Simon Fraser (Australian politician)
|Sir Simon Fraser|
|Senator for Victoria|
29 March 1901 – 30 June 1913
21 August 1832|
Pictou, Nova Scotia, Canada
|Died||30 July 1919
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
|Political party||Protectionist (1901–06)
|Spouse(s)||Margaret Bolger (1865–80)
Anne Collins (1885–1919)
|Relations||Malcolm Fraser (grandson)|
|Children||2 daughter, 3 sons|
Sir Simon Fraser, Sr. (21 August 1832 – 30 July 1919) was an Australian politician, who was a member of the Australian Senate and the grandfather of Malcolm Fraser, Prime Minister of Australia from 1975 to 1983.
Fraser was born in Pictou, Nova Scotia, Canada, the son of a Scottish timber miller and farmer. When he was 21, in 1852, he emigrated to the goldfields of Victoria in search of his fortune. After a time prospecting in Bendigo, he became a contractor, soon moving into railways and becoming, by the 1870s, a wealthy man.
Political and professional career
One of his more notable contracts was to supply ballast to the Deniliquin and Moama Railway Company, a privately owned railway which connected Moama on the Murray River to Deniliquin in southern New South Wales. Instead of supplying blue metal, Fraser supplied quartz from the slag heaps of Bendigo gold mines. It met the specifications of the contract, but was not what was expected by the owners of the railway.
Fraser bought extensive estates in the Western District of Victoria and became a leader of the wealthy wool-growing class known as squatters. He was elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly for the seat of Rodney in 1876, which he held until 1883. In 1886 he was elected to the Victorian Legislative Council, the traditional preserve of the squatters, representing South Yarra Province, and remained a member until 1901. He was a Minister without Portfolio from 1890 to 1892. He was a Victorian delegate to the 1894 Colonial Conference in Ottawa, and a member of the Constitutional Convention which drafted the Australian Constitution.
In 1901, following the federation of the Australian colonies, Fraser was elected as one of the first six Victorian members of the Australian Senate, remaining a senator until his retirement in 1913. When elected he was a supporter of prime minister Edmund Barton's Protectionist Party, but he was not favourable to Barton's more liberal successor, Alfred Deakin, and sat as an independent conservative until 1909, when he joined Deakin's new Commonwealth Liberal Party, although belonging to its conservative wing. He was awarded a knighthood in 1918, becoming Sir Simon Fraser.
Personal life and death
Fraser married Margaret Bolger in 1862 and had two daughters. Following her death in 1880, he married Anne Collins in 1885 and had three sons with her. One of these, (John) Neville Fraser, inherited Simon Fraser's property at Balpool in the Riverina district of New South Wales, where the Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser grew up. Another son, Simon, was a champion footballer and rowed for Australia in the 1912 Stockholm Olympics. Simon died just two months before his father, aged 32.
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