Sikander Bakht

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For the Pakistani cricketer, see Sikander Bakht (cricketer).
Sikander Bakht
Minister of External Affairs
In office
21 May 1996 – 1 June 1996
Preceded by Pranab Mukherjee
Succeeded by I. K. Gujral
Leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha
In office
7 July 1992 – 23 May 1996
Preceded by S. Jaipal Reddy
Succeeded by Shankarrao Chavan
In office
1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998
Preceded by Shankarrao Chavan
Succeeded by Dr. Manmohan Singh
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Chandni Chowk
In office
Preceded by Subhadra Joshi
Succeeded by Bhiku Ram Jain
Personal details
Born August 24, 1918
Died February 23, 2004
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party (after 1980)
JP (1977-1980)
Congress (O) (1969-1977)
INC (before 1969)
Children 2
Alma mater Anglo-Arabic College, Delhi

Sikander Bakht (August 24, 1918 – February 23, 2004) was an Indian politician belonging to the Indian National Congress, the Janata Party and, finally, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was elected as the Vice President of the BJP, served its leader in the Rajya Sabha, and as a cabinet minister in the NDA government headed by Atal Bihari Vajpayee. In 2000, he was awarded Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian honour of the Government of India.

Early life[edit]

Sikander Bakht was born in Delhi, India in 1918. He attended the Anglo Arabic Senior Secondary School, Delhi and completed his Bachelor of Science from the Anglo-Arabic College (now known as Zakir Husain College) in Delhi. During his school and college days he was a keen hockey player and represented Delhi University and Delhi in various tournaments. He also played and captained the Independents Hockey Club. He once said he is proud member of BJP and always maintained that India is land of secularism and supported the ethos of India.

Political career[edit]

In 1952 Bakht was elected to the Municipal Corporation of Delhi as a Congress candidate. In 1968 he was elected as the Chairman of Delhi Electric Supply Undertaking. In 1969 the Congress party split and Bakht stayed with Congress (Organisation). Bakht was then elected to The Metropolitan Council of Delhi as a Congress (O) candidate. On June 25, 1975 Emergency was declared by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, Bakht along with other opposition leaders was imprisoned on June 25, 1975. He was lodged in The Rohtak Jail until his release in December 1976. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered General Elections in March 1977. As soon as the opposition leaders were released, they merged all opposition parties to form The Janta Party.

In March 1977 Bakht was elected to the Lok Sabha (the lower house of Indian Parliament) as a Janata Party candidate, from Chandni Chowk in New Delhi. Morarji Desai was appointed Prime Minister and he appointed Bakht as a Cabinet Minister for Works, Housing, Supply and Rehabilitation. He served in this capacity till July 1979.

In 1980 the Janta Party split and Bakht opted to be with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was appointed as General Secretary of BJP. In 1984 he was made the Vice President of BJP.

In 1990 Bakht was elected to the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of the Indian Parliament)from Madhya Pradesh. In 1992 he became the Leader of Opposition in the Rajya Sabha. (The Leader of Opposition is equivalent to Cabinet Minister's post.) On 10 April 1996 he was reelected from Madhya Pradesh to the Rajya Sabha.[1]

In May 1996, Atal Bihari Vajpayee offered Bakht the post of Minister of Urban Affairs when he formed his government. Bakht, however, demanded a higher post, and on May 24 he was given the additional post of Minister of Foreign Affairs. The Vajpayee Government lasted only 13 days. Bakht was Foreign Minister for little more than a week, as he was forced to resign when Vajpayee's government collapsed on June 1, 1996. After the collapse of the Vajpayee government, Bakht became the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha once again.

In 1998 Vajpayee was again appointed Prime Minister and Bakht was appointed Industry Minister, a post he held until 2002. In addition, he was appointed as the Leader of the House in Rajya Sabha. After serving an entire term as Industries Minister, Bakht retired from active politics and was appointed as the Governor of Kerala in 2002.


In 2000 Bakht was awarded the Padma Vibhushan. This is the second highest Indian civilian award. The two other persons from the BJP who have been awarded the Padma Vibhushan are Atal Behari Vajpayee and Lal Krishna Advani. Atal Behari Vajpayee has since been awarded Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award of India. [2]


Bakht finished his term in Rajya Sabha on April 9, 2002. 9 days later, Bakht was sworn in as Governor of Kerala, succeeding Sukhdev Singh Kang. At the age of 83 years, 237 days, he was the oldest Governor. He was highly popular and served in this post until his death. Bakht died in the Medical College Hospital in Kerala's capital city Thiruvananthapuram on February 23, 2004, from complications of intestinal surgery which was performed on February 19. He was the first Governor who died in office. He was replaced two days later by Karnataka governor T. N. Chaturvedi. There was concern, particularly among BJP members, that Bakht might have died because of medical negligence, but nothing was proven.{{[3]}} Chief Minister A. K. Antony, at the time of Sikander Bakht's death, had to give into popular demand to order an inquiry to examine if there was any lapse on part of doctors or any other motive.[4] [5]

The President of India, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, said "In his death we have lost a prominent public personality and a statesman." [6] Prime Minister Vajpayee said "Mr. Bakht was a freedom-fighter. He struggled for democracy and the nationalist cause with courage and conviction. He rendered distinguished service as a member of my Cabinet for sometime."[6]


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Pranab Mukherjee
Minister for External Affairs of India
Succeeded by
Inder Kumar Gujral