Sima (Chinese surname)

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Sima
司馬姓 - 楷体.svg
Pronunciation Sīmǎ (Pinyin)
Su-má (Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
Language(s) Chinese
Origin
Language(s) Chinese language
Word/Name One of the offices of the Zhou Dynasty's Three Excellencies
Meaning horse master
Other names
Variant(s) Sima (Mandarin)
Suma (Hokkien)

Sima (simplified Chinese: 司马; traditional Chinese: 司馬; pinyin: Sīmǎ; Wade–Giles: Ssu-ma) is a Chinese family name. Unlike most single-character Chinese family names, it is one of the rare two-character family names. It is an occupation name, literally meaning "control" (sī) "horses" (mǎ). The surname originated from one of the offices of the Three Excellencies of the Zhou Dynasty. Coincidentally, this name has almost the same meaning as the common English surname Marshall, which is derived from the Frankish: "mare" (horse) + "skalkoz" (master). The name has also been anglicized as "Sma".

List of persons with the surname[edit]

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