Sima Wali is an Afghani human rights advocate for Afghanistan and the Chief Executive Officer of Refugee Women in Development. Wali is also vice president and treasurer of the Sisterhood Is Global Institute and works as an international advocate for the rights of refugee and internally displaced women. She was a speaker at the Ford Hall Forum in 1999 and 2009, has been a participant in dropping knowledge, was a participant in the International Conference on Afghanistan, Bonn (2001) and won the Ginetta Sagan Fund Award in 1999. In June 2003 in Afghanistan, Wali accompanied Women's Edge co-founder and executive director Ritu Sharma for a week's visit in Afghanistan to observe and monitor the conditions of women.
Wali authored Invisible History: Afghanistan's Untold Story (2009) with Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould. Gould and Fitgerald also produced the documentary film The Woman in Exile Returns: The Sima Wali Story with RefWid, Inc. It tells the story of Sima Wali's return to Kabul in October 2002 after 24 years in exile and her efforts to help in the rebuilding efforts.
- Sima Wali appearances on C-Span