Simon Achidi Achu
|Simon Achidi Achu|
|Prime Minister of Cameroon|
9 April 1992 – 19 September 1996
|Preceded by||Sadou Hayatou|
|Succeeded by||Peter Mafany Musonge|
|Born||5 November 1934
"Pa" Simon Achidi Achu (born 5 November 1934) is a Cameroonian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Cameroon from 1992 to 1996. Previously he was Minister of Justice from 1972 to 1975. A leading member of the Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (CPDM), Achidi Achu was appointed as Chairman of the National Investment Corporation in 2003, and he was elected to the Senate of Cameroon in 2013.
Achidi Achu was born in Bamenda and grew up in Santa, located in the Northwest Province of Cameroon. He completed primary education in Santa and then continued to Cameroon Protestant College, where he had his GCE Ordinary Level. Pa Achu later continued to the University of Yaoundé, where he participated in the creation of the Student Association, which still exists. He also served as the association's first president. He continued his studies in Marseille, France.
Achidi Achu was a state magistrate from October 1965 to October 1966. Later, he was appointed as Minister Delegate at the State Federal Inspectorate in late October 1971. He was subsequently appointed as Minister of Justice by Cameroonian President Ahmadou Ahidjo on 3 July 1972, remaining in that position until 1975. Pa Simon then returned to Santa and started the Rock Farm Ranch as a farmer.
He stayed out of politics for several years, then he was elected as a member of the National Assembly. President Paul Biya later appointed him as Prime Minister on 9 April 1992, following the March 1992 parliamentary election. He was the first Anglophone Prime Minister of Cameroon.
On 10 October 1992, the day before the 1992 presidential election, Achidi Achu appeared on Cameroon Radio and Television and addressed the people in French, his second language. In this address, he accused the opposition, led by Social Democratic Front (SDF) candidate John Fru Ndi, of having a "diabolical plan" (plan diabolique) to prosecute and execute the leading figures of the state, government, and military if it won the election, and he urged the people to reject the opposition in order to avert potential violence and instability.
Following Biya's victory in the 1992 election, Achidi Achu remained Prime Minister until 19 September 1996, when he was replaced by Peter Mafany Musonge. Achidi Achu was later appointed as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Investment Corporation (Société nationale des Investissements) on 3 March 2003.
Achidi Achu is a member of the Central Committee of the ruling CPDM. He was also a member of the National Commission for the coordination of Biya's election campaign in the 2004 presidential election and was the president of the campaign's support and follow up committee in the Northwest Province. He has also headed the discipline commission of the CPDM. During the campaign for the July 2007 parliamentary and municipal elections, Achidi Achu was a member of the CPDM's Central Campaign Committee; he was also President of the CPDM Provincial Campaign Committee in the Northwest Province.
In 2009, Achidi Achu became one of three members of the CPDM North West Section's newly established Council of the Wise, which was intended to formulate strategy and tactics to enable the CPDM to attain dominance in the North West Province, where the opposition Social Democratic Front (SDF) has been traditionally dominant.
In the April 2013 Senate election, Achidi Achu was elected to the Senate as the top candidate on the CPDM's list for Northwest Province. When the Bureau of the Senate was elected on 12 June 2013, Achidi Achu received the post of Vice-President of the Senate.
- Les Elites camerounaises: who's who in United Republic of Cameroon (1976), Bulletin de l'Afrique noire, page 6.
- Africa Year Book and Who's Who (1977), Africa Journal Ltd., page 1,033.
- Christophe Dongmo, "CL-Experts : Achidu Achu and the “Opposition Devil Plan” during the 1992 Presidential Elections", Camerounlink.com, June 10, 2008.
- Africa Research Bulletin (1971), page 2,281.
- Cameroonian government page on Achu (French).
- Piet Konings, "The Post-Colonial State and Economic and Political Reforms in Cameroon", Liberalization in the Developing World (1996), ed. Alex E. Fernández Jilberto and André Mommen, Routledge, page 260.
- "Achidi Achu fait le tour du propriétaire", Cameroon-info.net, 19 March 2003 (French).
- List of members of the RDPC Central Committee, RDPC website (French).
- "President Paul Biya selects campaign team", 2004 presidential election website.
- Essama Essomba, "Retrouvailles: Achidi Achu chez Paul Biya", Cameroon Tribune (Cameroon-info.net, December 26, 2007 (French).
- "Elections Législatives et Municipales du 22 Juillet 2007", CPDM website (French).
- A. Nkemngu and R. Nde Lajong, "Simon Achidi Achu: Promises Bad Days Ahead For Opposition", icicemac.com, May 12, 2009.
- "Dossier. Les visages des premiers sénateurs élus au Cameroun (Suite et fin)", Le Messager, 2 May 2013 (French).
- "Le bureau élu du Sénat", Cameroon Tribune, 13 June 2013 (French).
|Prime Minister of Cameroon
Peter Mafany Musonge