Sigma Arae

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Sigma Arae
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Ara constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

The location of σ Arae (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Ara
Right ascension 17h 35m 39.58957s[1]
Declination –46° 30′ 20.4618″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +4.575[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type A0 V[3]
U−B color index –0.064[2]
B−V color index –0.027[2]
Astrometry
Proper motion (μ) RA: –25.78[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –38.30[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 8.62 ± 0.26[1] mas
Distance 380 ± 10 ly
(116 ± 3 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 1.40[4]
Details
Luminosity (bolometric) 26.4[4] L
Temperature 9,790[4] K
Other designations
CD–46 11661, HD 159217, HIP 86092, HR 6537, SAO 228162.[5]

Sigma Arae (σ Ara, σ Arae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern constellation of Ara. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of +4.575.[2] The distance to this star, based upon an annual parallax shift of 8.62 mas,[1] is around 380 light-years (120 parsecs).

This is an A-type main sequence star with a stellar classification of A0 V.[3] Unusually for an A-type star, X-ray emissions with a luminosity of 4.6 × 1029 erg s–1 have been detected from Sigma Arae. Normally this is explained by the presence of a lower mass orbiting companion star. However, such a scenario does not appear to hold true for this star. Instead, the signature of a surface magnetic field has been detected with a strength of roughly 128 ± 73 Gauss, indicating the source of the X-rays may be surface magnetic activity.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Cousins, A. W. J. (1973), "Revised zero points and UBV photometry of stars in the Harvard E and F regions", Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society 77: 223–236, Bibcode:1973MmRAS..77..223C. 
  3. ^ a b Houk, Nancy (1978), Michigan catalogue of two-dimensional spectral types for the HD stars 2, Ann Arbor: Dept. of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Bibcode:1978mcts.book.....H. 
  4. ^ a b c Neff, James E.; Simon, Theodore (September 2008), "O VI Observations of the Onset of Convection Zones in Main-Sequence A Stars", The Astrophysical Journal 685 (1): 478–488, arXiv:0805.4459, Bibcode:2008ApJ...685..478N, doi:10.1086/590423 
  5. ^ "sig Ara -- Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Database (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg), retrieved 2012-08-02. 
  6. ^ Schröder, C.; Hubrig, S.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M. (June 2008), "Magnetic fields in A-type stars associated with X-ray emission", Astronomy and Astrophysics 484 (2): 479–486, Bibcode:2008A&A...484..479S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078963 

External links[edit]