The Sigma DP1 is a high-end compact digital camera introduced by the Sigma Corporation. It features a 14-megapixel Foveon X3 sensor (2652 × 1768 × 3 layers), a fixed 16.6 mm F4.0 lens (28mm equivalent), a 2.5” LCD and a pop-up flash. It was the first "compact" camera that featured an APS-C sized sensor, a feature that Sigma claimed would result in DSLR quality images from a small, pocketable camera.
It was first announced on September 26, 2006, and after several production delays was delivered in the spring of 2008. A follow-up camera, the Sigma DP2, was released in 2009; it features a different lens, and they are being sold in parallel. An improved version called DP1S was announced on November 17, 2009.
It has been praised for innovation (large sensor in compact body) and class-leading detail at ISO 100 – best image quality in a compact camera, in the same class as DSLRs, and suited for daylight landscape and architecture photography – but criticized for poor low-light performance and slow speed, summarized as "a great concept that needs a considerable amount of additional work". The user interface has also been criticized.
In February 2012 it was announced by Sigma Corporation that an updated version of both the DP1 and DP2 series, to be known as DP1 Merrill and DP2 Merrill, will incorporate the updated 46 MP Foveon sensor of the SD1, resulting in substantially greater image detail.
Another notable change of the 'Merrill' DP cameras is the focus ring is now in the traditional location around the lens barrel.
|Image Sensor||Foveon X3 (CMOS with layered photodiodes)|
|Image Sensor Size||20.7 × 13.8mm|
|Number of Pixels||Effective pixels approx. 14.06 MP (2652 × 1768 × 3 layers)|
|Aspect Ratio||3 : 2, 16 : 9|
|Lens||16.6mm f/4 (35mm equivalent focal length：28mm)|
|Lens Construction||5 groups, 6 elements|
|Storage Media||Secure Digital (SD) card / SDHC compatible|
|Recording Format||Exif 2.21, DCF 2.0, DPOF|
|Recording Mode||Lossless compression RAW data (12-bit), JPEG (High, Medium, Low),
Movie, Voice memo to still images, Voice recording
|White Balance||8 types (Auto, Sunlight, Shade, Overcast, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Flash, Custom)|
|Auto Focus||Contrast-detection type|
|Focusing Modes||Single, 9-points multi|
|AF Point Selection||Auto and manual selection|
|Focus Lock||Shutter release halfway-down position(AF lock can be done by AE lock button from menu setting)|
|Manual Focus||Focus aid (dial type)|
|Metering System||8 segments evaluative metering, Center Metering, Center-Weighted Average Metering|
|Exposure Control System||Auto Mode, (P) Program AE, (S) Shutter Priority AE, (A) Aperture Priority AE, (M) Manual|
|Exposure Compensation||±3EV (1/3 stop increments)|
|Auto Bracketing||Appropriate, under, over; 1/3EV steps up to ±3EV for appropriate exposure|
|Shutter Speed||1/2000sec. to 15sec.|
|ISO sensitivity range||ISO equivalency 50-800|
|Built-in Flash||Pop-up type (manually)|
|Flash Coverage Range||30cm-2.1m(at ISO200)|
|External Flash Sync.||Hotshoe (X-sync contact)|
|Drive Modes|| Single,  Continuous,  Self Timer(2sec. /10sec.)|
|LCD Monitor||TFT Color LCD Monitor|
|Monitor Size||2.5 inches|
|LCD Pixels||approx. 230,000 pixels|
|LCD Monitor Language||English/Japanese/German/Chinese/French/Spanish/Italian/Chinese (Simplified)/Korean|
|Interface||USB (USB2.0), video out (NTSC/PAL), audio out (monaural)|
|Power||Li-ion battery pack BP-31, battery charger BC-31, AC adapter (optional)|
|Dimensions||113.3mm/4.5" (W) × 59.5mm /2.3"(H) × 50.3mm/2" (D)|
|Weight||240g /8.5oz (excluding batteries)|
- Sigma Corp. DP1 Special Site (2007).
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