Sierra Blanca, Texas

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Sierra Blanca, Texas
CDP
Sierra Blanca TX.jpg
Hudspeth County SierraBlanca.svg
Coordinates: 31°10′55″N 105°20′27″W / 31.18194°N 105.34083°W / 31.18194; -105.34083Coordinates: 31°10′55″N 105°20′27″W / 31.18194°N 105.34083°W / 31.18194; -105.34083
Country United States
State Texas
County Hudspeth
Area
 • Total 4.1 sq mi (10.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 4,528 ft (1,380 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 553
 • Density 116/sq mi (45/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 79851
Area code(s) 915
FIPS code 48-67772[1]
GNIS feature ID 1368253[2]

Sierra Blanca is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Hudspeth County, Texas, United States.[3] The town is part of the Trans-Pecos region of West Texas. The town is located northeast from the Mexican border and is located within the Mountain Time Zone. As of the 2010 census, the population was 553.[4]

The town was founded in 1881 at the completion point of a long-sought southern transcontinental railway.[5] Sierra Blanca has served as the junction of the Southern Pacific and Missouri Pacific railroads. Hudspeth was formed in 1917 from El Paso. Sierra Blanca was named the county seat, and has the only adobe courthouse[6] in the state of Texas.

The town continues to accommodate travelers along interstate 10 between Van Horn and El Paso which is the main route that connects Texas from west to east. The town was named for the nearby Sierra Blanca Mountains, which was named for the white poppies which grew on it[7][8] (sierra blanca is Spanish for white range).

Geography[edit]

Sierra Blanca (White Mountain)

Sierra Blanca is found in "Far West Texas", a subdivision of West Texas[9] located at 31°10′55″N 105°20′27″W / 31.18194°N 105.34083°W / 31.18194; -105.34083 (31.182009, -105.340843)[10] 4,520 feet above sea level. The city is part of the Trans-Pecos region within the most mountainous and arid portion of Texas. The town is located in Hudspeth County which is large and sparsely populated. Sierra Blanca (White Mountain) at an elevation over 7,000 feet above sea level towers over the town and is the most prominent mountain peak of the surrounding mountainous terrain. According the Environmental Protection Agency, Sierra Blanca has 99% clean air and 100% clean water.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.1 square miles (11 km2), of which 4.1 square miles (11 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.73%) is water. Soil in the surrounding area is mostly non-arable and cannot sustain large scale farming. Due to the high altitude of the city, it has a cooler climate than other areas of the Chihuahuan Desert.

Summer days are hot with cool summer nights. The city occasionally experiences high winds and dust storms. June is regularly the warmest month with he highest recorded temperature in town was 109°F in 1994. During the winter the jet stream will periodically dip far south and bring extremely low temperatures. December is usually the coolest month and the lowest temperature recored was -10°F in 1985.

Normally, the city receives less than one inch annually. During the hurricane season large tropical storms can sometimes bring large amounts of precipitation to the arid mountainous region and can cause flash flooding. The city on average has 293 sunny days and 43 days of precipitation.Rainfall is low; the town and vicinity receive an average of 11.27 inches (286 mm) of rainfall annually.

Climate data for Sierra Blanca, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 58
(14)
63
(17)
69
(21)
78
(26)
87
(31)
94
(34)
92
(33)
90
(32)
87
(31)
78
(26)
67
(19)
58
(14)
76.8
(24.8)
Average low °F (°C) 26
(−3)
29
(−2)
35
(2)
43
(6)
52
(11)
61
(16)
64
(18)
62
(17)
56
(13)
44
(7)
33
(1)
26
(−3)
44.3
(6.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.40
(10.2)
0.68
(17.3)
0.30
(7.6)
0.33
(8.4)
0.52
(13.2)
1.13
(28.7)
2.13
(54.1)
2.15
(54.6)
1.45
(36.8)
1.15
(29.2)
0.41
(10.4)
0
(0)
11.27
(286.3)
Source: [11]

Demographics[edit]

Sierra Blanca Downtown

As of the 2010 census, the population was 553, 172 households, and 126 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 116.0 people per square mile (50.6/km²). There were 227 housing units at an average density of 55.8 per square mile (21.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 83.91% White, 3.44% Native American, 3.25% Black, 1.45% Asian, 7.96% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 72.61% of the population.

There were 172 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.72% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.3 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,464. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,682. About 19.6% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 32.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Sierra Blanca is served by the Sierra Blanca Independent School District; it spends an annual average of $6,343 per student. On average there are 10.9 students per teacher. For the demographic group older than 25 years: 68.6% have a high school degree; 3.2% have a Bachelor’s; 2.6% have a Graduate degree: 2.6%.

Economy[edit]

The cost of living in Sierra Blanca is about one fifth less than the US average. Sierra Blanca has high home ownership rate of 49.5%. The median home is valued at $54,600 with a 1.94 annual percent appreciation. As of December 2013, the unemployment rate was 5.4%.

The outskirts of Sierra Blanca was the location of a sludge dump that received 250 tons of treated sewage each day from New York City. The practice was discontinued in 2001.[12]

Press reports indicated that in 2013, the town supported three restaurants and a motel. There is no grocery store in the community. [13]

Law enforcement[edit]

Hudspeth County Courthouse

In September 2012, singer Fiona Apple was arrested for possession of small amounts of marijuana and hashish, and spent the night in jail there.[14] A few weeks later, a Nelly tour bus was stopped at the same checkpoint, and ten pounds of marijuana were found on the bus along with heroin and a loaded gun. The singer was not arrested, but a member of his entourage was.[15] Previously singers Snoop Dogg and Willie Nelson as well as actor Armie Hammer had all been arrested separately for drug possession in Sierra Blanca.[14] The U.S. Border Patrol checkpoint at Sierra Blanca sends the county thousands of drug cases a year and inspects 15 to 20,000 vehicles every day.[14] The county is unable to prosecute the vast majority of these cases as the federal government no longer funds such activities.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "Sierra Blanca". The Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  6. ^ "Hudspeth Courthouse". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 12 May 2010.  Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
  7. ^ "Sierra Blanca, Texas". TexasEscapes.com. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  8. ^ "Texas Legacy Project: Conservation Archive and Documentary: Transcript: Bill Addington". TexasLegacy.org. 2001-03-28. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  9. ^ Greene, A.C. 1998. Sketches from the five states of Texas. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 176 pp.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Sierra Blanca, TX". The Weather Channel. Retrieved Dec 15, 2013. 
  12. ^ Yardley, Jim (2007-07-27). "New York's Sewage Was a Texas Town's Gold". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-18. 
  13. ^ a b Minor drug busts at border checkpoint breaking Texas county’s budget, by Andrew Becker and G W Shulz, 19 June 2013, Center for Investigative Reporting
  14. ^ a b c "Singer-songwriter Fiona Apple arrested by West Texas Border Patrol for possession of hashish". Washington Post. Associated Press. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  15. ^ "Rapper Nelly: Cops Raid Tour Bus, Heroin Seized". TMZ. TMZ. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-12.