Silver Cliff, Colorado

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Town of Silver Cliff, Colorado
Town
Location in Custer County and the state of Colorado
Location in Custer County and the state of Colorado
Coordinates: 38°8′11″N 105°26′22″W / 38.13639°N 105.43944°W / 38.13639; -105.43944Coordinates: 38°8′11″N 105°26′22″W / 38.13639°N 105.43944°W / 38.13639; -105.43944
Country  United States
State  Colorado
County[1] Custer County
Incorporated February 10, 1879[2]
Government
 • Type Statutory Town[1]
Area
 • Total 15.5 sq mi (40.1 km2)
 • Land 15.5 sq mi (40.1 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[3] 7,986 ft (2,434 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 587
 • Density 38/sq mi (14.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 81252
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-70250
GNIS feature ID 0192157
Website silvercliffco.com

Silver Cliff is a Statutory Town that is the most populous town in Custer County, Colorado, United States. The population was 587 at the 2010 census,[4] up from 512 in 2000.

History[edit]

Corner of Main & Mill streets, from Robert N. Dennis collection of stereoscopic views 1870?-1900?

Silver Cliff was formed in the late 1870s to house the miners of its namesake, the Silver Cliff mine, and other silver mines in the neighborhood, such as the Bull-Domingo. The town, incorporated in 1879, had 5,040 residents by the 1880 census, making it the third most populous town in Colorado, after Denver and Leadville.

Silver Cliff was the county seat from 1886 (when the town won the seat from Rosita) to 1928 (when the seat moved to nearby Westcliffe).

The Silver Cliff mine, also known as the Geyser mine, is on the hill immediately north of the town. Although a large operation that employed many residents of Silver Cliff, the mine was the unfortunate object of eastern stock manipulators. Shares in the Silver Cliff mine were promoted in 1879 by James R. Keene, a famous New York stock operator. The company went bankrupt within a few years, and was sold to the Julianna Mining Company, which was run by an even more unscrupulous stock promoter, Dr. Richard C. Flower of Boston. The Julianna company went bankrupt in 1888. The shareholders rescued the company and renamed it the Geyser Mining Company. Although Flower withdrew from the management, the Geyser Mining Company continued to be run by some of Flower's cronies, so it should not be a surprise that the mine never made a profit. At one time the Geyser mine was the deepest mine in Colorado.[5]

Geography[edit]

Silver Cliff is located near the geographic center of Custer County at 38°8′11″N 105°26′22″W / 38.13639°N 105.43944°W / 38.13639; -105.43944 (38.136432, -105.439492).[6] The town of Westcliffe is immediately adjacent to its west. The town is 54 miles (87 km) west of Pueblo, via Colorado State Highway 96.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Silver Cliff has a total area of 15.5 square miles (40.1 km2), all of it land.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 5,040
1890 546 −89.2%
1900 576 5.5%
1910 250 −56.6%
1920 241 −3.6%
1930 201 −16.6%
1940 309 53.7%
1950 217 −29.8%
1960 153 −29.5%
1970 126 −17.6%
1980 280 122.2%
1990 322 15.0%
2000 512 59.0%
2010 587 14.6%

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 512 people, 217 households, and 141 families residing in the town. The population density was 32.8 people per square mile (12.7/km²). There were 284 housing units at an average density of 18.2 per square mile (7.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.51% White, 0.20% African American, 2.73% Native American, 0.59% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.95% of the population.

There were 217 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $32,917. Males had a median income of $26,389 versus $17,109 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,899. About 16.7% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.

Silver Cliff Cemetery[edit]

Just outside of the town of Silver Cliff is Silver Cliff Cemetery, established in the early 1880s. It has been known for the mysterious lights that float around the cemetery at night.[8][9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Silver Cliff town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  5. ^ Dan Plazak (2006) A Hole in the Ground with a Liar at the Top, ISBN 978-0-87480-840-7
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Rocky Mountain Memories, Oct 05, 1986". The Rocky Mountain News. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  9. ^ National Geographic 136 (2). August 1969. 
  10. ^ "Silver Cliff Cemetery". Retrieved 26 June 2012. 

External links[edit]