Silas Bent (judge)
Silas Bent (1768–1827) was a judge on the bench of the Missouri Supreme Court from 1817 to 1821. His son Charles was a fur trader and appointed as the first territorial governor of New Mexico. His sons William, George and Robert had been in business with Charles and built Bent's Fort and other outposts of trade in the American Southwest.
Silas Bent was born in Rutland, Massachusetts on April 4, 1768,[nb 1] one of twelve children, to Silas Bent (1744–1818) and Mary Carter (1747–1831). Bent was a descendent of John Bent (1596–1672) a founder of Sudbury, Massachusetts. His father, also called Silas, may have been involved in the Boston Tea Party (there are differing opinions) and became a Lieutenant Colonel in the Massachusetts Militia.
Bent studied law in Wheeling, West Virginia under Philip Dodridge from the late 1780s. Upon marrying Martha Kerr, some time prior to 1800, he and his wife relocated to Charleston, West Virginia, where three of their children were born: Charles, Juliannah (also known as Julie Ann) and John. Bent spent brief periods running a store, serving as postmaster of the courthouse in Brooke County, Virginia, and sitting as a judge in the court of common pleas. He moved his family to Washington County, Ohio where he was appointed deputy surveyor in 1803 to Rufus Putnam, surveyor-general, and where their daughter Lucy was born in 1805.
In 1806 Bent became principal deputy surveyor for the new territory of Louisiana, purchased by the US from Napoleon in 1803. He settled with his family in St. Louis on September 17 of that year. Bent became the first presiding judge of the St. Louis district court of common pleas on August 20, 1807; presiding judge on the St. Louis court of common pleas on November 9, 1809; and auditor of public accounts. President James Madison appointed him on February 21, 1813 as a member of the bench of the Missouri Supreme Court, where he served until 1821 when Missouri became a state. From 1821 until the year of his death, Bent was a clerk at the St. Louis County Court.
Four of Bent's sons entered the lucrative fur trade. Charles, born in November 11, 1799 in Charleston, West Virginia, was the first to enter the trapping and trade business. George Bent recounted that his uncle worked about 1816 in the Upper Mississippi region for the American Fur Company. The historian David Lavender wrote that about 1817, Charles worked for the Missouri Fur Company, possibly starting out as a clerk. After establishing his own trading business with Ceran St. Vrain in 1832, Charles Bent was appointed as the first territorial governor of New Mexico in 1846.
William, born May 23, 1809 in St. Louis, entered the fur trade with his brother as a youth, about 1823 or 1824, beginning with learning to trap. At that time in the United States, boys of that age typically started a trade or career. About 1832 Charles and William took as their partner Ceran St. Vrain. George and Robert, born in St. Louis, joined in their brothers' enterprise. William Bent married a Cheyenne woman, Owl Woman. Their son George Bent, became an important informant of Cheyenne history and traditions, as well as serving as a soldier during the American Civil War and as a Cheyenne warrior.
Silas Bent's other children include:
- Juliannah (also known as Julie Ann), born in Charleston, West Virginia, became the first wife of Lilburn Boggs, who later became governor of Missouri; she died in 1820. John, born in Charleston, West Virginia, became a distinguished lawyer in St. Louis. Lucy was born in 1805 in Ohio.
- Four more children were born in St. Louis; Silas junior served in the Navy. He was a flag Lieutenant on the expedition to Japan under Matthew C. Perry. Later he was appointed to the St. Louis Board of Police Commissioners. Edward died at age six. Dorcas married judge William C. Carr. Mary married Major Jonathan L. Bean
- Allen states that Bent was born May 16, 1768.
- Bent, Allen (1900). The Bent Family in America. Boston: David Clapp & Son. pp. 34–35.
- Powell, Sumner Chilton. (1963). Puritan Village. The Formation of a New England Town. Middletown CT: Wesleyan University Press. 215pp. ISBN 0-8195-6014-6
- Grinnell, George Bird (1923). "Bent's Old Fort And Its Builders". Kansas State Historical Society Collections (Reprinted ed.) (Topeka: Kansas State Historical Society) 15: 1–2. hdl:2027/njp.32101079825426.
- Bay, William Van Ness (1878). Reminiscences of the bench and bar of Missouri. St. Louis:: F.H. Thomas & Company. p. 203.
- Bent, Allen (1900). The Bent family in America. Boston: David Clapp & Son. pp. 58–59.
- Bay, William Van Ness (1878). Reminiscences of the bench and bar of Missouri. St. Louis: F.H. Thomas & Company. pp. 204–205.
- Scharf, John Thomas (1883). History of Saint Louis City and County 1. Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Company. p. 149.
- Bent, George; Hyde, George. (1968). Life of George Bent in Letters, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 58-59. ISBN 0-8061-1577-7.
- Bent, George; Hyde, George. (1968). Life of George Bent in Letters, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. p. 86. ISBN 0-8061-1577-7.
- Hyde, Anne (2004). "Transients and Stickers: The Problem of Community in the Wild West". In Deverell, William Francis. A companion to the American West. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-631-21357-4. Retrieved 2011-07-08.
- Hyde, Anne F. (2011). Empires, Nations, and Families: A History of the North American West, 1800-1860. University of Nebraska Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-8032-2405-6.