Sierra del Rosario

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Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Reserve
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Map showing the location of Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Reserve
Map showing the location of Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Reserve
Location of Sierra del Rosario in Cuba
Location  Cuba
Nearest city La Palma
Coordinates 22°42′36″N 83°33′59″W / 22.71000°N 83.56639°W / 22.71000; -83.56639Coordinates: 22°42′36″N 83°33′59″W / 22.71000°N 83.56639°W / 22.71000; -83.56639
Area 266.86 km2 (103.04 sq mi)[1]
Established February 15, 1984[2]

Sierra del Rosario is a mountain range in the provinces of Pinar del Río and Artemisa, Cuba. It is located in the western part of the Guaniguanico Range, in the north-western part of the province of Pinar del Río and in the eastern part of Artemisa's one; between the municipalities of La Palma, Los Palacios, Consolación del Sur, Bahía Honda, Candelaria and San Cristóbal.

Overview[edit]

It was established as a Biosphere Reserve and an IUCN Managed Resource Protected Area on February 15, 1984, being the first one in Cuba to be classifid as such.[2] It protects a total area of 266.86 km2 (103.04 sq mi),[1] of tropical forests with evergreen and semi-deciduous environments.

Conservation[edit]

Over 800 species of plants are hosted in the mesic forest that covers the mountains, with 35% being endemic.[2] Fauna includes five species of bats, numerous birds (notably the Bee hummingbird), as well as the Yellow-Striped Pygmy Eleuth (Eleutherodactylus limbatus), one of the smallest frogs in the world, and various lizards such as the Anolis luteogulartis.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Protected Areas System of Cuba (2005). "Protected Areas". Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-10-10.  (Spanish)
  2. ^ a b c Department of Tourism, Cuba. "Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra del Rosario". Retrieved 2007-10-11.  (Spanish)
  3. ^ Radio Habana. "Sierra del Rosario". Archived from the original on 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2007-10-11.  (Spanish)