Silas Woodson (May 18, 1819 – October 9, 1896) was the 21st Governor of Missouri, United States, between January 3, 1873 and January 12, 1875. He was notable for being the first Democrat elected to that position since the Civil War. No Republican would reach the office for over 30 years after Woodson's election.
Silas had made one previously unsuccessful attempt for the Missouri Legislature in 1868, but was chosen to run in 1873 against Republican Senator John B. Henderson. Woodson beat Henderson 156,777 votes to 121,889.
In his inaugural address, Governor Woodson spoke about education, in particular defending the Democrat position regarding common schools. Historian Arthur Lee commented this showed the institutionalization of public schooling in Missouri.
As part of his time as Governor, Woodson brought a case against Pacific Railroad for non-payment of a state-issued debt. The Railroad had contended that it was unable to repay $2 million lent to it due to the impact of the Civil War. Woodson had responded by attempting a sale of the Railroad in default. In the 1874 case of Woodson v Murdock, the Supreme Court found in favor of the Railroad.
In 1875, Silas Woodson was briefly investigated for his role in co-signing certificates issued during the Civil War by the Crafton Commission. Woodson owned $198,045 worth of the certificates personally. He was exonerated after it was shown that Crafton had been forging then-Governor Woodson's signature on certificates for defective muster rolls.
- Karanovich, F. A. (2009). "Managers of Virtue Revisited". American Educational History Journal 36 (1 & 2).
- Ross, Michael Anthony (2003). Justice of Shattered Dreams: Samuel Freeman Miller and the Supreme Court During the Civil War Era. LSU Press. p. 222. ISBN 9780807129241.
- Parrish, William Earl (2001). A History of Missouri: 1860 to 1875. University of Missouri Press. p. 280. ISBN 9780826213761.
- Sinisi, Kyle S. (2003). Sacred Debts: State Civil War Claims and American Federalism, 1861-1880. Fordham University Press. p. 71. ISBN 9780823222599.
B. Gratz Brown
|Governor of Missouri
Charles Henry Hardin
- Missouri State Archives Finding Aid 3.21 http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/findingaids/rg003-21.pdf
- “GOVERNOR SILAS WOODSON” page, "The Woodsons and Their Connections," Volume 1, pages 103, 104, and 105, compiled and published by Henry Morton Woodson, 1915 online at: http://woodsonfamilypage.0catch.com/GovernorSilasWoodson.html
- “Descendants of Wade Netherland Woodson and Mary Harris Woodson and Alice Cheek Woodson” page, Cobb-Sasser Family Lineage site http://cobbsasser.com/WoodsnWadeMryHarisAlCheek.html
- The following article about his law partner in Barbourville, Kentucky contains information about Woodson too: Michael Ross, “Hill Country Doctor: The Early Life and Career of Supreme Court Justice Samuel F. Miller in Kentucky, 1816-1849,” The Filson History Quarterly, Vol. 71 (October 1997): 430-462.