes in Salzburg and Lucerne.
He played as principal cellist in various orchestras, among others in Lübeck since 1945, in the NDR Symphony Orchestra, Hamburg under Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt since 1947, and the WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne 1962–1968.
Siegfried Palm premiered cello concertos as well as contemporary chamber music. He was a member of the Hamann-Quartett 1951–1962. He played in a duo with the pianist Aloys Kontarsky 1962–1983, and since 1967 he was a member of the piano trio Rostal/Schröter/Palm, replacing Gaspar Cassadó. In 1962 he became teacher of a master class for violoncello at the Hochschule für Musik Köln (then called Staatliche Hochschule für Musik), and from 1972 until 1976 head of this institute.
He started teaching at the Internationale Ferienkurse für Neue Musik in Darmstadt in 1962. From 1976 until 1981 he was Intendant of the Deutsche Oper Berlin. He was president of the International Society for Contemporary Music (ISCM) 1982–1988, and president of the Deutsch-Französischer Kulturrat 1988–2000. He conducted master classes and workshops around the world, as at the Carl-Flesch-Akademie in Baden-Baden, the Banff Centre for the Arts, Canada, at the Royal Conservatory in Stockholm 1966, Dartmouth College 1969, Marlboro College several times between 1970 and 1990, the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki 1971, and in Los Angeles 1983. He also served in the juries of international competitions. Palm appeared as the music teacher Wendell Kretzschmar in the 1982 German film Doktor Faustus.
Siegfried Palm influenced the music of his century considerably, comparable to the cellists Gregor Piatigorsky and Mstislav Rostropovich. He suggested composers to write new works for his instrument, and it is partly due to him that the cello advanced to one of the most important solo instruments in contemporary music.
Music for Siegfried Palm
Siegfried Palm premiered new music, many composers wrote new works for him, some dedicated to him, music for cello and orchestra as well as chamber music and music for cello solo. Music has included:
- Dieter Acker (Marginalien)
- Sven-Erik Bäck (Ricercare p S.P. for cello)
- Boris Blacher (concerto)
- Hans Ulrich Engelmann (mini-music to siegfried palm)
- Morton Feldman (concerto)
- Johannes Fritsch (SUL B)
- Wolfgang Fortner (Zyklus, New-Delhi-Musik)
- Cristóbal Halffter
- York Höller (Pas de Deux)
- Mauricio Kagel (Match for two cellists and one percussionist, Siegfriedp‘)
- Milko Kelemen
- Rolf Liebermann (Essai 81)
- György Ligeti (concerto)
- Tilo Medek (concerto, Schattenspiele)
- Krzysztof Penderecki (Sonata for cello and orchestra, Capriccio per Siegfried Palm)
- Robert H.P. Platz (SCHREYAHN)
- Aribert Reimann (Wolkenloses Christfest)
- Wolfgang Rihm (Monodram, Fremde Szene)
- Giuseppe Sinopoli (Tombeau d’Armor III)
- Dimitri Terzakis (Dialog der Seele mit ihrem Schatten, Duo)
- Graham Waterhouse (Three Pieces for Solo Cello)
- Robert Wittinger
- Iannis Xenakis (Nomos Alpha)
- Isang Yun (Nore, Glissées)
- Winfried Zillig (concerto)
- Bernd Alois Zimmermann (concerto dedicated, Canto di Speranza, sonata for cello solo, Short Studies (4) for Cello solo premiered)
- President of the ESTA (European String Teachers Association)
- President of Internationales Jugendfestspieltreffen Bayreuth
- Member of the lecturer team of the Marlboro Music School and Festival
- Deutscher Schallplattenpreis, 1969 and 1976
- Grand Prix du Disque International, 1972 and 1975
- Chevalier du Violoncelle Indiana University 1998
- Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Verdienstorden des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen (Order of Merit of North Rhine-Westphalia)
- Officer of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
- Chevalier of the Ordre national du Mérite
- Tim Janof (1998). "Conversation with Siegfried Palm". Internet Cello Society. Retrieved 31 August 2009. "Siegfried Palm has had a distinguished and varied performing career. He was Principal Cellist of orchestras in Lubeck, Hamburg, and Cologne, cellist in the Hamann Quartet, and a member of a trio with Max Rostal and Heinz Schroter. He has given masterclasses worldwide and has served as a jury member at numerous international competitions. He has recorded for several companies and has had works dedicated to him by composers such as Krzystof Penderecki, Yannis Xenakis, Boris Blacher, and Gyorgy Ligeti. He was Director of the State Conservatoire in Cologne, Director of the Deutsche Oper in Berlin, President of the German Composers' Society, and President of ESTA. In 1969 and 1976 he was awarded the German Gramophone prize, and in 1972 he was awarded the Grand Prix du Disque International."
- "Le Panthéon des musiciens, obituaires de janvier 2005 à juin 2005" (in French). Retrieved 7 September 2009.
- Gerhard Rohde (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) (8 June 2005). "Das komponierende Cello – Anreger der Avantgarde: Zum Tod von Siegfried Palm" (in German). Retrieved 31 August 2009. "Die Liste der Uraufführungen, die sich mit seinem Namen verbinden, ist unendlich lang, und die Namen der Komponisten lesen sich wie ein Gotha der Neuen Musik: György Ligeti, Winfried Zillig, Boris Blacher, Rolf Liebermann, Morton Feldman, Miko Kelemen, Wolfgang Rihm, York Höller, Dimitri Terzakis, Tilo Medek, Wolfgang Fortner, Giuseppe Sinopoli, Mauricio Kagel, Cristobal Halffter, Isang Yun und Bernd Alois Zimmermann. (translated: The list of premieres connected to his name, is infinite, and the names of composers read like a who's who of contemporary music.) ... Entscheidend für Siegfried Palms Lebensweg wurde nach dem Krieg die lange Mitgliedschaft als Solocellist im Sinfonieorchester des Norddeutschen Rundfunks unter Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt. Der Konzertmeister des NDR-Sinfonieorchesters Bernhard Hamann nahm Palm in sein Streichquartett auf. (translated: The course of life of Siegfried Palm after the war was decided by his long membership in the NDR Symphony Orchestra. The concert master Bernhard Hamann included him in his string quartett."
- Campbell, Margaret (2 July 2005). "Cellist and Opera Director". The Independent. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
- "International Society for Contemporary Music". Retrieved 6 September 2009.
- "Cellist Professor Siegfried Palm erhält das Große Verdienstkreuz mit Stern" (in German). 12 January 2004. Retrieved 1 September 2009. "Professor Palm übte die ehrenamtliche Aufgabe des Präsidenten des Deutsch-Französischen Kulturrats von 1988 in drei Amtsperioden bis Ende 2000 aus. ... Seit 1998 ist er Präsident des Internationalen Jugend-Festspieltreffens Bayreuth, dessen Vorstand er seit 1994 angehört."
- "Doctor Faustus cast". Retrieved 7 September 2009.
- Doktor Faustus at the Internet Movie Database
- "Die Grenzen des Celloklangs überschreiten" (in German). March 2005. Retrieved 10 September 2009. "(Transcending the Limits of Cello Sound)"
- "Intercomunicazione". Retrieved 10 September 2009. "Siegfried Palm is virtually a legend, probably the most adventurous and respected new-music cellist of the 60s, at least in Europe, and the dedicatee and premiere performer of many important pieces of the era, including the cello concertos of B. A. Zimmermann and Ligeti."
- Eva Janzer Memorial Cello Center award
- Michael Schmidt: Capriccio für Siegfried Palm. Ein Gesprächsporträt. ConBrio, Regensburg 2005, ISBN 3-932581-71-7 (German)
- Studien zum Spielen neuer Musik, Edition Breitkopf 8334, Wiesbaden 1985, OCLC 13797038
- Entries to Siegfried Palm in WorldCat
- Literature by and about Siegfried Palm in the German National Library catalogue
- "Das komponierende Cello unter Anleitung des Herrn Palm", obituary by Gerhard Rohde in neue musikzeitung (German) (The composing Cello instructed by Mr. Palm)
- Vollblutrheinländer und Perfektionist