Simon Gillis (Simon Peter Gillis; April 6, 1875 – January 14, 1964) was an American track and field athlete, a member of the New York Athletic Club, and the New York City Police Department. He was one of a group of athletes known as the Irish Whales and frequently kept company with members of the Irish American Athletic Club. He competed in weight throwing events in the 1904 Summer Olympics, 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
In 1904, Gillis accidentally killed a boy when he was practicing his hammer throw in a vacant lot in Harlem. Gillis was practicing with a 16 pound hammer in a vacant lot on Park Avenue between 134th and 135th street on September 30, 1904, and "just as he had let the 16 pound hammer go for an extra long throw, Christian Koehler, a fourteen-year old boy, climbed the fence in pursuit of a baseball. Gillis and several boys shouted a warning, but Koehler did not hear. The hammer struck him in the head and he was instantly killed." Gillis, who was a big, good-natured fellow, was said to be "...heartbroken over the affair."
In 1908 he finished seventh in the hammer throw event. He also participated in the discus throw event but his result is unknown. Prior to the 1908 Summer Olympic Games, Gillis won the English amateur championship with the 16 lb. hammer with a throw of 164 feet 5 inches.
Four years later he competed in the 1912 Olympic hammer throw contest but was not able to set a mark.
Though a carpenter by trade, after the 1908 Olympics he joined the New York City police force. He later took a contracting job in Spain, and spent a few years working in Europe. On his return to New York he worked for Thomas Edison creating screen titles for silent movies, and even made a few film appearances. He then headed West, eventually settling in Phoenix where he and his wife Bridget ran a rooming house during the Depression. Gillis ended his working life building smokestacks for smelting metal.
- Samantha Storey (July 26, 2012). "Unusual Burden for Early Olympian". The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- "Boy Killed by Hammer Throw at Practice; Climbed Fence as Champion Gillis Made Long Throw." New York Times, Oct. 1, 1904.
Simon Peter Gillis was actually born on April 5, 1875 to Allen Gillis, a farmer of South West Margaree in Inverness County, Cape Breton Island. This date of birth with his father's information may be found in the Register of Births for Nova Scotia, Year: 1875 - Book: 1815 - Page: 10 - Number: 204 on the website for the Nova Scotia Archives.
- 1910 Mecca Cigarettes Champion Athlete and Prize Fighter Series trading card.