Silang, Cavite

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Silang
Municipality
Flag of Silang
Flag
Official seal of Silang
Seal
Nickname(s): Food Bastion of Metro Manila
Map of Cavite showing the location of Silang
Map of Cavite showing the location of Silang
Silang is located in Philippines
Silang
Silang
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°14′N 120°59′E / 14.233°N 120.983°E / 14.233; 120.983Coordinates: 14°14′N 120°59′E / 14.233°N 120.983°E / 14.233; 120.983
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Cavite
Congr. districts 5th District of Cavite
Incorporated 1917
Barangays 64
Government[1]
 • Mayor Emilia Lourdes Poblete (Lakas-CMD)
 • Vice Mayor Rosalie B. Loyola (LP)
Area[2]
 • Municipality 209.43 km2 (80.86 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Municipality 213,490
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
 • Urban 65,844
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4118
Dialing code 46

The Municipality of Silang (Filipino: Bayan ng Silang) is a first class landlocked municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 213,490 people in an area of 209.4 square kilometers (80.8 sq mi).[3] Silang is located in the eastern section of Cavite.

It is the location of the Philippine National Police Academy, PDEA Academy, and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction head office.

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now part of the Manila's conurbation which spans southward toward Lipa City.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Silang is approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) south of Manila. General Trias, Dasmariñas and General Mariano Alvarez (GMA) bound it on the north and on the west by Amadeo, Tagaytay on the south. Silang is noted for its relatively cool and invigorating climate.

Barangays[edit]

Silang is politically subdivided into 64 barangays.[4]

  • Acacia
  • Adlas
  • Anahaw 1
  • Anahaw 2
  • Balite 1
  • Balite 2
  • Balubad
  • Banaba (disputed from GMA)
  • Batas
    • Sitio Ilang-Ilang
    • Sitio Kasuyan
  • Biga 1
  • Biga 2
  • Biluso
  • Buho
  • Bucal
  • Bulihan (disputed from GMA)
  • Cabangaan
  • Carmen
  • Hoyo
  • Hukay
  • Iba
  • Inchican
  • Ipil 1
  • Ipil 2
  • Kalubkob
  • Kaong
  • Langkaan 1
  • Langkaan 2
  • Litlit
    • Sitio Maynilaan
    • Sitio Lingat
    • Sitio Balayunan
  • Lucsuhin
  • Lumil
  • Maguyam
  • Malabag
  • Malaking Tatyao
  • Mataas Na Burol
  • Munting Ilog
  • Narra 1
  • Narra 2
  • Narra 3
  • Paligawan
  • Pasong Langka
  • Poblacion Barangay 1
  • Poblacion Barangay 2
  • Poblacion Barangay 3
  • Poblacion Barangay 4
  • Poblacion Barangay 5
  • Pooc 1
  • Pooc 2
  • Pulong Bunga
  • Pulong Saging
  • Puting Kahoy
  • Sabutan
  • San Miguel 1
  • San Miguel 2
  • San Vicente 1
  • San Vicente 2
  • Santol
  • Tartaria
  • Tibig
  • Toledo
  • Tubuan 1
  • Tubuan 2
  • Tubuan 3
  • Ulat
  • Yakal

Etymology[edit]

The name Silang was derived from the Tagalog word silanganan meaning "east", because the town is seated at the eastern portion of Cavite. A legend claims that it was coined from the Tagalog word isinilang or "given birth to", referring to the sudden and unusual emergence of the parish church. It may also refer to the new emergence of the land from the eruption of Taal Volcano on May 15, 1754. Whereas, three barangays of Silang are called Tubuan I, II & III.

History[edit]

Pre-Hispanic period[edit]

The roots are traced by tradition to the time when ten Bornean datus migrated northward on board balangays and ended in Silang though Taal Lake. Its first settlers were Gat Hingiw, his wife Gat Kaliwanag and their seven children. Their children moved to different places of the town and established their respective barangays. Gat Pandan stayed in the community and developed the area.[5]

Spanish colonial era[edit]

During the start of the Spanish colonization in the Philippines, tracts of land were given by the monarch of Spain to the Spanish conquistadores and their descendants who collected tributes from the people residing in their acquired lands. Silang originally belonged to the encomienda (land grant) of Diego Jorge de Villalobos. His Silang territory extended to what is today the towns of Carmona, Amadeo, Indang, Alfonso, General Trias and Tanza.[5]

The Silang territory was later purchased from King Ferdinand VI of Spain for 2,000 pesetas on March 9, 1746 to prevent it from becoming a "friar land" like the other towns of Cavite, executed through the representation of Bernabe Javier Manahan and Gervacio dela Cruz.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Silang
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 93,790 —    
1995 124,062 +5.38%
2000 156,137 +5.05%
2007 199,825 +3.46%
2010 213,490 +2.44%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Religion[edit]

The majority of the people in Silang, Cavite are Roman Catholics. Other religious groups include are the Church of God International (A.K.A. Ang Dating Daan/The Old Path/El Camino Antiguo), United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP), Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), The United Methodist Church, Iglesia Evangelica Metodista en las Islas Filipinas (IEMELIF), Presbyterian Churches, Baptist and Bible Fundamental churches, Seventh Day Adventist Churches, and other UPC churches with the other Oneness apostolic groups such as the Jesus Miracle Crusade. Religious tolerance exists among members of different sects.

Economy[edit]

Premier Plaza Mall

Silang, like most of the towns in the province of Cavite, depends on a mainly agricultural economy. The primary crops grown in the area are coconut, coffee, corn, banana, pineapple, and tree crops like mango, lansones, caimito, santol, jackfruit, guava, and avocado. Fertile soils and abundant water sources make Silang suitable not only for common commercial crops but also for high value and exotic crops production. Most of the local farmers practice intercropping to increase land productivity and lessen soil erosion. Fruit production exceeds the demand of the municipality's population, thus, supply excesses are marketed to Metro Manila and neighboring urban centers. A number of poultry and swine farms are also located in some rural barangays.

Manufacturing and trade are Silang’s other major sources of income. Trade and investments grew tremendously with the influx of both Manila-based and foreign investors. Total investments were estimated at P2.5 billion between 1996 and 2004, which helped bring about the employment of 3,000 people. Despite the slow down of progress in 2004, Land Value still soared, allowing investors to infiltrate and start business. The investment trend resulted in the increase in the price of prime realty from P3,000 to P15,000 per square meter and from P150 to P500 per square meter for raw lots in interior barangays. Trade establishments in Silang include gasoline stations, convenience stores, lumber/hardware traders, groceries, resorts, and hotels.

The dry goods section of the Silang Public Market can now accommodate 228 stalls.

Silang houses the Maguyam Industrial Complex and the Daichi Industrial Complex in addition to a total of ten factories operating outside the export processing zone.

Transportation[edit]

Silang can be reached by bus, or by jeepney. Coming from Manila, it will take 2 hours to reach the town proper. Silang is accessible by land transportation. Major road networks to and from Laguna and Batangas traverse it making the town a potential trading center for agricultural products while enjoying an environment that is free of traffic and pollution problems. Commuters are assured of smooth travel within the borders of the municipality with of its good road networks of approximately 187.83 km. Six major road projects were completed in 1996. These are the Bulihan Resettlement Area Road, the 8-km Kaong-Maguyam Road, the Caramanzana Drive connecting the Silang Public Market with Aguinaldo Highway, the 2-km Sabutan-Iba Road, the DPWH funded Sta. Rosa-Silang-Tagaytay Road, and the Malabag Road

Fares range from PHP80 - PHP150 ($2.00 - $3.75), when traveling from Manila to Silang by bus. Jeepney fares are slightly lower.

Places of interest[edit]

Our Lady of Candelaria Parish Church

Local government[edit]

Silang Town Hall

Elected officials:

  • Mayor: Emilia Lourdes Poblete
  • Vice Mayor: Rosalie B. Loyola
  • Sangguniang Bayan Members:
    • Belamide, Aidel Paul
    • Amutan, Ferdinand
    • Batingal, Luis Jr.
    • Patawe, Nestor
    • Tolentino, Allan
    • Toledo, Alfredo
    • Doneza, Ronnie "Isang Bagsak"
    • De Jesus, Luciano Jr.

List of former executives[edit]

Gobernadorcillo (Leader of 'pueblo' or bayan during Spanish Era):

  1. Don Teodoro de Leon 1850-1852
  2. Anastacio Medina 1852-1858
  3. Codrato Mercado 1858-1872
  4. Severino Belarmino 1872
  5. Ancelmo Belardo 1875
  6. Julio Medina 1877-1878
  7. Lazaro Kiamzon 1879-1880
  8. Ignacio Ambalada 1881
  9. Angel Belardo 1881-1882
  10. Ignacio Ambalada (new term) 1883-1884
  11. Benito Gonzales 1884
  12. Vito Belarmino 1885-1886
  13. Lazaro Kiamzon (new term) 1887
  14. Benito Gonzales 1887-1888
  15. Gaspar Medina 1889-1890
  16. Marcelo Madlansacay 1891-1892

As the effect of the Maura Law in 1893, the tribunal del pueblo was changed to tribunal municipal and leaders of municipalities were called Capitan Municipal:

  1. Victor Belardo 1893-1894
  2. Nicolas Montoya 1895-1896
  3. Martin Medina 1896
  4. Isidoro Montoya 1896-1897
  5. Marcelo Madlansacay (former gobernadorcillo) 1897
  6. Vicente Poblete 1897-1898
  7. Jose Kiamzon 1898-1901

During the American Period, the 2nd commission passed the Municipal Code (Act No. 82) that created Municipalities. The leaders were called Presidente Municipal: First Elections were held 1903. (Silang Historical Society)

  1. Isaias Benjamin (appointed) 1901-1903
  2. Nicolas Madlansacay (elected) 1903-1904
  3. Primo Villanueva 1905-1906
  4. Pedro Laviña 1907-1908
  5. Isaias Benjamin (new term) 1909-1912
  6. Jose Kiamzon (former Capitan Municipal) 1912-1916
  7. Victor Kiamzon 1916-1919
  8. Epifanio Montoya 1919-1922
  9. Victor Kiamzon 1922-1925
  10. Venancio Toledo 1926-1931
  11. Victor Kiamzon 1931-1934
  12. Martin Torres - Feb-Aug 1934

Municipal Mayor(s):

  1. Jose Kiamzon 1934-1937
  2. Martin Torres 1937-1940
  3. Miguel Kiamzon 1940-1943
  4. Dominador Kiamzon 1943-1945
  5. Martin Torres 1946-1948
  6. Mariano Belen 1949-1953
  7. Zacarias Batingal - January–October 1954
  8. Martin Torres 1954-1955
  9. Zacarias Batingal March 1955
  10. Martin Torres April–October 1955
  11. Pedro Caragao Nov-December 1955
  12. Enrique Asuncion 1956-1971
  13. Edgardo Mercado 1972-1986
  14. Clarito Poblete 1986-1995
  15. Ruben Madlansacay 1995-2004
  16. Clarito Poblete (2nd term) 2004-2013
  17. Emilia Lourdes Poblete 2013–present

Education[edit]

Public elementary schools:

  • Silang Central Elementary School (Brgy. 4 (Poblacion))
  • Silang West Elementary School (Brgy. 5 (Poblacion))
  • Bagong Buhay Elementary School
  • Balubad Elementary School
  • Batas Elementary School
  • Biga Elementary School
  • Bulihan Sites and Services Project Elementary School
  • Iba Elementary School
  • Kaong Elementary School
  • Kalubkob Elementary School
  • Kasuyan Elementary School
  • Lalaan Sentral School
  • Litlit Elementary School
  • Lucsuhin Elementary School
  • Lumil Elementary School
  • Tartaria Elementary School
  • Tibig Elementary School
  • Maguyam Elementary School
  • Munting Ilog Elementary School
  • Pasong Langka Elementary School
  • Sabutan Elementary School
  • Inchican Elementary School
  • Carmen Elementary School
  • Ulat Elementary School

Government high schools:

  • Kaong National High School (Barangay Kaong)
  • Lumil National High School (Barangay Lumil)
  • General Vito L. Belarmino National High School (Barangay Kalubkob)
  • Malabag National High School (Barangay Malabag Toledo)
  • Munting Ilog National High School - Main (Barangay Munting Ilog)
  • Bulihan National High School (Barangay Old Bulihan)
  • Munting Ilog National High School - Silang West Annex (Barangay Poblacion 5)

Private schools:

  • New Life Christian School of Cavite this is the school where pupils and students are taken cared of by Christian responsible school head and teachers. This School is currently a Member of GMASCAPS.
  • Cavite Institute
  • La Belle Montessori School
  • AIIAS Junior Academy
  • Lora Carnig School of All Nations
  • Little Heirs Academy
  • Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary Academe of Cavite
  • Westridge Academy
  • St.Scholastica's College-Westgrove
  • Our Lady Of Peace Academy Of Cavite
  • Mission and Vision Reformed Christian Academy
  • Biga Achievers' Learning Institute
  • Far Eastern University-Silang
  • Infant Jesus Academy
  • Living Lamp Academy
  • Imperial Learning Center

Catholic schools:

Colleges, state colleges and universities:

Cavite State University panorama

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: CAVITE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for Silang - National Statistical Coordination Board
  5. ^ a b c "History of Silang". Museo de Silan. Retrieved on 2013-06-18.
  6. ^ "Silang Church historical marker". Wikimedia Commons.

External links[edit]