Silent Aircraft Initiative
The Silent Aircraft Initiative is a study being undertaken by the Cambridge-MIT Institute to discover ways to reduce aircraft noise dramatically, to the point where it would be virtually unnoticeable to people outside the airport perimeter. Launched in November 2003, the program has the support of Rolls-Royce, Boeing and Marshall Aerospace. Part of the study is examining if a steeper continuous descent into an airport will reduce approach noise levels. Theoretical analysis will be backed up by field trials using real jetliners.
A major part of the study is developing jetliner and engine designs that can meet the SAI objectives. The favoured configuration is a blended wing design, with the engines located on the upper surface of the wing, to shield ground observers from the engine noise. A very low specific thrust (i.e. very high bypass ratio) turbofan is proposed for the aircraft. Engine handling and low jet noise are facilitated by the use of a variable area final nozzle, to rematch the fan. Acoustic treatment in the intake and exhaust ducting minimizes turbomachinery noise. Because the blended wing is too shallow to accommodate twin engines, a four-engine configuration is proposed.
- SAI Quiet Supersonic Transport, a silent business jet