Sierra Norte de Sevilla

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This article is about the mountain range. For other uses, see Sierra Norte de Sevilla (disambiguation).
Sierra Norte de Sevilla
Sierra Norte
Panoramica constantina.jpg
View of the Sierra Norte rising above Constantina
Highest point
Peak Cerro de La Capitana
Elevation 960 m (3,150 ft)
Dimensions
Length 48 km (30 mi) ENE/WSW
Width 15 km (9.3 mi) NNW/SSE
Geography
Sierra Norte de Sevilla is located in Spain
Sierra Norte de Sevilla
Location in Spain
Location Andalusia
Country Spain
Range coordinates 37°55′00″N 5°40′30″W / 37.9167°N 5.675°W / 37.9167; -5.675Coordinates: 37°55′00″N 5°40′30″W / 37.9167°N 5.675°W / 37.9167; -5.675
Parent range Sierra Morena
Geology
Orogeny Variscan orogeny
Period Paleozoic
Type of rock Granite, schist, slate and quartzite

Sierra Norte de Sevilla or Sierra Norte (Northern Range) is one of the western mountain ranges of the Sierra Morena, Andalusia, Spain. Its name derives from its location at the northern part of Sevilla Province. The highest point of the range is the 960 m high Cerro de La Capitana.

This range gives its name to an administrative comarca in the region, the Sierra Norte Comarca, as well as to the wine of the area, the Vino de la Tierra Sierra Norte de Sevilla.[1]

Description[edit]

The Sierra Norte is not very high and its mountains have generally a rounded shape except for the occasional karstic crags. 962 m high Cerro de La Capitana is the highest point of the range. The Odiel and Murtigas are the main rivers in the area of the range.

The Sierra Norte is properly a massif that includes the subranges of Sierra del Agua, highest point 910 m high Pico Hamapega, the Sierra de La Grana at the edge of the Plains of Guadalcanal, and the Sierra de San Miguel.[2]

The climate is less humid than in the Sierra de Aracena further west. Holm oaks are more common, growing in clarified forests where there are also large clearings, known locally as dehesas. These are characteristic of the Sierra Morena landscape and are traditional pasture zones for cattle and pigs. Also typical are the gallery forests shading the rivers of the range that provide a home to birds such as the Spanish imperial eagle, the cinereous vulture and the black stork.[3]

Cerro del Hierro (iron hillock) is an interesting karstic site within the range which has been declared a natural monument.[4]

Geology[edit]

The geological structure of the Sierra Norte is quite complex. It includes terrain similar to the geology of the Appalachians, together with granitic terrain, tabular sheet intrusions, as well as karstic and pure shear.[5]

Protected areas[edit]

The Sierra Norte de Sevilla Natural Park is a protected area with natural park status located in the Sierra Norte range.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]