Silphium (genus)

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This article is about the plant genus. For the extinct ancient plant, see Silphium.
Silphium integrifolium compressed.JPG
Silphium integrifolium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Heliantheae
Genus: Silphium
L. (1753)
Type species
Silphium asteriscus

See text. Sources: ING,[1] ITIS,[2] IPNI,[3] UniProt[4]

Silphium is a genus of about 20 species of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, native to eastern North America. Members of the genus, commonly known as rosinweeds, are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 0.5–4 m tall, with yellow (rarely white) flowerheads. The name of the genus comes from the Ancient Greek word for a North African plant whose identity has been lost, though it is known its gum or juice was prized by the ancients as a medicine and a condiment.[5]


Sources: FNA,[6] IPNI,[7] NRCS,[8] GRIN,[9] ITIS,[2] UniProt[4]

Formerly placed here[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Silphium". Index Nominum Genericorum. International Association for Plant Taxonomy. 1996-02-09. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Silphium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  3. ^ International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search Results" (HTML). International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  4. ^ a b UniProt. "Silphium" (HTML). Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  5. ^ "Silphium". Flora of North America. 
  6. ^ Clevinger, Jennifer A. "269. Silphium Linnaeus". Flora of North America (New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press) 21: Page 65, 77, 157. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  7. ^ International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search". International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  8. ^ "Silphium". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  9. ^ a b Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). "GRIN Species Records of Silphium". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 

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