Sigmoidocele

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Sigmoidocele (also known as Pouch of Douglas descent) refers to a condition where the sigmoid colon descends (prolapses) into the lower pelvic cavity. [1] This can obstruct the rectum and cause symptoms of obstructed defecation.

Epidemiology[edit]

Sigmoidocele normally occurs in females, and is uncommon. [1]

Pathophysiology[edit]

The phenomena is caused by a weak section of fascial supports of the vagina (the uterosacral cardinal ligament complex and rectal vaginal septum), which allows a section of peritoneum containing the sigmoid colon to prolapse out of normal position and fall between the rectum and the vagina. [2]

Diagnosis[edit]

It is not possible to differentiate between a rectocele and a sigmoidocele on vaginal examination. Defecating proctography will demonstrate a sigmoidocele during straining.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wexner, edited by Andrew P. Zbar, Steven D. (2010). Coloproctology. New York: Springer. ISBN 978-1-84882-755-4. 
  2. ^ al.], senior editors, Bruce G. Wolff ... [et (2007). The ASCRS textbook of colon and rectal surgery. New York: Springer. ISBN 0-387-24846-3.