Silistra Eyalet

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Eyalet-i Silistra
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

1593–1864
Location of Silistra Eyalet
Silistra Eyalet in 1609
Capital Silistra[1] and Özi
44°7′N 27°16′E / 44.117°N 27.267°E / 44.117; 27.267Coordinates: 44°7′N 27°16′E / 44.117°N 27.267°E / 44.117; 27.267
History
 -  Established 1593
 -  Disestablished 1864
Area
 -  1856[2] 94,858 km2 (36,625 sq mi)
Today part of Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Ukraine

The Eyalet of Silistra[3] (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت سیلیستره; Eyālet-i Sīlīstrê),[4] later known as Özü Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت اوزی; Eyālet-i Ȫzī)[4] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire along the Black Sea littoral and south bank of the Danube River in southeastern Europe. The fortress of Akkerman was under the eyalet's jurisdiction.[5] Its reported area in the 19th century was 27,469 square miles (71,140 km2).[6]

History[edit]

The Eyalet of Silistra was formed in 1593 as beylerbeylik of Özi[7] from territory of the former Principality of Karvuna, later Dobruja, Silistra was originally the Silistra Sanjak of Rumelia Eyalet.

Around 1599, it was expanded and raised to the level of an eyalet likely as a benefit to its first governor-general (beylerbeyi), the khan of Crimea. It was centered on the regions of Dobruja, Budjak (Ottoman Bessarabia), and Yedisan and included the towns of Varna, Kustendja (Constanța), Akkerman (Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyi), and Khadjibey (Odessa) with its capital at the fortresses of Silistra (now in Bulgaria) or Özi (now Ochakiv in Ukraine).

In the 17th century, Silistra Eyalet was expanded to the south and west to include most of modern Bulgaria and European Turkey including the towns of Adrianople (Edirne), Filibe (Plovdiv), and Vidin. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, a series of Russo-Turkish Wars truncated the eyalet in the east with Russia eventually annexing all of Yedisan and Budjak to the Danube by 1812.

Edirne Eyalet was constituted from south of Silistra Eyalet in 1830. With Ottoman administrative reforms of 1864 the Silistra Eyalet was reconstituted as the Danube Vilayet.

Administrative division[edit]

According to Sancak Tevcih Defteri, eyalet consisted of eight sanjaks between 1700 and 1730 as follows:[8]
  1. Sanjak of Özi (Pașa Sancağı , Dnieper), centered at Özi-Cale (Ochakiv)
  2. Sanjak of Silistre (Silistra)
  3. Sanjak of Vidin (Vidin)
  4. Sanjak of Niğbolu (Nikopoli)
  5. Sanjak of Kırk Kilise (Kırklareli)
  6. Sanjak of Çirmen (Ormenio)
  7. Sanjak of Vize (Vize)
  8. Sanjak of Tağan Geçidi (until 1699)
Sanjaks in the early 19th century:[9]
  1. Sanjak of Nikopoli
  2. Sanjak of Çirmen (after 1829, its capital was Edirne)
  3. Sanjak of Vize
  4. Sanjak of Kırk Kilise
  5. Sanjak of Akkerman, which was only a military command in Bilhorod (Akkerman) in the Budzhak
  6. Sanjak of Widdin

Beylerbeys[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Macgregor (1850). Commercial statistics: A digest of the productive resources, commercial legislation, customs tariffs, of all nations. Including all British commercial treaties with foreign states. Whittaker and co. p. 12. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  2. ^ Thomas Baldwin (of Philadelphia.) (1856). Lippincott's Pronouncing Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World .... J.B. Lippincott. p. 1968. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  3. ^ Charles Knight (1867). The English Cyclopaedia: Geography. Bradbury, Evans. p. 111. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Conrad Malte-Brun; Adriano Balbi (1842). System of universal geography, founded on the works of Malte-Burn and Balbi.... Adam and Charles Black. p. 607. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  6. ^ The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon. Blackie. 1862. p. 698. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  7. ^ Nejat Göyünç, Osmanlı Devleti'nde Tașra Teșkilâtı (Tanzimat'a Kadar), Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teșkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 78. (Turkish)
  8. ^ Orhan Kılıç, XVII. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısında Osmanlı Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Teșkilatlanması, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teșkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, pp. 92-93. (Turkish)
  9. ^ George Long (1843). The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge: v. 1-27. C. Knight. p. 393. Retrieved 2013-06-02.