Siheung

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Siheung
시흥시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Siheung-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Sihŭng-si
Wolgot Harbor past Oido Station
Wolgot Harbor past Oido Station
Official logo of Siheung
Emblem of Siheung
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Administrative divisions 11 dong
Area
 • Total 131.46 km2 (50.76 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 441,147
 • Density 3,355.8/km2 (8,691/sq mi)
 • Dialect Seoul

Siheung Korean: [ɕʰihɯŋ] is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea.

In the early Three Kingdoms period, the Siheung area was part of the Baekje kingdom. It was lost to Goguryeo along with the Han River valley in 475.

Siheung acquired its current administrative identity on January 1, 1989, when the old county of Siheung (Siheung County) was divided into the cities of Siheung, Gunpo, and Uiwang. At the time Siheung city had a population of only 93,000. This number more than tripled in the following decade, as massive suburban apartment complexes were developed.

Today's Siheung City area belonged to old Incheon and Ansan before 1914.

Notable landmarks include Oi Island, Mount Sorae, and the port and inlet of Wolgot. Siheung includes two new cities that were developed in the 1990s, Sihwa and Wolgot New City. The new city of Sihwa includes a very large industrial complex. Companies headquartered there include Hansung Machinery Co. Korea Polytechnic University established in 1997, and also Kyonggi Institute of Technology established in 1998.

In 2006, Korea Polytechnic University built TIP (Techno Innovation Park). The building has 18 floors used for studying, research, and development for students, faculty, companies and government.[1]

In February 2010 Seoul National University acquired 826 thousand square-meters or 204 acres of Siheung property to establish its global campus.[2] The university plans to build a bio-medical complex, research hospital, apartments, and education-related infrastructure including lecture halls, dormitories, and an international middle and high school.[3]

Administrative districts[edit]

Siheung is divided into 15 dongs[4] which are made up of 405 smaller tongs (통; ). As of 2013, the population of the city is 421,192 people including 156,945 households.

Administrative dong Korean name Population Household Area(km²)
Daeya-dong 대야동 35,724 13,515 9.85
Sincheon-dong 신천동 44,033 17,005 3.44
Sinhyun-dong 신현동 12,524 4,781 12.59
Eunheng-dong 은행동 32,104 10,648 5.96
Maehwa-dong 매화동 13,682 5,095 11.22
Mokgam-dong 목감동 11,458 4,482 17.58
Gunja dong 군자동 42,734 17,004 16.69
Jeongwangbon-dong 정왕본동 23,450 15,876 8.83
Jeongwang 1-dong 정왕1동 31,276 15,642 6.55
Jeongwang 2-dong 정왕2동 36,687 12,693 4.81
Jeongwang 3-dong 정왕3동 26,643 10,915 6.18
Jeongwang 4-dong 정왕4동 25,104 7,951 5.80
Gwarim-dong 과림동 2,562 1,355 7.65
Yeonseong-dong 연성동 45,519 14,604 13.54
Neunggok-dong 능곡동 16,389 5,783 4.34
Total 시흥시 399,889 157,349 135.03

Transportation[edit]

Railroad[edit]

(Ansan) ← JeongwangOido
Oido - Darwol - Wolgot → (Namdong-gu)

Recreation & Tourism[edit]

The Lotus Theme Park can be visited year-round by bikers and pedestrians, but the peak months for seeing the lotus plants in bloom are July and August. It is also the site of a summer festival. Seven varieties of lotus and over thirty varieties of waterlilies are cultivated at the park.[5] Admission to the theme park during the summer months is free, and lotus viewing tours take place from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. local time.[6] The theme park can be reached by several city bus routes.[7]

  • Siheung Gaetgol Ecology Park

There is inland gaetgol that is rare in the world. This gaetgol is exposed twice a day at at low tide. It is called serpentinizing mudflat because it looks like snake.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.kpu.ac.kr/contents/mainEng/eng/tipintro.html
  2. ^ Chung, Young-jin (2010-02-12). "Plans under way for new SNU branch in Siheung". joongangdaily.joins.com. Retrieved 2011-05-05. 
  3. ^ Kim, Yea-rim (2011-03-16). "Siheung is on the Road to Becoming Korea's Investment Mecca". koreatimes.com. Retrieved 2011-05-05. 
  4. ^ "Siheung Administrative districts". Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  5. ^ http://eng.gg.go.kr/1369 Lotus Theme Park Info
  6. ^ http://www.siheung.go.kr/tour/content.do?method=contentView&topCmsCd=CM0139&cmsCd=CM1764&grp=2&clickParentNum=11&clickNum=12 Siheung Lotus Theme Park Page (Korean)
  7. ^ http://eng.gg.go.kr/entry/Siheung-Lotus-Theme-Park-1 Lotus Theme Park Info and Directions
  8. ^ Regular Adjourned Meeting No. 28

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°22′47″N 126°48′10″E / 37.37986°N 126.802887°E / 37.37986; 126.802887