15 August 1958 |
|Citizenship||British and Canadian|
|Institutions||University of Cambridge|
|Alma mater||New College, Oxford
King's College London
University College London
|Doctoral advisor||Uta Frith|
|Doctoral students||22 PhD students completed|
|Known for||Autism research|
|Notable awards||Kanner-Asperger Medal 2013 (WGAS)|
Simon Baron-Cohen FBA (born 15 August 1958) is Professor of Developmental Psychopathology in the Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. He is the Director of the University's Autism Research Centre, and a Fellow of Trinity College. He is best known for his work on autism, including his early theory that autism involves degrees of "mindblindness" (or delays in the development of theory of mind); and his later theory that autism is an extreme form of the "male brain", which involved a re-conceptualisation of typical psychological sex differences in terms of empathizing–systemizing theory.
Baron-Cohen completed a BA in Human Sciences at New College, Oxford, and an MPhil in Clinical Psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London. He did his PhD in Psychology at University College London under the supervision of Professor Uta Frith.
Research areas 
Baron-Cohen’s research over the subsequent 10 years provided much of the evidence for the ToM deficit, culminating in two edited anthologies (Understanding Other Minds, 1993, and 2000). His research group linked the origins of the ToM deficit to joint attention (Brit J. Dev Psychol, 1987) and showed that absence of joint attention at 18 months is a predictor of later autism (British Journal of Psychiatry, 1992, 1996). Based on these and other findings, he proposed a model of the development of ‘mindreading’ in his widely cited monograph (Mindblindness, 1995 MIT Press). Baron-Cohen has also conducted brain imaging work examining the autistic brain. These studies highlighted differences between the typical and autistic brain in the orbitofrontal cortex (Brit. J. Psychiatry, 1994) PMID 7866679 and the amygdala (Euro. J. Neuroscience, 1999), the latter leading him to propose the amygdala theory of autism (Neurosci. Behav. Rev. 2000). In 2010, with his former doctoral student Michael Lombardo, they showed that the ventromedial prefrontal cortex does not differentiate self from other in autism and accounts for variation in social deficits. In 2011, with Lombardo, they also showed that the right temporoparietal junction was hypoactive in autism during ToM tasks.
In the late 1990s Baron-Cohen developed the hypothesis that typical sex differences may provide a neurobiological and psychological understanding of autism (the empathizing–systemizing theory). The theory proposes that autism is an extreme of the male brain (J. Cog. Neurosci, 1997; TICS, 2002). This led to him situating ToM within the broader domain of empathy, and to the development of a new construct (systemizing). The extreme male brain (EMB) theory of autism sees autism as being on a continuum with individual differences in the general population (sex differences). Baron-Cohen proposes that the cause of autism at a biological level may be hyper-masculinization. This hypothesis posits that certain features of autism (‘obsessions’ and repetitive behaviour, previously regarded as ‘purposeless’) as being highly purposive, intelligent (hyper-systemizing), and a sign of a different way of thinking. He wrote a popular book on the topic of sex differences and its relationship to autism (The Essential Difference, Penguin UK/Basic Books 2003).
Baron-Cohen launched the Cambridge Longitudinal Foetal Testosterone (FT) Project in the late 1990s, a research program following children of mothers who had amniocentesis. This aimed to study the effects of individual differences in FT on later child development. This is summarised in a technical monograph (Prenatal Testosterone in Mind, 2004 MIT Press). This study revealed that FT is negatively correlated with social and language development, and is positively correlated with attention to detail and a number of autistic traits (Brit. J. Psychology, 2009). His work studying FT led him to test the hyper-masculinization of autism at the psychometric level and in regard to developmental neurobiology (Science, 2005; PLOS Biology, 2011). The role of foetal testosterone in autism is currently being assessed in clinical cases, and has some support from the discovery from Baron-Cohen's lab of androgen-related genes being associated with autistic traits, empathy, and Asperger's Syndrome (Autism Research, 2009), and from the finding that a precursor to testosterone (androstenedione) is elevated in autism (Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2011). With Mike Lombardo he conducted the first study in humans of where FT influences grey matter in the brain (J. Neuroscience 2012). He is currently collaborating with the Danish Biobank to test if FT and related fetal sex steroids are elevated in people who go on to develop autism.
Baron-Cohen has developed software for special education (Mindreading) and an animation series to teach children with autism to recognise and understand emotions (The Transporters) both of which were BAFTA nominated and have been scientifically evaluated to show that they have benefit to emotional and social learning in autism. Baron-Cohen's work was applied to intervention in the book "Teaching Children With Autism To Mindread" (Wiley, 1997).
Baron-Cohen has worked in another research area: synaesthesia, a neurological condition in which a sensation in one modality (e.g., hearing) triggers a perception in another modality (e.g., colour). He and his colleagues were the first to develop the Test of Genuineness (Perception, 1987) and suggest that synaesthesia is the result of a breakdown in modularity (Perception, 1993). They were also the first to confirm the existence of synaesthesia using neuroimaging (Brain, 1995 and Nature Neuroscience, 1999) and to demonstrate that it is a heritable condition, conducting the first genetic study of synaesthesia (Perception, 1996; American Journal of Human Genetics, 2009).
In an article in 2000 (Development and Psychopathology) Baron-Cohen argued that high-functioning autism or Asperger Syndrome need not just lead to disability, but can also lead to talent. He explored this in a talk at the Wired 2012 Conference . In 2012 he also presented a TEDx talk at Parliament UK entitled The Erosion of Empathy (on the topic of the causes of cruelty) . He has appeared in many television science documentaries, one example being Brainman in which he diagnosed Daniel Tammet (who has extreme memory) with both synaesthesia and Asperger Syndrome.
In 2008 Baron-Cohen assessed Gary McKinnon, the British computer hacker who had been accused of breaking into 97 United States military and NASA computer networks in 2001 and 2002, and diagnosed him as having Asperger Syndrome, which was used by McKinnon's legal defence team to successfully overturn extradition to the US to stand trial.
Personal life and awards 
Baron-Cohen was awarded the Spearman Medal from the British Psychological Society (BPS), the McAndless Award from the American Psychological Association, the May Davison Award for Clinical Psychology from the BPS, and the Presidents Award from the BPS. He was President of the British Association for the Advancement of Science Section for Psychology in 2007, and was Vice President of the International Society for Autism Research (INSAR) for 2009-11. He is also a Vice President of the National Autistic Society (UK). He is a Fellow of the BPS, the BA, and the Association of Psychological Science. He was awarded the Kanner-Asperger Medal in 2013 by the WGAS (Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft Autismus Spektrum) as a Lifetime Achievement Award for his contributions to autism research internationally.
Baron-Cohen is the son of Judith and Vivian Baron-Cohen. He is married to Bridget Lindley and together they have three children: independent film maker Sam Baron, Robin Lindley-Baron, and songwriter Kate Baron. His brothers are film director Ash Baron Cohen and Dan Baron Cohen (International Drama and Education Association). His sisters are Suzannah Baron Cohen and acupuncturist Aliza Baron Cohen. His cousins include computer scientist Amnon Baron Cohen, composer and musician Erran Baron Cohen, comic actor Sacha Baron Cohen, composer Lewis Furey, film producer Daniel Louis, playwright Richard Greenblatt, University of Washington chemistry professor Seymour Rabinovitch, University of Montana Japanese professor Judith Rabinovitch, and film-director Mark Robson.
Selected publications 
Baron-Cohen's single authored books:
- Baron-Cohen, S (1995) Mindblindness: an essay on autism and theory of mind. MIT Press/Bradford Books.
- Baron-Cohen, S (2003) The Essential Difference: men, women and the extreme male brain. Penguin/Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-7139-9671-5
- Baron-Cohen, S (2008) Autism and Asperger Syndrome: The Facts. OUP.
- Baron-Cohen, S (2011) Zero Degrees of Empathy: A new theory of human cruelty. Penguin/Allen Lane. This appears under a different title in the US:
- Baron-Cohen, S (2011) The Science of Evil: On empathy and the origins of human cruelty. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-02353-0
His multi-authored and edited books include:
- Baron-Cohen, S, and Bolton, P, (1993) Autism: the facts. Oxford University Press.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Tager-Flusberg, H, and Cohen, D.J. (eds,) (1993) Understanding other minds: perspectives from autism. Oxford University Press.
- Baron-Cohen, S, & Harrison, J, (eds: 1997) Synaesthesia: classic and contemporary readings. Blackwells.
- Baron-Cohen S, ed. (1997). The maladapted mind: classic readings in evolutionary psychopathology. East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press/Taylor Francis Group. ISBN 0-86377-460-1. Retrieved 21 January 2011</ref>
- Howlin, P, Baron-Cohen, S, Hadwin, J, & Swettenham, J, (1999). Teaching children with autism to mind-read. Wiley.
- Robertson, M, & Baron-Cohen, S, (1998) Tourette Syndrome: The facts. Oxford University Press.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Tager-Flusberg, H, & Cohen, D, (eds. 2000). Understanding other minds: perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
- Baron-Cohen, S & Wheelwright, S, (2004) An exact mind. Jessica Kingsley Ltd. Artwork by Peter Myers.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Lutchmaya, S, & Knickmeyer, R, (2005) Prenatal testosterone in mind: Studies of amniotic fluid. MIT Press/Bradford Books.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Tager-Flusberg, H, and Cohen, D.J. (eds,) (2007) Understanding other minds: perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience – 2nd Edition. Oxford University Press.
- Hadwin, J, Howlin, P, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2008) Teaching children with autism to mindread: a handbook. Wiley.
Baron-Cohen has authored over 250 peer-reviewed papers, including:
- Baron-Cohen, S, Leslie, A.M., & Frith, U, (1985) Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind?” Cognition, 21, 37-46.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Wyke, M, & Binnie, C, (1987) Hearing words and seeing colours: an experimental investigation of a case of synaesthesia. Perception, 16, 761-67.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Allen, J, & Gillberg, C, (1992) Can autism be detected at 18 months? The needle, the haystack, and the CHAT. British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 839-843.
- Baron-Cohen, S, (1994) How to build a baby that can read minds: Cognitive mechanisms in mindreading. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition, 13, 513-552.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Ring, H, Moriarty, J, Shmitz, P, Costa, D, & Ell, P, (1994) Recognition of mental state terms: a clinical study of autism, and a functional neuroimaging study of normal adults. British Journal of Psychiatry, 165, 640-649.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Cox, A, Baird, G, Swettenham, J, Drew, A, Nightingale, N, Morgan, K, & Charman, T, (1996) Psychological markers of autism at 18 months of age in a large population. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 158-163.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Jolliffe, T, Mortimore, C, & Robertson, M (1997) Another advanced test of theory of mind: evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or Asperger Syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 813-822.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Wheelwright, S, Stott, C, Bolton, P, & Goodyer, I, (1997) Is there a link between engineering and autism? Autism, 1, 101-108.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Ring, H, Wheelwright, S, Bullmore, E, Brammer, M, Simmons, A, & Williams, S, (1999) Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study. European Journal of Neuroscience, 11, 1891-1898.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Ring, H, Bullmore, E, Wheelwright, S, Ashwin, C, & Williams, S, (2000) The amygdala theory of autism. Neuroscience and Behavioural Reviews, 24, 355-364.
- Connellan, J, Baron-Cohen, S, Wheelwright, S, Ba’tki, A, & Ahluwalia, J, (2000) Sex differences in human neonatal social perception. Infant Behavior and Development, 23, 113-118.
- Baron-Cohen, S, & Wheelwright, S, Skinner, R, Martin, J, & Clubley, E, (2001) The Autism-Spectrum Quotient: Evidence from Asperger Syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists, and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 5-17.
- Baron-Cohen, S, (2002) The extreme male brain theory of autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6, 248-254.
- Lutchmaya, S, Baron-Cohen, S, & Raggatt, P, (2002) Foetal testosterone and eye contact in 12-month-old infants. Infant Behaviour and Development, 25, 327-335.
- Nunn, J, Gregory, L, Morris, R, Brammer, M, Bullmore, E, Harrison, J, Williams, S, Baron-Cohen, S, and Gray, J, (2002) Functional magnetic resonance imaging of synaesthesia: activation of colour vision area V4/V8 by spoken words. Nature Neuroscience, 5, 371-375.
- Baron-Cohen, S, & Wheelwright, S, (2004) The Empathy Quotient (EQ). An investigation of adults with Asperger Syndrome or High Functioning Autism, and normal sex differences. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 163-175.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Knickmeyer, R, & Belmonte, M (2005) Sex differences in the brain: implications for explaining autism. Science, 310, 819-823.
- Chapman, E, Baron-Cohen, S, Auyeung, B, Knickmeyer, R, Taylor, K & Hackett, G (2006) Foetal testosterone and empathy: evidence from the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the ‘Reading the Mind in the Eyes’ Test’. Social Neuroscience, 1, 135-148.
- Auyeung, B, Baron-Cohen, S, Chapman, E, Knickmeyer, R, Taylor, K & Hackett, G, (2009) Foetal testosterone and autistic traits. British Journal of Psychology, 100, 1-22.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Scott, F, J, Allison, C, Williams, J, Bolton, P, Matthews, F, E, & Brayne, C, (2009) Autism Spectrum Prevalence: a school-based U.K. population study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 194, 500-509.
- Chakrabarti, B, Dudridge, F, Kent, L, Wheelwright, S, Hill-Cawthorne, G, Allison, C, Banerjee-Basu, S, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2009) Genes related to sex-steroids, neural growth and social-emotional behaviour are associated with autistic traits, empathy and Asperger Syndrome. Autism Research, 2, 157-177.
- Asher, J, Lamb, J, A, Brocklebank, D, Cazier, J-B, Maestrini, E, Addis, L, Sen, M, Baron-Cohen, S, & Monaco, A, P, (2009) A whole-genome scan and fine-mapping linkage study of autidory-visual synthethesia reveals evidence of linkage to chromosomes 2q24, 5q33, 6p12 and 12p12. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 84, 279-285.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Golan, O, & Ashwin, E, (2009) Can emotion recognition be taught to children with autism spectrum conditions? Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, Special Issue, 364, 3567-3574.
- Auyeung, B, Taylor, K, Hackett, G, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2010) Fetal testosterone and autistic traits in 18 to 24-month-old children, Molecular Autism, 1:11.
- Chura, L, Lombardo, M, Ashwin, E, Auyeung, B, Chakrabarti, B, Bullmore, E, T, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2010) Organizational effects of fetal testosterone on human corpus callosum size and asymmetry. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, 122-132.
- Golan, O, Baron-Cohen, S, Ashwin, E, Granader, Y, McClintock, S, Day, K, & Leggett, V, (2010) Enhancing emotion recognition in children with autism spectrum conditions: an intervention using animated vehicles with real emotional faces. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 269-279.
- Lombardo, M, Chakrabarti, B, Bullmore, E, Sadek, S, Pasco, G, Wheelwright, S, Suckling, J, MRC AIMS Consortium & Baron-Cohen, S, (2010) Atypical neural self-representation in autism. Brain, 133, 611-624.
- Lombardo, M, Chakrabarti, B, Bullmore, E, & Wheelwright, S, Sadek, S, Suckling, J, MRC AIMS Consortium & Baron-Cohen, S, (2010) Shared neural circuits for mentalizing about the self and others. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 277, 1623-1635.
- Wheelwright, S, Auyeung, B, Allison, C, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2010) Defining the broader, medium and narrow autism phenotype among parents using the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ). Molecular Autism,1, 10.
- Lombardo, M, Chakrabarti; B, Bullmore, E, MRC AIMS Consortium and Baron-Cohen, S, (2011). Specialization of right temporo-parietal junction for mentalizing and its relation to social impairments in autism. NeuroImage 2011 Feb 26 [Epub ahead of print].
- Baron-Cohen, S, Lombardo, M, Auyeung, B, Ashwin, E, Chakrabarti, B, & Knickmeyer, R, (2011) Why are Autism Spectrum Conditions more prevalent in males? Public Library of Science Biology. 9, 1-10 And Supplementary Material to ‘Why are autism spectrum conditions more prevalent in males?’.
- Allison, C, Auyeung, B, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Towards brief "Red Flags" for autism screening: the short Autism Spectrum Quotient and the short Quantitative Checklist for Autism in Toddlers in 1000 cases and 3000 controls. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(2): 202-212.
- Auyeung, B, Allison, C, Wheelwright, S, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Brief Report: Development of the Adolescent Empathy and Systemizing Quotients. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 42(10): 2225-2235.
- Auyeung, B, Ahluwalia, J, Thompson, L, Taylor, K, Hackett, G, O’Donnell, Baron-Cohen, S (2012) Prenatal versus postnatal sex steroid hormone effects on autistic traits in children at 18-24 months of age. Molecular Autism, 3(1):17.
- Auyeung, B, Ashwin, E, Knickmeyer, R, Taylor, K, Hackett, G, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Effects of Fetal Testosterone on Visiospatial Ability. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 41(3): 571-81.
- Barnes, J, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) The Big Picture: Storytelling in adults with Autism Spectrum Conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(8): 1557-65.
- Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Autism and the Technical Mind. Scientific American, 307(5): 72-7.
- Baron-Cohen, S, Golan, O, & Ashwin, E, (2012) Teaching emotion recognition to children with autism spectrum conditions. British Journal of Educational Psychology Monograph Series II, 8, 115-117.
- Beacher, F, Minati, L, Baron-Cohen, S, Lombardo, M, Lai, M, Gray, M, Harrison, N, & Critchley, H, (2012) Autism attenuates sex differences in brain structure: a combined voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 33(1): 83-9.
- Beacher, F.D, Radulescu, E, Minati L, Baron-Cohen, S, Lombardo, M.V., Lai MC, Walker, A, Howard, D, Gray, M.A, Harrison, N.A, Critchley, H.D. (2012) Sex differences and autism: Brain function during verbal fluency and mental rotation. PLoS One, 7(6): e3855.
- Bedford, R, Elsabbagh, M, Gliga, T, Pickles, A, Senju, A, Charman, T, Johnson, M H and the BASIS team (2012). Precursors to Social and Communication Difficulties in Infants At-Risk for Autism: Gaze Following and Attentional Engagement. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(10): 2208-2218.
- Bethlehem, R.A.I, van Honk, J, Auyeung, B, Baron-Cohen, S (2012) Oxytocin, brain physiology and functional connectivity: a review of intranasal oxytocin fMRI studies. Psychoneuroendocrinology.
- Christakou, A, Murphy, CM, Chantiluke, K, Cubillo, AI, Smith, AB, Giampietro, V, Daly, E, Ecker, C, Robertson, D, MRC AIMS consortium, Murphy, D, & Rubia, K. (2012) Disorder-specific functional abnormalities during sustained attention in youth with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and with Autism. Molecular Psychiatry, 18(2):236-44.
- Churches, O, Baron-Cohen, S, & Ring, H, (2012) Psychophysiology of narrower face processing in Autism Spectrum Conditions. NeuroReport. 23(6): 395-99.
- Churches, O, Damiano, C, Baron-Cohen, S, Ring, H, (2012) Getting to know you: The acquisition of new face representations in Autism Spectrum Conditions. NeuroReport. 23(11): 668-72.
- Ecker, C, Suckling, J, Deoni, S.C, Lombardo, M.V, Bullmore, E.T, Baron-Cohen, S, Catani, M, Jezzard, P, Barnes, A, Bailey, A.J, Williams, S.C, Murphy, D.G, & the AIMS Consortium, (2012) Brain anatomy and its relationship to behavior in adults with autism spectrum disorder: A multi-centre MRI study. Archives of General Psychiatry. 69(2):195-209.
- Elsabbagh, M, Mercure, E, Hudry, K, Chandler, S, Pasco, G, Charman, T, Pickles, A, Baron-Cohen, S, Bolton, P, Johnson, M, & the BASIS Team, (2012) Infant neural sensitivity to dynamic eye gaze is associated with later emerging autism. Current Biology, 22(4): 338-42.
- Floris, D, Chura, L, Holt, R, Suckling, J, Baron-Cohen, S, & Spencer, M (2012) Psychological correlates of handedness and corpus callosum asymmetry in autism: the left hemisphere dysfunction theory revisited. Journal of Autism and Development Disorders.
- Gliga T, Elsabbagh M, Hudry K, Charman T, Johnson M.H., Baron-Cohen S, Bedford R, Bolton P, Chandler S, Clifford S, Fernandes S, Leonard H, Tucker L (2012) Gaze following, gaze reading, and word learning in children at risk for autism. Child Development, 83(3): 926-38.
- Guiraud JA, Tomalski P, Kushnerenko E, Ribeiro H, Davies K, Charman T, Elsabbagh M, Johnson MH; BASIS Team (2012) Atypical audiovisual speech integration in infants at risk for autism. PLoS One. 7 (5): e36428.
- Jones, R, Wheelwright, S, Farrell, K, Martin, E, Green, R, Di Ceglie, D, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Brief Report: Female-To-Male Transsexual People and Autistic Traits. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(2): 301-6.
- Hastwell, J, Martin, N, Baron-Cohen, S, Harding, J, (2012) Giving Cambridge University students with Asperger Syndrome a voice: a qualitative, interview-based study towards developing a model of best practice. Good Autism Practice, 13(1), 56-63.
- Khan, N.Z, Gallo, L.A, Arghir, A, Budisteanu, B, Budisteanu M, Dobrescu, I, Donald, K, El-Tabari, S, Hoogenhout, M, Kalambayi, F, Kawa, R, Espinoza, I.L, Lowenthal, R, Malcolm-Smith, S, Montiel-Nava, C, Odeh, J, de Paula, C.S, Rad, F, Tarpan, A.K, Thomas, K.G, Wang, C, Patel, V, Baron-Cohen, S, Elsabbagh, M, (2012) Autism and the grand challenges in global mental health. Autism Research, 5(3): 156-159.
- Lai, M, Lombardo, M, Chakrabarti, B, Ecker, C, Sadek, S, Wheelwright, S, Murphy, D, Suckling, J, Bullmore, E, MRC AIMS Consortium, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Individual differences in brain structure underpin empathizing-systemizing cognitive styles in male adults. NeuroImage. 61(4): 1347-1354.
- Lai, M, Lombardo, M, Ruigrok, A, Wheelwright, S, Chakrabarti, B, Auyeung, B, Allison, C, MRC AIMS Consortium, & Baron-Cohen, S (2012) Cognition in males and females with autism: Similarities and differences. PLoS One,7(10):e47198.
- Langen, M, Leemans, A, Johnston, P, Ecker, C, Daly, E, Murphy, C, dell’Acqua, F, Durston, S, the AIMS Consortium, & Murphy, D, (2012) Fronto-striatal circuitry and inhibitory control in autism: Findings from diffusion tensor imaging tractography. Cortex. 48(2): 183-193.
- Lau, Y, Hinkley, L, Bukshpun, P, Strominger, Z, Wakahiro, M, Baron-Cohen, S, Allison, C, Auyeung, B, Jeremy, R, Nagarajan, S, Sherr, E, & Marco, E. (2012) Autism traits in individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
- Lombardo, M, Ashwin, E, Auyeung, B, Chakrabarti, Taylor, K, Hackett, G, Bullmore, E, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Fetal testosterone influences sexually dimorphic gray matter in the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience, 32(2): 674-80.
- Lombardo, M, Ashwin, E, Auyeung, B, Chakrabarti, Lai, M, Taylor, K, Hackett, G, Bullmore, E, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Fetal programming effects of testosterone on the reward system and behavioral approach tendencies in humans. Biological Psychiatry, 72(10): 839-47.
- Lombardo, M, Chakrabarti, B, Lai, M, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen, S (2012) Self-referential and social cognition in a case of autism and agenesis of the corpus callosum, Molecular Autism, 3(1):14.
- Parner, E.T, Baron-Cohen S, Lauritsen, M.B., Jørgensen, M, Schieve, L.A, Yeargin-Allsopp, M, Obel, C, (2012) Parental age and autism spectrum disorders. Annals of Epidemiology, 22(3):143-50.
- Pilling, S, Baron-Cohen, S, Megnin-Viggars, O, Lee, R, Taylor, C, Guideline Development Group (2012) Recognition, referral, diagnosis and management of adults with autism: Summary of NICE Guidance. British Medical Journal, 345(7865): 43-45.
- Ramsey, J.M, Schwarz, E, Guest, P.C, van Beveren N.J, Leweke, F.M, Rothermundt, M, Bogerts, B, Steiner, J, Ruta, L, Baron-Cohen, S, Bahn, S (2012) Molecular Sex Differences in Human Serum, PLoS One, 7(12):e51504.
- Robertson, C, Martin, A, Baron-Cohen, S, Baker, C, (2012) Atypical integration of motion signals in Autism Spectrum Conditions, PLoS One, 7(11):e48173.
- Roelfsema, M, Hoekstra, R, Allison, C, Wheelwright, S, Brayne, C, Matthews, F, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Are Autism Spectrum Conditions more prevalent in an information-technology region? A school based study of three regions in the Netherlands. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(5): 734-9.
- Ruta, L, Mazzone, L, Mazzone, D, Wheelwright, S, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) The Autism-Spectrum Quotient - Italian version: A cross-cultural confirmation of the Broader Autism Phenotype. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(4): 625-33.
- Schwarz, E, Guest, P, Rahmoune, H, Harris, L, Wang, L, Leweke, F, Rothermundt, M, Bogerts, B, Koethe, D, Kranaster, L, Ohrmann, P, Suslow, T, McAllister, G, Spain, M, Barnes, A, van Beveren, N, Baron-Cohen, S, Steiner, J, Torrey, F., Yolken, R. & Bahn, S. (2012) Identification of a biological signature for schizophrenia in serum. Molecular Psychiatry, 17(5): 494-502.
- Spencer, M, Chura, L, Holt, R, Suckling, J, Calder, A, Bullmore, E, Baron-Cohn, S (2012) Failure to deactivate the default mode network indicates a possible endophenotype of autism. Molecular Autism, 3(1):15.
- Spencer, M.D, Holt, R.J, Chura, L.R, Calder, A.J, Suckling, J, Bullmore, E.T, Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Atypical activation during the Embedded Figures Task as a functional magnetic resonance imaging endophenotype of autism. Brain, 135(Pt 11):3469-3480.
- Stahl D, Pickles A, Elsabbagh M, Johnson M.H, BASIS Team, (2012) Novel machine learning methods for ERP analysis: a validation from research on infants at risk for autism. Developmental Neuropsychology, 37 (3): 274-98.
- Sundram, F, Deeley, Q, Sarkar, S, Daly, E, Latham, R, Craig, M, Raczek, M, Fahy, T, Picchioni, M, Barker, G.J, Murphy, D.G.M, Bailey, A.J, Baron-Cohen, S, Bolton, P.F, Bullmore, E.T, Carrington, S, Chakrabarti, B, Daly, E.M, Deoni, S.C, Ecker, C, Happe, F, Henty, J, Jezzard, P, Johnston, P, Jones, D.K, Lai, M-C, Lombardo, M.V, Madden, A, Mullins, D, Murphy, C.M, Pasco, G, Sadek, S, Spain, D, Steward, R, Suckling, J, Wheelwright, S, Williams, S.C (2012) White matter microstructural abnormalities in the frontal lobe of adults with antisocial personality disorder. Cortex, 48 (2): 216-229.
- Tavassoli, T, & Baron-Cohen, S, (2012) Olfactory Detection Thresholds and Adaptation in Adults with Autism Spectrum Condition. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 42(6): 905-09.
- Tavassoli, T, Miller, L, Schoen, S, Nielsen, D, Baron-Cohen, (2012) Sensory Over-Responsitivity in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Autism.
- Tavassoli, T, & Baron-Cohen, S (2012) Taste identification thresholds in adults with Autism Spectrum Conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, (7) 1419-24.
- Tavassoli, T, Auyeung, B, Murphy, L, Baron-Cohen, S, Chakrabarti, B, (2012) Variation in the autism candidate gene GABRB3 modulates tactile sensitivity in typically developing children. Molecular Autism. 3 (1): 6.
- Vellante, M, Baron-Cohen, S, Melis, M, Marrone, M, Petretto D.R, Masala, C, Preti A, (2012) The “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” test: Systematic review of psychometric properties and a validation study in Italy. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry,
- von dem Hagen, E, Stoyanova, R, Baron-Cohen, S, & Calder, A, (2012) Reduced functional connectivity within and between 'social' resting state networks in Autism Spectrum Conditions. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.
- Wakabayashi, A, Baron-Cohen, S, & Ashwin, C, (2012) Do autism traits overlap with the traits of schizophrenia or obsessive-compulsive disorder in the general population? Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6 (2): 717-725.
See also 
- "Seven Cambridge academics elected as Fellows of The British Academy". Cambridge University. 2009-07-17. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
- ARC people: Professor Simon Baron-Cohen, Director Autism Research Centre. Retrieved on 2008-02-16
- Baron-Cohen S, Leslie AM, Frith U (1985). "Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'?" (PDF). Cognition 21 (1): 37–46. doi:10.1016/0010-0277(85)90022-8. PMID 2934210. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- CHAT - The Checklist for Autism In Toddlers. University of Washington. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.
- Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Bullmore ET, Sadek SA, Pasco G, Wheelwright SJ, Suckling J, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S. Atypical neural self-representation in autism. Brain. 2010;133(2):611–624. doi:10.1093/brain/awp306. PMID 20008375.
- Lombardo MV, Chakrabarti B, Bullmore ET, MRC AIMS Consortium, Baron-Cohen S. Specialization of right temporo-parietal junction for mentalizing and its relation to social impairments in autism. Neuroimage. 2011;56(3):1832–1838. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.02.067. PMID 21356316.
- Mind Reading. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.
- Home page. The Transporters. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.
- Molecular Autism
- Radio 3: "Private Passions".
- Autism's Lone Wolf, TIME Magazine (August 29th, 2011)
- Biography for Simon Baron-Cohen at the Internet Movie Database
- "Time Out with Nick Cohen". New Statesman. 26 February 2007. Retrieved 2010-11-01.
- Maia Szalavitz (May 30th, 2011). Q&A: Psychologist Simon Baron-Cohen on Empathy and the Science of Evil. Time Magazine.
- They just can't help it, Simon Baron-Cohen, The Guardian (17 April 2003)
- The Male Condition, Simon Baron-Cohen, The New York Times Op-Ed Section, (8 August 2005)
- The Assortative Mating Theory: A Talk with Simon Baron-Cohen, Edge Foundation discussion, 2005
- Autism Research Centre - ARC people : Simon Baron-Cohen
- The Short Life of a Diagnosis Simon Baron-Cohen, The New York Times Op-Ed Section, (November 9, 2009)
- Why a lack of empathy is the root of all evil, Clint Witchalls, The Independent Featured Book Review in Health and Families Section, (5 April 2011)
- The Science of Evil: On Empathy and the Origins of Cruelty, Simon Baron-Cohen, (The Montréal Review, October, 2011)