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Eyalet of Silistra ( [3 ] Ottoman Turkish: ایالت سیلیستره; Eyālet-i Sīlīstrê), later known as [4 ] Özü Eyalet ( Ottoman Turkish: ایالت اوزی; Eyālet-i Ȫzī) was an [4 ] of the eyalet Ottoman Empire along the Black Sea littoral and south bank of the Danube River in southeastern Europe. The fortress of Belgrade was under the eyalet's jurisdiction. Its reported area in the 19th century was 27,469 square miles (71,140 km [5 ] 2). [6 ]
History [ edit ]
The Eyalet of Silistra was formed in 1593 as
beylerbeylik of Özi from territory of the former [7 ] Principality of Karvuna, later Dobruja, Silistra was originally the Silistra Sanjak of Rumelia Eyalet.
Around 1599, it was expanded and raised to the level of an eyalet likely as a benefit to its first governor-general (
beylerbeyi), the khan of Crimea. It was centered on the regions of Dobruja, Budjak (Ottoman Bessarabia), and Yedisan and included the towns of Varna, Kustendja (Constanța), Akkerman (Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyi), and Khadjibey (Odessa) with its capital at the fortresses of Silistra (now in Bulgaria) or Özi (now Ochakiv in Ukraine).
In the 17th century, Silistra Eyalet was expanded to the south and west to include most of modern
Bulgaria and European Turkey including the towns of Adrianople (Edirne), Filibe (Plovdiv), and Vidin. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, a series of Russo-Turkish Wars truncated the eyalet in the east with Russia eventually annexing all of Yedisan and Budjak to the Danube by 1812.
Edirne Eyalet was constituted from south of Silistra Eyalet in 1830. With Ottoman administrative reforms of 1864 the Silistra Eyalet was reconstituted as the Danube Vilayet.
Administrative division [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ John Macgregor (1850). . Whittaker and co. p. 12 Commercial statistics: A digest of the productive resources, commercial legislation, customs tariffs, of all nations. Including all British commercial treaties with foreign states . Retrieved 2013-06-02.
^ Thomas Baldwin (of Philadelphia.) (1856). . J.B. Lippincott. p. 1968 Lippincott's Pronouncing Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World ... . Retrieved 2013-06-02.
^ Charles Knight (1867). . Bradbury, Evans. p. 111 The English Cyclopaedia: Geography . Retrieved 2013-06-02.
^ a b "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de . Retrieved 25 February 2013.
^ Conrad Malte-Brun; Adriano Balbi (1842). . Adam and Charles Black. p. 607 System of universal geography, founded on the works of Malte-Burn and Balbi... . Retrieved 2013-06-02.
^ . Blackie. 1862. p. 698 The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon . Retrieved 2013-06-02.
^ Nejat Göyünç, Osmanlı Devleti'nde Tașra Teșkilâtı (Tanzimat'a Kadar), Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teșkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 78. (Turkish)
^ Orhan Kılıç, XVII. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısında Osmanlı Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Teșkilatlanması, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teșkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, pp. 92-93. (Turkish)
^ George Long (1843). . C. Knight. p. 393 The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge: v. 1-27 . Retrieved 2013-06-02.