Sierra Leone Liberated African
After the British abolished the slave trade in 1808, the Royal Navy started patrolling along the African coast and high seas, seizing all slave vessels. They transported most liberated Africans to Freetown, but sent some to Liberia, a colony established by the United States; Saint Helena, Guyana in South America, and the British West Indies. Over 40,000 liberated Africans arrived in Freetown between 1808 and about 1855. They were given land, baptised and given Christian first and last names. It took decades for them and the other groups of colonists, such as the Maroons and the Nova Scotian Settlers who were African American in background, to mix with each other and form the distinctive ethnic group known as the Creole people. None were native to Sierra Leone, and they had some conflict with native tribes.
Tension with other groups in Freetown
The Colony-born children of Liberated Africans, the Jamaican Maroons and West Indian immigrants called the liberated Africans "Willyfoss niggers". They and the Creole settlers eventually developed into the Sierra Leone Creole people.
The liberated Africans came from all over West Africa and some Central African countries; of the people who settled in Freetown, however a significant portion of the Recaptives settled in Freetown were Bakongo, Beninese, Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa and Akan.
- A history of the colonization of ... - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- http://www.ehess.fr/centres/ceifr/assr/N117/03.pdf (no longer available)
- "History of Creoles of Freetown", AfricaMedia
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