Şile

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See River Sile for the river in Italy
Síle is also a girl's name in Irish, usually anglicized as Sheila.
Şile
district
Panoramic view on Şile
Panoramic view on Şile
Location of Şile in Istanbul
Location of Şile in Istanbul
Şile is located in Turkey
Şile
Şile
Location of Şile in Istanbul
Coordinates: 41°10′35″N 29°36′46″E / 41.17639°N 29.61278°E / 41.17639; 29.61278Coordinates: 41°10′35″N 29°36′46″E / 41.17639°N 29.61278°E / 41.17639; 29.61278
Country Turkey
City Istanbul
Government
 • Mayor Can Tabakoğlu (AKP)
 • Governor Şükrü Görücü
Area[1]
 • District 915.58 km2 (353.51 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 13,260
 • District 30,218
 • District density 33/km2 (85/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) 0-216
Website www.sile.bel.tr www.sile.gov.tr

Şile is a small town on the Black Sea, 70 km from the city of Istanbul, Turkey. Şile is a municipality and is the center of the eponym district of Istanbul. According to the 2007 census, the population of the district was 25,169, of which 9,831 lived in the city of Şile, 2,096 in the nearby town of Ağva (Yeşilçay) and 13,242 in surrounding villages.[3] However, between June and September, the population rapidly increases because of the many residents of Istanbul who have summer houses in Şile.

The district of Şile is part of the province (il) of Istanbul, and the municipality of Şile is part of the metropolitan government (büyükşehir belediyesi) of Istanbul. Bordering Şile are the province of Kocaeli (districts of Gebze, Körfez, Derince, Kandıra) to the east and south, and the province of Istanbul districts of Pendik to the south, Çekmeköy to the southwest, and Beykoz to the west.[4] The boundaries of Şile were expanded by the addition of the village of Esenceli from Beykoz district in 1987.[citation needed] Şile consists of Şile, Yeşilvadi and Teke subdistricts, and 58 villages.[citation needed] The mayor is Can Tabakoğlu (AKP). Popular resort Ağva is also a part of Şile.

History[edit]

Historic lighthouse Şile Feneri

The word şile means marjoram in Turkish.[5] The word's etymology is said to be Greek.[6]

There has been a fishing village here since 700 BC and a lighthouse since the Ottoman period. Today, Şile is a beach resort, popular with people who want a resort atmosphere without having to go to the expense of travelling to the Mediterranean Sea. Şile is about an hour's drive from the city and was always a retreat from the city. During Turkey's economic boom of the 1990s, a great many summer homes and holiday villages were built for the city's middle class, especially after the 1999 earthquake damaged the Marmara coast. There is a small but sandy beach, a little harbour of fishing boats, dense forest behind and a quiet pleasant atmosphere during the week. At weekends though, and especially on a hot summer Sunday Şile is crowded with day-trippers from the poorer districts of the city, who come packed into minibuses and vans to picnic and play football. There are a number of bars and restaurants with sea views, especially in the little park around the lighthouse.

Features[edit]

Hüseyin Keçici Mosque

Şile is famous for its beaches. However, it is at the northernmost point of Istanbul and thus shares the same sea conditions as other Black Sea towns where strong sea undercurrents can be dangerous to inexperienced swimmers. There is insufficient danger warning and people drown here regularly.[citation needed] The north-facing Black Sea has a much shorter holiday season than the Aegean, the Mediterranean or even the Marmara, due to the cold winters.

The tomb of a Muslim saint, Kum Baba, is on a tree-covered hill above Şile.[citation needed] Along the coast near Şile in the village of Kızılcaköy is a cave said to be the scene of events in the Anabasis of Xenophon, although this is probably untrue.[citation needed]

Şile is also known for Şile cloth, a crimped-looking, light, see-through cotton fabric, made on the Şile coast, sold in many shops in the town and sent to the bazaars of Istanbul. There is a fair to promote Şile cloth in the town held every summer.

The largest campus of Işık University is located in Şile.

Transport[edit]

Şile is a part of Istanbul public transport system (İETT). There is a bus from Harem via Üsküdar (located at the Anatolian side of Istanbul) to Şile (İETT Lines 139 and 139A).

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Şile is twinned with:

References[edit]

  • Hürel, Haldun. Semtleri, Mahalleri, Caddeleri ve Sokakları A'dan Z'ye İstanbul'un Alfabetik Öyküsü. İstanbul, 2008. ISBN 978-975-999-290-3.
  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Şile Kaymakamlığı (Şile District Governor). Nüfus Durumu (Population Status). Web: [1] Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  4. ^ İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi (Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality). İstanbul Şehir Rehberi (Istanbul City Guide). Web: [2] Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  5. ^ Türk Dil Kurumu. Büyük Türkçe Sözlük (Large Turkish Dictionary). http://tdkterim.gov.tr/bts/?kategori=verilst&kelime=%FEile Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  6. ^ Hürel, page 301.

External links[edit]