Sikkimese people

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Old Nepali woman

Sikkimese people inhabit the Indian state of Sikkim. The indigenous peoples of Sikkim consist of the Lepcha, migrating from Tibet, Bhutias, descendants of Buddhists who arrived from Tibet in the 15th century, who migrated from the Kham district of Tibet in the 14th century, and Nepali, descendants of Hindus who arrived from Nepal in the 19th century. The current population is approximately 13% Lepcha, 16% Bhutias and 67% Nepali.[1]

The dominant language is Nepali, but other languages include Bhutia, Dzongkha, Groma, Gurung, Kafle, Lepcha, Limbu, Magar, Majhi, Majhwar, Nepal Bhasa, Rai, Sherpa, Sunuwar, Tamang, Thulung, Tibetan, and Yakha.[2][3]

Hinduism is the majority religion in Sikkim, with 60.9% of the population adhering to the religion.[4] Buddhism forms a large minority with 28.1% of the population following the religion.[4] Christians form 6.7% of the population,[4] consisting mostly of people of Lepcha origin, converted to the faith after British missionaries came in the 19th century. Mosques in downtown Gangtok and Mangan serve the Muslim population, which numbers at 1.4% of the population.[4] Many Lepcha follow a syncretic faith based on the pre-Buddhist Mun religion.[5][6][7][8][9][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sikkim People - People of Sikkim, Sikkim People and Lifestyle, Sikkimese People
  2. ^ "General Information". Retrieved 2006-10-12. 
  3. ^ "People of Sikkim". Department of Information and Public Relations, Government of Sikkim. 2005-09-29. Archived from the original on 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2006-10-12. 
  4. ^ a b c d Indian Census
  5. ^ Hamlet Bareh, ed. (2001). "Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Sikkim". Encyclopaedia of North-East India 7. Mittal Publications. pp. 284–86. ISBN 8170997879. 
  6. ^ Torri, Davide (2010). "10. In the Shadow of the Devil. traditional patterns of Lepcha culture reinterpreted". In Fabrizio Ferrari. Health and Religious Rituals in South Asia. Taylor & Francis. pp. 149–156. ISBN 1136846298. 
  7. ^ Barbara A. West, ed. (2009). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania. Facts on File library of world history. Infobase Publishing. p. 462. ISBN 1438119135. 
  8. ^ Timothy L. Gall, Jeneen Hobby, ed. (2009). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life: Asia and Oceania 4 (2, revised ed.). Gale. p. 560. ISBN 1414448929. 
  9. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh; Ranju R. Dhamala (1993). Kumar Suresh Singh, ed. Sikkim. People of India 39. Anthropological Survey of India, Seagull Books. pp. 99–100. ISBN 8170461200. 
  10. ^ Kaushik, P. K (2007). Sustainable Tribal Culture in India. Pinnacle Technology. p. 17. ISBN 1618202073.