Simeulue

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This article is about the island. For the administrative division, see Simeulue Regency.
Simeulue
Simeulue Topography.png
Geography
Location South East Asia
Coordinates 2°35′N 96°05′E / 2.583°N 96.083°E / 2.583; 96.083Coordinates: 2°35′N 96°05′E / 2.583°N 96.083°E / 2.583; 96.083
Area 2,310 km2 (890 sq mi)
Highest elevation 567 m (1,860 ft)
Highest point unnamed
Country
Indonesia
Province Aceh
Regency Simeulue Regency
Largest city Sinabang
Demographics
Population 82,100 (as of 2007 census)
Density 35.5 /km2 (91.9 /sq mi)
Washing the pith of sago palm (Metroxylon sagu); Simeulue

Simeulue is an island of Indonesia, 150 kilometres (93 mi) off the west coast of Sumatra. Its capital is Sinabang.

Simeulue was once a part of West Aceh Regency but was split off in 1999 and became a separate Simeulue Regency.

Demographics[edit]

From the ethnic point of view the inhabitants of Simeulue are similar to the people of neighboring Nias Island. Three languages are spoken on the island: Devayan, Sigulai and Lekon, all of which are different from the languages spoken in the north of Sumatra.[1] The majority of the islands population are Muslim.

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake[edit]

Simeulue was close to the epicenter of the 9.3 magnitude 26 December 2004 earthquake.

On 28 March 2005, an 8.7 magnitude earthquake struck with its epicenter just off the south end of the island.[2] During the earthquake, Simeulue rose at least six feet on the western coast; this left the flat top of its coral reefs above high tide. On the east coast, the land was submerged, with seawater flooding fields and settlements.[3]

Local wisdom[edit]

Although Simeulue Island was only 60 kilometers from the epicenter, while Banda Aceh was about 250 kilometers, 6 residents died while the remaining 70,000 persons were safe because of local wisdom called 'smong', which after an earthquake, when the tide suddenly recedes, they should evacuate to highland as soon as possible.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BPS Kabupaten Simeulue (2003). Simeulue Dalam Angka 2012. BadanPusatStatistik.Com. ISBN 0-0100-0021-6. 
  2. ^ Gibbons, Helen (April 2005) "Second Tsunami Causes Damage in Indonesia—USGS Scientists Post Observations on the World Wide Web" United States Geological Survey
  3. ^ Saved by tsunami folklore, BBC News From Our Correspondent, 10 March 2007
  4. ^ "Pulau Simeulue". October 13, 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Simeulue at Wikimedia Commons