View over Siglufjörður
|Nickname(s): "Síldarbærinn" (Herring Town), Sigló'|
Location of the Municipality of Fjallabyggð
|• Total||155 km2 (60 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2011)|
|• Density||9.28/km2 (24.0/sq mi)|
Location of the former Municipality of Siglufjörður
Population in January 2011 was 1,206 but the town has been shrinking in size since the 1950s when the town reached its peak with 3,000 inhabitants.
Siglufjörður was connected with a road for the first time in 1940, when the horse riding trail through Siglufjarðarskarð was improved enabling cars to get through. Before, ships, seaplanes, horses and strong legs provided the transport.
Today the town remains dependent on fishing industries although the herring are gone. The government of Iceland is attempting to reverse the population shrinking in the area by improving land transportation. Two road tunnels were dug between Siglufjörður to the neighbouring town of Ólafsfjörður to connect with the region of Eyjafjörður in the east. These tunnels are called Héðinsfjörður Tunnel and their total length is 11 km (6.8 mi). They were opened on October 2, 2010. Siglufjörður was already connected by the 800 m Strákar Tunnel to the west; it used to be the town's only road connection open whole year around. The tunnel was completed in 1967 and before that the only road to the town was a narrow mountain pass, open only during the summer.
The old road to Siglufjörður is open during the summer. The road was and still is the highest mountain road in Iceland and is used today both for hiking, horseriding and pleasure driving.
One of the aspects of the new tunnel to Héðinsfjörður, is that it will open up interesting mountain tracks, trout fishing opportunities etc., which so far have only been open to boat owners or those willing to walk the old trail over the pass between Siglufjörður and Héðinsfjörður.
There have not been regular flight to Siglufjörður for many years, but private small planes make frequent landings. The closest airport with scheduled flights is in Akureyri, one hour drive from Siglufjörður.
- Political division
- Mainly statistical division
- The Town's official website (www.fjallabyggd.is)
- The Herring Era Museum in Siglufjörður
- The unofficial website for the inhabitants of Siglufjörður, includes web cam. (vefmyndavél)