Silvi

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Silvi
Comune
Comune di Silvi
Coat of arms of Silvi
Coat of arms
Silvi is located in Italy
Silvi
Silvi
Location of Silvi in Italy
Coordinates: 42°33′N 14°7′E / 42.550°N 14.117°E / 42.550; 14.117
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province Teramo (TE)
Frazioni Pianacce, San Silvestre, Santo Stefano, Silvi Paese, Silvi Marina
Government
 • Mayor Gaetano Vallescura
Area
 • Total 20.6 km2 (8.0 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 2 m (7 ft)
Population (31 December 2006)[2]
 • Total 15,264
 • Density 740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym Silvaroli
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 64028 Silvi Paese, 64029 Silvi Marina, 64030 San Silvestre
Dialing code 085
Patron saint Saint Leo
Website Official website

Silvi is an Italian comune in the province of Teramo, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) north of Pescara, in the Abruzzo region of central Italy. It stretches from Silvi Marina, a small seaside resort on the Adriatic Coast, to Silvi Paese up in the hills.

History[edit]

Silvi is closely tied to Atri’s history, being only a short distance away. In the 13th and 14th centuries Silvi was a main cog of a coastal defense system based on day and night signals through fires and smoke to alert the government in Naples of the frequent landings of Turks and pirates. Through a series of mirrors, fire and smoke signals, these coastal defenses could relay information that could be received in Naples (capital of the Kingdom) in mere hours.

In the 14th century the medieval borough of Castrum Silvi, as it was known, became a fiefdom of the abbey of San Giovanni in Venere (located kilometers away, in what is now the province of Chieti), then passed to the jurisdiction of the Acquaviva family of Atri. At the time Silvi Marina was a small poor port of fishermen. Silvi remained a fiefdom of Atri until the arrival of Napoleon in Italy and who in 1806 abolished feudalism.

By 1863 the building of the coastal railway and the station at the coast helped the development of the "Marina" part of Silvi, which little by little took over the government and administration, thanks mostly to investments in the tourist sector. In 1931 the municipal seat was moved from Silvi Paese to Silvi Marina, which within a few years turned into an important seaside resort, becoming the administrative center of all the territory, from the coast to the surrounding hills.

Main sights[edit]

  • The Belvedere of Silvi Paese, perched on top of a hill, 250 metres (820 ft) above sea level, which duplicates the once defensive garrison against the Saracens and offers a spectacular sight on the whole Central Adriatic, sweeping from the Croatian coast to Monte Conero (N) and the Tremiti Islands (S) on a clear day.
  • Church of San Salvatore, in Silvi Paese, with a bell-tower, dating from the 13th century
  • Torre di Cerrano at the ancient harbor of Atri and Silvi. Located on the beach between Silvi Marina and Pineto, it was developed when Atri abandoned the Vomano harbor. It is named for the Fosso Cerrano, a gully which runs along the sides of the hill down towards the sea. It served as a watch tower for Turkish invaders. Today the tower houses a marine biology station for the central Adriatic area
  • Fashionable villas of the late 19th to early 20th centuries after the railroad was developed

Culture[edit]

Fosso Concio, which was known as "Concio della Liquirizia" (from the word "acconciare" which means prepare in Abruzzese dialect) because it was here where the roots of the plant, which grew wild and copiously along the hillsides of the Piomba and the Vomano Rivers, were harvested gives rise to its licorice manufacturing industry - known throughout Italy and Europe - with Saila Liquirizia (now part of LEAF Italia spa) and products of Aurelio Menozzi & De Rosa Company. Licorice root has been popular in the Abruzzo region for centuries.

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2 metres above mean sea level is the elevation given for the casa comunale (town hall) by comuni-italiani.it. The area of Silvi Marina is typically 5 m above mean sea level and that of Silvi Paese 240 m. The minimum elevation across the territory of the commune is sea level; the maximum is 286 m.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

See also[edit]