Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha

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Silahdar Damat
Ali
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
27 April 1713 – 5 August 1716
Monarch Ahmed III
Preceded by Hoca Ibrahim Pasha
Succeeded by Hacı Halil Pasha
Personal details
Born 1667
İznik, Ottoman Empire
Died 5 August 1716
Petrovaradin, Serbia
Military service
Battles/wars Austro-Turkish War of 1716–18
Ottoman–Venetian War (1714–18)

Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha (1667 – 5 August 1716), also called Silahdar Ali Pasha, was an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier.

Early life[edit]

Ali Pasha was born to a Turkish family in Iznik (ancient Nicaea), in modern Turkey. His father’s name was Hacı Hüseyin. He was trained in the Enderun palace school in Istanbul and during the reign of Mustafa II he was appointed to be the personal secretary of the sultan. In 1709, he was engaged to the daughter of Ahmet III, gaining the title damat (English: bridegroom) and was appointed as the Second Vizier. On 27 April 1713, he became the Grand Vizier.

Term as Grand Vizier[edit]

Tomb of Silahdar Ali Pasha in Belgrade

Shortly after his appointment, he succeeded in ratifying the Treaty of Pruth with Russia, thus securing the northern frontiers of the Ottoman Empire at Dnieper River.[1]

By early 1714, his attention shifted to the Morea (the Peloponnese peninsula in southern Greece), which had been held by the Republic of Venice since the Morean War and the 1699 Treaty of Karlowitz. The Ottomans had never been reconciled to its loss. When the Venetians gave refuge to Serbian rebels from Montenegro and Herzegovina in their Dalmatian province, and some of their merchants were involved in disputes with Ottoman vessels, the Ottoman Porte (government) swiftly used this as a pretext to declare war.

The subsequent campaign in 1715, led by Silahdar Ali Pasha himself, was an overwhelming success, as the entire Morea fell quickly and with little bloodshed to the Ottoman army.

However, Habsburg Austria, an ally of Venice, also declared war against the Ottomans. In 1716, Ali Pasha moved to Austrian front where he commended the Ottoman army against an Austrian forces led by Prince Eugene of Savoy at the Battle of Petrovaradin (5 August 1716). During the battle Ali Pasha lost his life.[2] His tomb is in Belgrade.

After his death he was called Şehit Ali Pasha (English: martyr).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biography of Ahmet III (Turkish)
  2. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt III, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 268-269
Political offices
Preceded by
Hoca Ibrahim Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
27 April 1713 – 5 August 1716
Succeeded by
Hacı Halil Pasha