Silloth

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Silloth
Silloth-on-Solway
Criffel Street, Silloth.jpg
Criffel Street, Silloth
Silloth is located in Cumbria
Silloth
Silloth
 Silloth shown within Cumbria
Population 2,932 (2001)
OS grid reference NY113536
Civil parish Silloth on Solway
District Allerdale
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIGTON
Postcode district CA7
Dialling code 016973
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Workington
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°52′08″N 3°22′52″W / 54.869°N 3.381°W / 54.869; -3.381

Silloth (sometimes known as Silloth-on-Solway) is a port town and civil parish in Cumbria, England. It sits on the shoreline of the Solway Firth, 22 miles (35 km) west of Carlisle. It has a population of 2,932.[1]

Historically a part of Cumberland, the town is one of the finest examples of a Victorian seaside resort in the North of England. Silloth developed in the 1860s around the terminus of a railway from Carlisle which had begun construction in 1855. For the first time, workers from the factories of Carlisle were presented with affordable access to the seaside and the town flourished as a destination for day trippers. The town reached the peak of its popularity in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Recent years have seen a great deal of development with many of the sea facing properties having received facelifts. The main central attraction is a large expansive green that is utilised throughout the year to host various events and activities.

Etymology[edit]

'Silloth' means "'sea barn(s)', v. 'sǣ hlaða'." [2] (The first word is Old English, the second is Old Norse).

Churches[edit]

Silloth's largest church is Christ Church, which is situated on Criffel Street and was completed in 1870.[3] Several other churches and chapels of various denominations are also located within the town or its outskirts.

Industry[edit]

Port of Silloth

One of the busiest ports in Cumbria, Silloth is owned and operated by Associated British Ports. The main cargoes are wheat, fertiliser, molasses, forest products and general cargo.[4]

Carrs Flour Mill

An example of a Victorian flour mill, the building was constructed adjacent to the New Dock in 1887. Carr's flour mill is an operating mill which supplies flour to a number of food manufacturers such as United Biscuits,[5] Warburton's Bread and several other leading bakeries and confectioners.

Agriculture

Farming of livestock, mainly sheep, beef and dairy cattle, takes up most of the surrounding landscape.

Tourism

There are a number of static and touring caravan and camping parks in the town and surrounding area.

Derwent Brewery

The town has a small brewery which produces traditional ales for the guest beer market. It recreates traditional ales brewed to the original recipes. A range of 20 beers are produced; some are available in the Albion and Silloth Social Club.

Many small businesses can also be found located on the former Second World War airfield and associated buildings.

Notable people[edit]

Professional footballer Andy Hardman grew up in Silloth, currently playing for Workington Reds, he previously starred for Carlisle Utd.

James Wasdale Brough

Born in Silloth in 1903, Jim Brough played rugby union for Silloth and England. He played in the Cumberland side that won the county championship in 1924 and made his international debut against New Zealand in January 1925. He switched codes and played rugby league for Leeds and Great Britain, captaining the national side in 1936. As a coach, he took Workington Town to two finals in 1955 and 1958 before coaching the Great Britain touring team, which became the most successful touring side and the only touring team to score over 1000 points. In 2005, Silloth RUFC renamed their ground in his honour.

Charlotte Cecilia Pitcairn Leitch

Cecil Leitch was born in Silloth in 1891. Self-taught golfer, she won four British Ladies amateurs between 1914 and 1926.This total would have been greater had her career not been interrupted by the War. In total she won 12 national titles, 5 French Amateur Ladies and one Canadian Women's Amateur before retiring in 1927. During her playing career, she was one of the leading ladies in the sport and transformed the way that the game was played by women.

Flying Officer Albert Bosward DFC

Albert Bosward became a Commissioned Pilot Officer in 1942 and was promoted to Flying Officer on 17 October 1943. He flew 4 engine Lancasters with 9 Squadron and took part in a number of raids over Germany and France. On 11/12 September 1944, the squadron went to Archangel in Russia in order to attack the German battleship Tirpitz which was sheltering in a Norwegian fjord. Bosward took part in the raids in which the battleship was damaged but not sunk. It was later sunk by the RAF on 12 November 1944. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) on 14 November 1944 for his part in the Tirpitz raid.

Jimmy "Pongo" Wareing

Jimmy Wareing was born in Silloth in 1917 and played rugby union for Silloth and Cumberland before the War. He served in the British army during WWII and was evacuated from Dunkirk on the SS Manxman. In 1943, he graduated from Sandhurst as a lieutenant and joined the Buffs to command a group of flame throwing tanks which took part in the Allied advance from Caen to Calais. In September 1946, he joined Workington Town rugby league team playing 189 games for the team and scoring 20 tries and 14 goals. Wareing appeared at Wembley in 1952 when Workington Town beat Featherstone Rovers in the Challenge Cup final. He also played in the Championship final of 1951 when Town beat Warrington 26-11.

Tourism[edit]

Tourism is a major economic player in Silloth, with dozens of large and small static and touring caravan parks located within a ten mile (16 km) radius of the town centre. This is responsible for the tremendous growth in the population on most days throughout the summer months. Although a couple of these parks are somewhat self-contained they still rely heavily on the town for support and infrastructure such as post office, doctor's surgery, chemist, newsagent's, mini supermarkets, hardware, spares and consumables, cafes, chip shops, sandwich bars and pubs. Silloth also plays host to several small annual events held on the town green. These include a beer festival [6] held in September, its steam rally, kite and food festivals. By far the town's largest annual event is Solfest.[7] The Solway Music Festival (Solfest) is Cumbria's biggest four day live music festival with a maximum attendance in 2008. Situated just outside the town, Solfest has been running since 2004 and now regularly attracts crowds of over 10,000 every August bank holiday weekend, with its eclectic mix of music, site art and cabaret performers and the friendly atmosphere which resulted in it rocketing the town firmly back into national awareness by winning the "Best Family Friendly Festival" award in the 2007 UK Festival Awards (the only Cumbrian festival ever to win an award). Solfest[8] has also been credited by Cumbria Tourist Board for introducing a younger generation of tourists to Silloth and in doing so has greatly boosted the future of tourism in the town. Amenities include a championship golf course ranked amongst the country's top fifty courses,[9] several hotels and bed and breakfasts, public houses, tea rooms and eateries.

Silloth also prides itself in its coastline along the Solway Firth which has been described in one of the country's leading sea fishing publications, Total Sea Angling, as having the best flatfish fishing coastline in the country, with over 20 miles (32 km) of beach and promenade to choose from. Bait and equipment are also available locally. Wind and kite surfing are also popular along the coast at Allonby, 8 miles (13 km) from Silloth town centre.

Communications[edit]

Railway[edit]

The railway came to Silloth in 1856, passing through the villages of Kirkbride and Abbeytown to Carlisle. The railway provided quick access to the town for tourists, but was closed as part of the Beeching cuts in 1964.[10]

Road[edit]

Silloth is on the B5302 road, which leads to the A596 and the town of Wigton, 12 miles (19 km) away. The B5300 connects the town to Maryport, 13 miles (21 km) away.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Allerdale Retrieved 30 October 2010
  2. ^ Armstrong, A. M.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F. M.; Dickens, B. (1950). The place-names of Cumberland. English Place-Name Society, vol.xx. Part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 293–4. 
  3. ^ Silloth - Christ Church
  4. ^ Associated British Ports
  5. ^ The Cumberland News
  6. ^ "Home | Silloth Music and Beer Festival 2013". Sillothbeerfestival.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-31. 
  7. ^ Yurts and Squrts, . "Solfest Music Festival 2013 UK | Summer Music Festivals in England". Solwayfestival.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-31. 
  8. ^ Yurts and Squrts, . "Solfest Music Festival 2013 UK | Summer Music Festivals in England". Solwayfestival.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-31. 
  9. ^ "Silloth Golf Club". Silloth Golf Club. 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2013-05-31. 
  10. ^ Carlisle & Silloth Railway

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.