Silay

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For the nearby volcano, see Silay (volcano).
Silay
Component City
City of Silay
Lungsod ng Silay
Dakbanwa sg Silay
San Diego Pro-cathedral
San Diego Pro-cathedral
Official seal of Silay
Seal
Map of Negros Occidental with Silay highlighted
Map of Negros Occidental with Silay highlighted
Silay is located in Philippines
Silay
Silay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°48′N 122°58′E / 10.800°N 122.967°E / 10.800; 122.967Coordinates: 10°48′N 122°58′E / 10.800°N 122.967°E / 10.800; 122.967
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Province Negros Occidental
District 3rd district of Negros Occidental
Founded 1565
Cityhood June 12, 1957
Barangays 16 (11 Barangays in Urban Divions and 5 Barangays in Rural Division)
Government[1]
 • Mayor Jose L. Montelibano
Area[2]
 • Total 214.80 km2 (82.93 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 120,999
 • Density 560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6116
Dialing code 34
Income class 3rd class city; partially urban[4]
Website www.silaycity.gov.ph
Balay Negrense on Cinco de Noviembre Street

Silay, officially the City of Silay and often referred to as Silay City, is a second class city in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it had a total population of 120,999 people.[3] It is part of the metropolitan area called Metro Bacolod, which includes the cities of Bacolod and Talisay.[5] It has a sizable commercial and fishing port and is the site of the new Bacolod-Silay International Airport, which replaced the Bacolod City Domestic Airport.

Silay is often referred to as the "Paris of Negros"[6] due to its artists, cultural shows and large collection of perfectly preserved heritage houses. More than thirty of these houses have been declared as historical landmarks. Silay is the second Philippine city to have been declared a museum city, next to Vigan in Ilocos Sur.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

The appellation Silay is derived from the name of a tree which grew abundantly in the area. The Kansilay is the city's official tree.

The legend of Princess Kansilay[edit]

A local legend tells of how Silay City got its name. It is said that in the days of the datus and rajahs, there once lived a princess named Kansilay. An attack on the settlement by pirates was thwarted when the princess bravely led the people in the village's defense. The fight was furious and the princess fought like a seasoned warrior. Murals that used to grace some of the city's public buildings depict her as a fierce fighter wielding a huge talibong, a short native single-edged sword. The pirates were routed, but at the cost of the princess' life. Her paramour arrived in time to see her die. In grief, the people lovingly buried her. To their surprise, a tree grew right over her grave, the first Kansilay tree, a final gift from the brave princess.

History[edit]

Spanish colonization[edit]

Silay was first settled in 1565 under the name "Carobcob", which means "to scratch" in Kinaray-a; residents of the settlement relied upon harvesting tuway clams, which involved "scratching" (or raking) the sands for the mollusks at low tide, as a means of livelihood. In early writings, the settlement was also referred to as "Calubcub", "Caracol" and "Caraco".[7] The last two variations mean "snail" or a "spiral" in Spanish. Carobcob was built near the mouth of a creek; nothing is left of the village today. Carobcob was granted as an encomienda to Cristobal Nuñez Paroja, one of the seventeen soldiers of Miguel López de Legazpi on January 25, 1571.

In the second half of the century, Moro slave raiders escalated their incursions on the island, forcing the Corregidor of Negros to adopt the policy of flight rather than resistance. People left their homes sometime in 1760 and settled in a new location between two small rivers, Matagoy and Panaogao. A paloisades or estacada (Spanish for "fortification") was constructed to protect the populace from Moro raiders. The place is now known as Sitio Estaca, its name derived from the Spanish word estacada.

In 1760 Silay was recognized as a town being referred to in a letter from Governor Juan Jose de Mijares (1772–1775) mentioning Silay as a leading town in the north. In 1776, the bishop of Cebu considered Silay as the center of the parish. In 1760, it became a pueblo or town. By 1896, it had become a leading sugar-producing area because of the Horno Economico (sugar mill) built in 1846 by a Frenchman who became a permanent resident of Silay, Yves Leopold Germain Gaston.

Negros Revolution[edit]

Main article: Negros Revolution

With the outbreak of the Revolution of 1896 came a division between the sugarcane planters of Silay and the clergy. Some planters and clergy supported the rebels while others were against the revolution. On November 5, 1898 at about 2:00 in the afternoon, residents of Silay gathered in the street corner now known as Cinco de Noviembre Street and from there they proceeded to the Spanish garrison near the Catholic Church. The encounter was bloodless. The Spanish civil guard commander, Lt. Maximiano Correa, refused to surrender. After negotiations with the revolutionaries mediated by Juan Viaplana, a local Spaniard, the Spanish garrison did surrender. A Philippine flag was raised for the first time at the Silay plaza later that afternoon. Leandro Locsin became temporary president after the signing of the terms of surrender. Timoteo Unson and the group of Silay residents then marched south to join forces with some residents of Talisay for an attack on Bacolod.

World War II[edit]

On the slopes of Mt. Silay lies Patag, the site of the Japanese military's last stand in Western Visayas during World War II. In 1945, U.S. military forces landed in Negros Island. The occupying forces of the Nagano Detachment of the Imperial Japanese Army retreated to Silay and proceeded up Mt. Silay to Patag. There, they established a defensive position. Military forces of the Philippine Commonwealth and soldiers of the U.S. 40th Infantry Division proceeded up the slopes of Mt. Silay with help from Filipino soldiers of the 7th, 71st, 72nd and 75th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Negrosanon guerrilla fighters and defeated the Japanese defenders. Today, the site is marked by a monument dedicated to the efforts which led to the liberation of Negros Island.

Cultural and political aspects[edit]

Golez Heritage House

Silay City had been known in the past as the "Paris of Negros" and the "cultural and intellectual hub of Negros" due to the residents' love for knowledge and works of art, and its collection of heritage mansions built during the height of the Philippine sugar industry's success, of which Negros was the center. Most notable among these houses is Balay Negrense, the mansion of the son of the first Negrense sugar baron, Yves Leopold Germain Gaston.

Silay became a chartered city on June 12, 1957 by virtue of Republic Act 1621.

On June 7, 2003, Silay City became the first local government unit in the Republic of the Philippines to hold a referendum through a People's Initiative approving the 2003 annual executive budget.

Today, Silay City is listed by the Department of Tourism as one of its 25 tourist destinations in the Philippines. It is considered the seat of arts, culture and ecotourism in Western Visayas.

Barangays[edit]

Silay City is politically sub-divided into 16 barangays.[2]

  • Barangay I (Poblacion) (Urban Division)
  • Barangay II (Pob.) (Urban Division)
  • Barangay III (Pob.) (Urban Division)
  • Barangay IV (Pob.) (Urban Division)
  • Barangay V (Pob.) (Urban Division)
  • Barangay VI (Pob.) (Hawaiian) (Rural Division)
  • Eustaquio Lopez (Urban Division)
  • Guimbala-on (Rural Division)
  • Guinhalaran (Urban Division)
  • Kapitan Ramon (Rural Division)
  • Lantad (Urban Division)
  • Mambulac (Urban Division)
  • Rizal (Urban Division)
  • Bagtic (Rural Division)
  • Patag (Rural Division)
  • Balaring (Urban Division)

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Silay
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 101,031 —    
1995 122,748 +3.97%
2000 107,722 −2.58%
2007 120,365 +1.60%
2010 120,999 +0.18%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][8]

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

The Bacolod-Silay International Airport, serves Silay City and the City of Bacolod. The P4.37-billion airport is capable of handling all-weather and night-landing operations. Its 2,000-meter (6,600 ft.) long and 45-meter (148 ft.) wide primary runway, and 678-meter by 23-meter taxiways can accommodate Airbus A320 family-size aircraft, and the Boeing 737, while the apron can hold five aircraft at any one time. The runway runs in a direction of 03°/21°. Provisions for a 500-meter (1,600 ft) expansion of the present runway in order to accommodate even larger aircraft like the Airbus A330, Airbus A340 and Boeing 747 are in place.

Silay is 1 hour by air from Manila, 30 minutes by air from Cebu and 1 hour by air from Cagayan de Oro. Commercial airlines operating in the Bacolod-Silay International Airport are Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific Air, PAL Express, Zest Airways and South East Asian Airlines

Sister city[edit]

Silay City has been twinned with the following cities:

Local[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Negros Occidental". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  4. ^ http://www.negros-occ.gov.ph/about-negros-occidental/cities-and-municipalities/cities/silay-city.html
  5. ^ "Building Globally Competitive Metro Areas in the Philippines". Archived from the original on 5 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-16. 
  6. ^ "Silay City - Negros Occidental Provincial Government". Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  7. ^ Sa-onoy, Modesto (2006). Parroquia de San Diego. Today Printers and Publishers. p. 1. 
  8. ^ "Province of Negros Occidental". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Silay City celebrates Tourism Month". Philippine Information Services. 2008-09-02. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 

External links[edit]