Simon, Metropolitan of Moscow
Simon was a hegumen at the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra. In 1495, he was elected Metropolitan of Moscow after the removal of Zosimus on charges of heresy. Simon soon won the respect of Ivan III. In 1501, Simon wrote a letter to the clergy of Perm, asking them to admonish their flock, knyaz, and ruling elite to eradicate idolatry and pagan beliefs among ordinary people. Simon was the responsible for the convocation of the sobors in 1503 and 1504. The Sobor (Council) of 1503 condemned the charging of fees for the ordination of priests as simony, though the practice had been approved by the Moscow Council of 1270 and had been practiced in the Byzantine church for years before that. As a result of the condemnation, Archbishop Gennady of Novgorod was condemned the following year for simony and removed from office. Despite this, the Sobor of 1504 condemned the Novgorod-Moscow heresy of the Sect of Skhariya the Jew, which repudiated some of the dogmas and rites of the Eastern Orthodoxy, thus confirming Gennady's major activity during his archiepiscopate. As a result of this sobor, many sectarians were either executed or imprisoned. The same sobor also dealt with the issue of debauchery among the widowed clergymen and deacons.
Simon is also known for having consecrated a number of monasteries, including the Novospassky Monastery, St.George Monastery, and Yauza Monastery.
- E. E. Golubinskii, Istoriia russkoi tserkvi, vol. 2, pt. 1, pp. 581-82.
|Orthodox Church titles|
|Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia