Simon Goulart (20 October 1543–3 February 1628) was a French Reformed theologian, humanist and poet.
He was born at Senlis in northern France. He first studied law, then adopted the Reformed faith and became one of the pastors at Geneva in Switzerland (1566). He was called to Antwerp, to Orange, to Montpellier and to Nîmes as minister, and to Lausanne as professor; but remained at Geneva.
In 1595 he preached aggressively against Gabrielle d'Estrées, the favorite of Henry IV of France. He was put in prison by order of the Council of Geneva; after eight days he was released, although the French ambassador had demanded a more severe punishment.
He died at Geneva.
He wrote a number of books on history and theology. He made additions to Jean Crespin's Histoire des Martyrs (Geneva, 1608); he wrote also Recueil contenant les choses les plus mémorables advenues sous la Ligue (6 vols., 1590–99), and Recueil des choses mémorables sous le régne de Henri IV (1598).
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Jackson, Samuel Macauley, ed. (1914). "Goulart, Simon". New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls.
|President of the Genevan Company of Pastors
|Office abolished, replaced by weekly rotating presidency|