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(Bengali: শিলচর Shilchôr)
|Elevation||22 m (72 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 (0) 3842|
Silchar (Pron: ˈsɪlˌʧə or ˈʃɪlˌʧə) (Bengali: শিলচর Shilchôr) is the headquarters of Cachar district in the state of Assam in India. It is 343 kilometres (213 mi) south east of Guwahati. It is the second largest town of the state in terms of population and municipal area.
During the British rule, ships were docked at the bank of the "River Barak" so a market developed at the bank and became a major place of economic activity. The bank was covered with stones to help dock ships and vessels, and the market developed at a place which was fully covered with stones. People started to refer to the place as "Shiler Chor", meaning a bank of stone. Gradually "Shiler Chor" became "Silchar" for linguistic simplification and, later on, British officials started to use "Silchar" in their official documents referring to the surrounding area of the market. "Silchar" became the official name of the place.
Approximately 90% residents of Silchar are Bengalis who speak the Sylheti dialect, the rest being Dimasa Kachari (Barman), Manipuri (Meitei), Marwaris, Bishnupriya Manipuris, Assamese and some tribal groups like Nagas. Silchar is situated by the banks of the Barak River in what is popularly known as Barak Valley. Rice is the staple cereal. Fish is also available. Shuţki (the local name for dried fish), shidal chutney, and chunga-r peetha are some of the local delicacies.
- 1 Economy
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Climate
- 5 Education
- 6 Connectivity
- 7 Railways
- 8 Roadways
- 9 Air Connectivity
- 10 History
- 11 Politics
- 12 Sports Facilities
- 13 Media
- 14 Tourism Attractions
- 15 Entertainment
- 16 Notable People
- 17 Gallery
- 18 See also
- 19 References
- 20 External links
Over the past few years, the town has seen an influx of people from nearby States and places due to the Silchar's increasing prospects and other developments in the field of Education, Medical facilities and the more recently booming real estate market and other commercial enterprises, making the town quite over-crowded.
Modern Buildings and Residential complex's dots silchar in every major area. The expansion of Silchar has lead to the creation of New-Silchar Locality. Further more satellite Township "SUN-CITY" has cropped up with Sarala Birlya Gayan Jyoti School. http://www.agsuncity.com/
Silchar is located in the southern part of Assam. Situated on the banks of the Barak River, it is a trade and processing centre for tea, rice and other agricultural products. There is limited industry, principally papermaking and tea-box manufacturing. The city has an airport and lies on both a rail head and national highways connecting to Guwahati, Assam; Agartala, Tripura; Imphal, Manipur and Aizawl in Mizoram state.
The area of Silchar town is 15.75 km2. It has an average elevation of 22 meters (72 feet).
As of 2011[update] India census, Silchar City has a population of around 172,710 of which males are 86,812 and females are 85,897, so maintaining the sex ratio of Silchar city is 989 per 1000 males i.e. way above the national ratio of 940. Silchar Metropolitan Areas( Including Ambicapur Part-X, Kanakpur I, Kanakpur Part-II, Silchar, Silchar Part-X, Silchar XI, Tarapur VII, Tarapur VIII, Uttar Krishnapur Part-I kalain katigorah) has population of 228,985 of which 115,443 are males and 113,542 are females. Silchar has an average literacy rate of 91.74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 93.97%, and female literacy is 89.50%. Total children (0-6) in Silchar city are 15,467 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 7,977 boys while 7,490 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 939 per 1000 boys, much lower than the overall sex ratio of 989, which is matter of concern because it indicates that recent trend has been more away from normalcy. Major religions followed are Hinduism & Islam.
At Silchar, the climate is tropical by nature. The wind generally blows from the northeast in the morning and from the southeast in the afternoon. Summer is hot, humid and interspersed with heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Winter generally starts towards the end of November and lasts till February. Towards the start of the Bengali month of Baishakh (mid-April) rain clouds start covering the skyline. Silchar is inundated frequently due to excessive rainfall and flooding by the River Barak. In the last three decades, Silchar and the Barak Valley have been ravaged by three major floods - one in 1986, followed by 1991 and in 2004.
Assam University, a central university, which imparts education in both the general as well as professional streams. The university, which came into existence in 1994, has 16 schools and 35 post-graduate departments under them. The university has 51 affiliated colleges under it.
- Colleges in silchar;
- Guru Charan College,
- Cachar College,
- Women's College,
- Ramanuj Gupta Memorial Junior College,
- Radhamadhab College,
- Vivekananda Commerce College,
- Silchar College etc.
- Medical college
- Silchar Medical College and Hospital, established in 1968,serving the southern regions of Assam. There is an Institute of Pharmacy attached to Silchar Medical College & Hospital.
- Engineering college
- NIT Silchar is one of the oldest engineering colleges in the region which was previously known as Regional Engineering College, Silchar.
- Silchar Polytechnic, Silchar
- Don Bosco School,
- Holy Cross School,
- South Point School,
- Silchar Collegiate School,
- Cachar High School,
- Hiran Prabha Deb Sishu Mandir
- Adhar Chand Higher Secondary School,
- Narsing higher secondary School,
- Govt. Boys higher secondary School,
- Govt. Girls higher secondary & multipurpose School,
- Muktashree High School,
- Pranabananda Holy Child School,
- Daffodils School, Maharishi Vidya Mandir,
- Pranabananda Vidya Mandir,
- Five Kendriya Vidyalayas (K.V. Silchar, Srikona, Masimpur, Kumbhirgram and NIT),
- Ramanuj Vidyamandir etc.
There is also a B.Ed colleges, two law colleges and one industrial training institute (ITI) in Silchar.
The connectivity of Silchar to other cities has long been a matter of concern. Silchar is connected by road, railways and air to the rest of the country.
It is connected by a meter gauge rail network to Lumding and Agartala which is currently being upgraded to broad gauge lines. Although the plan of up-gradation of the meter gauge network to Lumding had been planned many years back and was scheduled to be completed long back, this is still going on. As per latest updates, Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) says the project will be completed by 2015, but in reality it seems doubtful due to too slow work progress. The railway station is in Tarapur, Silchar. The other nearby places connected by railways are Karimganj, Hailakandi, Jiribam and Vairobi.
Regular bus services connect it with Guwahati, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Shillong, Aizawl, Agartala and other places. However during the rainy seasons, heavy rains along the Silchar-Shillong-Guwahati route, particularly the road between Shillong and Silchar,(via kalain) cause frequent landslides which brings communication to a standstill. Although there have been plans to have a permanent solution to this problem, by constructing retaining walls, but nothing much has been done so far. Many believe that the connectivity issues have had a bad impact on the overall development of Silchar. New Inter State Bus and Truck Terminuses have been recently constructed. The under construction east - west corridor will connect Silchar in the east with Saurashtra in the west.
The airport is located at Kumbhirgram, about 22 km from Silchar and there are regular flights connecting Silchar with Kolkata, Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat, Agartala and Imphal. The airport is being mordernised and is considered the fourth-busiest in north eastern India after Guwahati, Imphal and Agartala in terms of flight movements. Silchar has been selected as one of the towns for the construction of 51 low cost airports across the country recently 
Cachar district records
In the 1850s, British tea planters re-discovered the game polo in Manipur on the Burmese border with India. The first polo club in the world was formed at Silchar. The first competitive modern form of polo was played in Silchar; the plaque for this feat still stands behind the District Library, Silchar.
The Assam Bengal Railway brought Silchar into the Indian railway map in 1899. The railway line from Lumding to Silchar is hailed as one of the most exciting pristine railway tracks of India. Built by the British during the colonial rule, the meter gauge line stands testimony to the grandiose of what was once a highly popular city in the North-East.
Silchar saw one of the uprisings in favour of the Bengali language. When the Assam government, under Chief Minister Bimala Prasad Chaliha, passed a circular to make Assamese mandatory, Bengalis of Barak Valley protested. On 19 May 1961, when Assam police opened fire on unarmed protesters at Silchar Railway Station, 11 agitators died. After the popular revolt, the Assam government had to withdraw the circular and Bengali was ultimately given official status in the three districts of Barak Valley.
- Satindra Mohan Dev Stadium, Silchar - A multipurpose stadium located at the heart of the town. Some Ranji Trophy and Duleep trophy matches have been played in this ground. It also hosted I-League 2nd Division matches.
Doordarshan, DD Silchar.
- Dainik Jugasankha (Bengali daily)Web edition
- Dainik Prantajyoti (Bengali daily) Web edition
- Samayik Prasanga (Bengali daily) Web edition
- Janakantha (Bengali daily)
- Eastern Chronicle (English daily)
- The Sentinel (English Daily)
- Khaspur:20 k.m. from Silchar stands the ruin of a great capital of historical time and importance. Khaspur was the capital of the “Kachari Kings” and its construction was completed in 1690 AD. The main attractions are the Lion Gate, the Sun Gate and aged old kings temple. The original palace is in a state of non-existence, but its subsidiaries, the main entrance gate, the `Suryadwar`; `Debalaya` are still there intact. The entrances are of elephant-patterns.
- Bhubaneshwar Temple:It is the most celebrated temple of Lord Shiva in the entire South Assam. The Bhubeneswar temple situates at a distance of about 50 k.m. from Silchar and is located on the top the Bhuvan hill. This is a place of pilgrimage and during the festival of Shivaratri, thousand of Shivayats march towards the hill top to worship Lord Shiva. This temple by its geographical location attracts a lot of hikers as there are no motor roads to reach the hill top. One has to hike at least 17 k.m. from the plains to the temple.
- Iskcon Temple :It is lord krishna temple
- Kancha Kanti Kali Mandir:Located at a distance of 17 k.m. from Silchar stands the historical & most celebrated temple of South Assam, i.e. the temple of Mother Goddess “Kachakanti”. She is said to be amalgamation of 2 powerful Hindu deity, i.e. mother DURGA & mother KALI. The original temple was built in the year 1806 AD by the then Kachari king. Human sacrifices were offered to the Goddess till 1818 AD. The Old temple however is ruined now, and is replaced by new temple.
- Gandhibag Park:It is located in centre of silchar city
- Maniharan Tunnel:Maniharan Tunnel is a popular pilgrim spot about 5 km from Bhubaneswar temple. As per legends, this tunnel was once used by Lord Krishna. The holy River Tribeni flows beneath this tunnel. Maniharan temple, dedicated to Lord Krishna, is situated in the premises of this tunnel.
The town has three cinema halls - Devdoot, Oriental and Gold Digital Cinema.
Multiplex chain Eylex is currently constructing a 2 screen multiplex at the Goldighee Shopping Mall. The Goldighee Shopping Mall is a prominent shopping and entertainment arcade which has a number of eateries as well as supermarket chains such as Big Bazaar.
Entertainment Plaza is another attraction which houses the Gold Digital Cinema, a multi-cuisine vegetarian restaurent as well as a games parlour and a bowling alley.
- Arun Kumar Chanda [Freedom Fighter]
- Ullaskar Dutta [Freedom Fighter]
- Santosh Mohan Dev [Politician]
- Debojit Saha [Singer]
- "APCC member for nomination of Gaurav Gogoi from Barak Valley". The Sentinel, Assam. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "Silchar (India) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- Location of Silchar
- Maps, Weather, and Airports for Silchar, India
- Assam University Homepage
- "TRAFFIC STATISTICS - DOMESTIC AIRCRAFT MOVEMENTS". Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- Times of India, Online Edition
- The Telegraph, Calcutta, India
- Sentinel, Assam
- "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Silchar.|
- Official governmental site of Silchar
- NIT, Silchar
- Assam University, Silchar
- Guru Charan College, Silchar
- Cachar College, Silchar
- Silchar Medical College & Hospital, Silchar
- Radhamadhab College, Silchar
- Web Portal on Silchar