|Unincorporated Community in Norfolk County|
Governor Simcoe Square - Main Offices of Norfolk County
|Amalgamated||2001 (Single-tier municipality)|
|• Mayor||Charlie Luke|
|• Governing Body||The Council of The Corporation of Norfolk County|
|• MPs||Diane Finley (Con)|
|• MPPs||Toby Barrett (PC)|
|Elevation||224 m (735 ft)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Postal code span||N3Y|
|Area code(s)||519 and 226|
Simcoe is an unincorporated community and former town in Southwestern Ontario, Canada located near Lake Erie. It is the county seat and largest community of Norfolk County. Simcoe is located at the junction of Highway 3, at Highway 24, due south of Brantford, and accessible to Hamilton by nearby Highway 6.
Simcoe was founded in 1795 by Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe. Simcoe was incorporated as the Corporation of the Town of Simcoe in 1878 and had its own town council and mayor until December 31, 2000. In 2001, the town and all other municipalities within the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk were dissolved and the region was divided into two single tier municipalities with city-status but called counties. Simcoe now forms Ward 5 of Norfolk County.
As a part of Haldimand-Norfolk County during the 20th century, passed their first tree conservation by-law in 1947. This law was recently revised in 2000 as a part of Norfolk County's Forestry Act. Around 350 applications for tree cutting permits are sent to Norfolk council per year. For every 100 acres of undeveloped land in Norfolk County, more than 25 of those acres are considered to be forested. Most of these forests can be found within 10 miles or 16 kilometres of downtown Simcoe and are open for exploration except during periods of heavy snow.
Community and culture
One of the town's most notable landmarks is the Norfolk County Memorial Tower, which commemorates the lives of Canadians who died for Canada in conflicts overseas. The Memorial Tower overlooks scenic Wellington Park, a public greenspace that includes walking paths and a waterway system with a small lake, close to the downtown core.
Simcoe's main cemetery is Oakwood Cemetery.
A cultural club for people of Croatian descent operates in this town; the formal name given to this organization is the 531st branch of the Croatian Fraternal Union. First organized by Franjo Bertovic during the 1990s, he would go on to found other Croatian Fraternal Unions throughout Canada and Croatia. People who are members of this fraternal benefit society refer to the club as the Simcoe Croatian Club when not in formal conversation. Expenses for sick workers in addition to their funeral expenses are often partially covered through its members' benefits.
The historic Molson Bank once operated here from May 1898 until sometime in the 1920s; when the building was taken over by the Bank of Montreal. Alterations made to the building within those decades would allow twice as much banking to take place. Fifteen more people were hired during the expansion of the bank in the early 20th century; bringing white collar jobs to the town.
Many of Simcoe's buildings feature the International style of architecture; typical of the period between 1920 and 1950 while residential buildings from the 1850s use the Gothic Revival style of architecture. The relatively tall buildings that came out of the "International" style (compared to the buildings that existed in Simcoe prior to the 1950s) were used in an attempt to make Simcoe into a more international destination for people to live, work, and admire. A couple of buildings in the downtown core even blend some "International" elements with that of the Art Deco style of architecture; bringing bright colors and illusions of rapid movement into the building design.
Simcoe has its own radio station, CD 98.9, and two newspapers: The Simcoe Reformer and the NYCA Hub. CHCH-DT in Hamilton is the nearest broadcast television station along with CKCO-DT in Kitchener and CIII-DT (a Toronto station with a repeater in Paris, Ontario). CHCH (channel 11 on Eastlink Cable - formerly Amtelecom Cable) is mostly a news channel while CKCO (CTV Two) and CIII (Global) offer a variety of entertainment choices during prime time (7 PM through 11 PM on weekdays).
Major local festivals include the Rotary-sponsored Friendship Festival, the Norfolk County Fair and Horse Show, and the winter light show of Panorama. Simcoe was one of the communities in Canada through which the Olympic torch travelled while going from its home base in Athens, Greece to Vancouver for the 21st Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver, British Columbia.
The Simcoe Santa Claus Parade has been historically held on the weekend following Remembrance Day. During the heyday of this event in the 1950s, the entire town would stop operating for one afternoon for people to enjoy the festivities. In recent years, the parade has held a lower profile in the community; with people preferring more "warm weather" events like the Friendship Festival and the Norfolk County Fair.
Housing and neighborhoods
The monthly rent of a typical apartment in Simcoe ranges from 450 Canadian dollars per month (for a bachelor apartment in a working class neighborhood) to 1,000 Canadian dollars per month (for a 3-bedroom apartment in a newer and more posh neighborhood). Monthly utilities for an apartment of 85 square metres or 910 square feet in this community costs around 114.37 Canadian dollars per month; that includes heat, electricity, water, and sewer. The average annual income of a Simcoe resident is 48,000 Canadian dollars after taxes. While the monthly cost of rent in a rented apartment is considered to be very cheap by global standards, the typical cost of eating out at a restaurant in this community can vary from being reasonable to expensive; this depends primarily on the genre of the establishment and the type of food products being used in the preparation. Fast food restaurants and Chinese restaurants tend to be reasonable while Italian restaurants and pizza places tend to be expensive.
Many of the more modern, newly-built homes in Simcoe are situated in the area surrounding Mann Avenue (); these kind of family homes tend to sell on private sales for up to 370,000 Canadian dollars. Houses constructed in this neighborhood range from being built in 2002 to 2010.
Norfolk Street tends to be the dividing road between the "haves" and the "have nots" in this community. Most houses west of Norfolk Street are aging dilapidated buildings that rarely sell for a price greater than 200,000 Canadian dollars while most houses east of Norfolk Street are ultramodern structures like those seen on Mann Avenue. Throughout the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the western part of Simcoe have generally been described as a neighborhood for the working class, the unemployed and pensioners while the white collar elite have basically settled in the eastern neighborhoods of Simcoe; particularly near the Queensway. These people typically range from doctors and lawyers to office workers and nurses. Exceptions to this rule can be found on Millcroft Drive and Miller Crescent (west of Norfolk Street) in addition to Arthur Street (east of Norfolk Street). Metcalfe Street (in the northwestern part of town) and Parker Drive (in the southwestern portion of town) are also considered to be one of the most affluent and safest streets in the western end of Simcoe.
The average age of a Simcoe resident as of 2011 is 48 years of age; the average male is 47 years old while the average female is 50 years old. While almost 6,000 people who live in this communirty are legally married as of 2011, a substantial amount of people who never became spouses exist in Simcoe; nearly 3,000 people in Simcoe have remained single and never engaged in a legal or common-law form of marriage. English is spoken the most frequently in Simcoe; with Ojibway and several Eastern European languages spoken by a tiny minority of the residents.
Transportation and tourism
In 1886 the South Norfolk Railway constructed a line from Hamilton, Ontario, to Port Rowan, Ontario, that stopped in Simcoe. The train operated until 1965. Economic considerations in addition to rising energy and fuel prices are what basically killed the train operations in Norfolk County during the latter portion of the 20th century.
A local transit program is centred around Simcoe and helps to serve the major communities of Norfolk County. It costs an average of 25,000 Canadian dollars for a budget four-person vehicle in Simcoe (either a Volkswagen Golf or an equivalent from either Chevrolet, Toyota, or Ford).
There are 50 hotels and bed and breakfast properties within a reasonable driving distance of Simcoe's downtown core; having on-peak rates of anywhere between $97/night to $150/night in addition to off-peak rates ranging from $55/night to $129/night.
A country club was established in Simcoe by Duncan Campbell in 1895 called the Norfolk County Golf and Country Club. It originally excluded ladies from membership and hard liquor from being consumed until 1912 when the club had to get incorporated. When it first became a co-educational golf club, ladies had the "privilege" of paying $4 to access the facilities while the gentlemen had to pay a handsome $15 to be entitled to full privileges. This country club still stands today and visitors are encouraged to acquire memberships before playing golf.
A Simcoe equipment and boiler maker company called West & Peachey Company invented an amphibious steamboat called an Alligator which was used by logging companies all over Eastern North America in 1878. The firm built 230 alligator tugs between 1889 and 1932. West and Peachey would become one of the first manufacturing companies to operate within the town limits of Simcoe.
During the 42 years that it was operating, the metal-can manufacturing plant owned by The American Can Company employed many local residents. The Canadian Canning Company, which had been in operation in Simcoe since the 1870s, was a primary customer for some of the products of the American Can Plant, and was a producer of canned fruit, vegetable, and processed prepared foodstuffs, such as soup. This processing plant relied heavily on fruit and vegetables produced locally. In 1991, the Robinson street manufacturing plants closed. The shutdown of the plants can be partially attributed to the recession of the early 1990s. At its prime, the American Can employed 605 male employees and 39 female employees with highly competitive wages. During the Second World War, the Simcoe plant employed many women on a full-time basis, due to the shortage of men who had gone off to fight in the war. The plant continued to produce cans for the food industry, along with specialized packaging needed for the war effort. Notable MPP Charles Strange from the historical Brantford electoral district worked at this plant in his later life and lived in Simcoe.
Small factories once were dominant in the southeastern end of Simcoe until the early 2000s, when high-wage manufacturing jobs started to be outsourced to low-wage regions like China, Bangladesh, and Singapore. Today, many of Simcoe's larger employers are in the retail service industry, with some employment in the area being primarily part-time and/or seasonal. There are also many employers engaged other pursuits which benefit the area, some examples being light manufacturing and financial services. The Toyotetsu manufacturing plant in the northwestern end of Simcoe, built in 2006, employs approximately 170 full-time personnel in metal parts stamping and fabrication for the automotive industry. Toyotetsu recently added another 75 full-time positions to their workforce to enable increased production. Agriculture and home building have also become lucrative employment opportunities during the first decade of the 21st century.
The Simcoe Town Centre mall, once considered to be the closest shopping center for people who live west of Norfolk Street, is in danger of going bankrupt due to empty spaces where stores used to be in addition to the east end of the Queensway offering more lucrative opportunities for businesses to operate there as opposed to the Business Improvement Area. It is speculated that up to 31 stores could operate in the Simcoe Town Centre in an ideal economy; only 21 stores are operating. Recent retail additions to Simcoe include Shoppers Drug Mart, Walmart, Boston Pizza and the Canadian version of A&W. A Bulk Barn outlet officially opened on December 15, 2012; the outlet is expected to offer another employment opportunity for residents of this community. A Walmart store is a part of the new Highway #3 development in the northeastern part of the community.
Rural Canadian towns similar to Simcoe are close to dying due to economic and transportation issues that prevent people from holding meaningful employment and being prosperous. Towns like Eastend in Saskatchewan, Grey River in Newfoundland and Dollard in Saskatchewan are facing general hardships due to diminishing transportation choices, aging residents and bleak local employment opportunities. Simcoe's infrastructure and close proximity to urban markets are some of the reasons why Simcoe is not in any great economic peril within the next 30 years.
There are 24 doctors who practice conventional medicine within the city limits, most of the doctors do not accept new patients; with the exception of the terminally ill, pregnant women and their families. This situation is expected to clear itself within 5–10 years.
Simcoe is home to the Norfolk General Hospital; the only general hospital in Norfolk County.
Norfolk General Hospital is the governing agency for Holmes House. Operating since 1989, Holmes House has been operating across the road from Norfolk General Hospital. It provides services to help recovering drug addicts manage their addiction using a co-education detoxification program. Applicants over the age of 16 years are accepted and the facility does not provide medicinal treatment for withdrawal symptoms.
There are many other social health and welfare programs available in Simcoe that benefit all residents of the community. Some are available from organizations such as Haldimand-Norfolk Women's Services located near downtown Simcoe.
- John Axford, baseball player
- Rob Blake, hockey player
- Jassen Cullimore, hockey player
- Red Kelly, hockey player
- Andrew Penner, hockey player
- Dwayne Roloson, hockey player
- Ryan VandenBussche, hockey player
- Rick Wamsley, hockey player
- R. Scott Bakker, Canadian fantasy author
- Reed Elley, former Member of Parliament for Nanaimo—Cowichan and current Baptist preacher
- Robert Gardner, Professor Emeritus, Ryerson University
- Alexander M. Hardy, former United States Congressman
- Arthur Slaght, former member of the Canadian House of Commons
- David Strangway, Canadian geophysicist
- Rick Danko (d. 1999), musician (Ronnie Hawkins, The Band)
- Terry Danko, musician (Ronnie Hawkins, Atkinson, Danko and Ford, Bearfoot; session musician with George Harrison, Stephen Stills, Eric Clapton and Bob Dylan amongst others)
- Margo Davidson (d. 2008), musician (The Parachute Club)
- James Sutherland Brown, senior staff officer in the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the First World War, wrote a contingency plan to invade and occupy northern United States.
- Bruce McCall, a Canadian illustrator and author, best known for his frequent contributions to The New Yorker especially covers for the magazine. In his memoir, Thin Ice (1997), McCall recounts his childhood years in Simcoe.
Simcoe generally belongs to the humid continental climate zone when compared to most of the world's climate zones.
The hottest day ever recorded for Simcoe was on August 28, 1973 when the local weather station registered temperatures up to 36.1 °C (97.0 °F). Simcoe's coldest ever temperatures occurred on January 18, 1976 when temperatures of −29.4 °C (−20.9 °F) were detected by local weather authorities. Traditionally, temperatures have ranged between −1.1 °C (30.0 °F) in January to 25.6 °C (78.1 °F) in July during times of moderate climate.
As a rural community, Simcoe is generally 10% drier than the major cities of Toronto, Hamilton, and Ottawa. It is also 25 times less likely to face smog-related problems between the months of June and September than metropolitan cities like London, Windsor, and Sarnia. Sunny days tend to last 15% longer; granting more needed sunlight for summer days in addition to forestalling the cold and dark winter nights.
|Climate data for Simcoe (Norfolk County)|
|Record high °C (°F)||13.9
|Average high °C (°F)||−2.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−6.2
|Average low °C (°F)||−10.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−29.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||63.2
|Rainfall mm (inches)||29.6
|Snowfall cm (inches)||40.4
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||17||14||15||12||12||10||9||10||10||12||14||18||154|
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||5||4||9||11||11||10||9||10||10||11||11||8||110|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||15||12||9||3||0||0||0||0||0||1||5||13||57|
|Source: Environment Canada|
- See Norfolk County, Ontario
- "Southern Ontario Tourism: Simcoe, Ontario". Southern Ontario Tourism Organization. Retrieved 2007-12-04.
- Report on Tree Conservation By-Laws in Southern Ontario at Tree Canada
- http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0009128 Canadian Encyclopedia Monuments, World Wars I and II
- Croatian Fraternal Unions throughout Canada and the United States at Croatian Fraternal Union
- All about Franjo Bertovic at Croatian Fraternal Union
- Simcoe's Molson Bank at Norfolk Historical Society
- International Building Style at Ontario Architecture
- Architecture: Ontario/New York at Thousand Islands Life
- Alligator of the North, Barrett Harry, and Clarence Coons
- "1950 Simcoe Santa Claus parade in Norfolk County, Ontario". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
- Property prices in Simcoe, Ontario at Numbeo
- Cost of living in Simcoe, Ontario at Numbeo
- A house in Simcoe's wealthiest neighborhood at The Property Guys
- Houses for sale in Simcoe, Ontario at Realtor.ca
- "2011 Census profile for Simcoe, Ontario". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- Ron Brown (2009). "The Lake Erie Shore: Ontario's Forgotten South Coast". Dundurn. pp. 36, 38, 40, 41, 88–90, 91, 126, 127, 128, 153. ISBN 9781554883882. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- Make public transit a top priority at SimcoeRefomer.ca
- Simcoe Hotels at Trip Advisor
- History of the Norfolk Golf and Country Club at Norfolk Golf and Country Club
- Brian Owen, "The Alligator or Steam Powered Amphibious Warping Tug", Duckworks Magazine
- American Canning Company historical information at UER.ca
- Number of People Employed in Simcoe Industries in 1980 at McMaster University Digital Commons
- Auto parts manufacturer in Simcoe hiring at The Simcoe Reformer
- Stores of the Simcoe Town Centre at Simcoe Town Centre
- New Bulk Barn location for Simcoe at Country1073.ca
- Simcoe or Bust: Transportation in Rural Canada at Daily Gum Boot
- Medical Doctors in Simcoe, Ontario at Virtual Walk
- Holmes House: Drug Treatment Centre Detoxification & Rehabilitation Service at Norfolk General Hospital
- Services and teen resources at Haldimand and Norfolk's Women's Services
- Danko is interred at Woodstock Cemetery, New York State.
- Brother of Rick Danko. Both Dankos were born in the hamlet of Green's Corners which is immediately outside of Simcoe; see Rick Danko.
- See Canadian Pop Encyclopedia, Biography of Terry Danko; www.jam.canoe.ca.
- Davidson is interred at Oakwood Cemetery, Simcoe. See Margo Davidson Obituary, Ferris Funeral Homes, Simcoe; www.ferrisfuneral.com.
- Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1961-1990 for Simcoe, accessed 18 March 2012
- "Weather of Simcoe, Ontario (January 1, 1960)". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Weather of Simcoe, Ontario (July 1, 1960)". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Climate facts about Simcoe, Ontario". Simcoe and District Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Simcoe, Ontario.|
- Simcoe and District Chamber of Commerce
- Norfolk County
- Norfolk Heritage Centre at Eva Brook Donly Museum
- Ontario Museum Association
- Canadian Women Artists History Initiative
- Norfolk General Hospital