Simolestes

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Not to be confused with Cimolestes.
Simolestes
Temporal range: 171–145Ma
Middle-Late Jurassic
Simolestes.jpg
S. vorax skull
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Order: Plesiosauria
Suborder: Pliosauroidea
Family: Pliosauridae [1]
Genus: Simolestes
Species

S. vorax (type species)
S. indicus
S. keileni

Simolestes (hearkening thief) is an extinct genus of pliosaurs that lived in the Middle to Late Jurassic. Three species are currently known:

Restoration of S. vorax
Tooth of S. vorax

Simolestes could exceed 10m in length.[2]

Classification[edit]

The cladogram below follows a 2011 analysis by paleontologists Hilary F. Ketchum and Roger B. J. Benson, and reduced to genera only.[3]

Pliosauroidea
Rhomaleosauridae

BMNH49202





"Plesiosaurus" macrocephalus




Archaeonectrus



Macroplata






"Rhomaleosaurus" megacephalus




Eurycleidus




Rhomaleosaurus




Meyerasaurus



Maresaurus








Pliosauridae

Thalassiodracon




Hauffiosaurus




Attenborosaurus





BMNH R2439



Marmornectes





"Pliosaurus" andrewsi





OUMNH J.02247



Peloneustes





Simolestes




Liopleurodon




Pliosaurus




Megacephalosaurus[4]




Brachauchenius



Kronosaurus















See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith AS, Dyke GJ. 2008. The skull of the giant predatory pliosaur Rhomaleosaurus cramptoni: implications for plesiosaur phylogenetics. Naturwissenschaften e-published 2008.
  2. ^ http://www.emgs.org.uk/files/mercian_vol13on/Mercian%20Geologist%20volume%2015%202000-2003/Mercian%202000%20v15%20p037%20Rhomaleosaurid%20pliosaur,%20Forrest.pdf
  3. ^ Hilary F. Ketchum and Roger B. J. Benson (2011). "A new pliosaurid (Sauropterygia, Plesiosauria) from the Oxford Clay Formation (Middle Jurassic, Callovian) of England: evidence for a gracile, longirostrine grade of Early-Middle Jurassic pliosaurids". Special Papers in Palaeontology 86: 109–129. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01083.x. 
  4. ^ Schumacher, B. A.; Carpenter, K.; Everhart, M. J. (2013). "A new Cretaceous Pliosaurid (Reptilia, Plesiosauria) from the Carlile Shale (middle Turonian) of Russell County, Kansas". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33 (3): 613. doi:10.1080/02724634.2013.722576.  edit

External links[edit]