|Born||Simon James Holliday Gray
21 October 1936
Hayling Island, Hampshire, England
|Died||7 August 2008
|Occupation||Playwright, screenwriter, memoirist, novelist
|Alma mater||Dalhousie University (B.A., 1957) and Trinity College, Cambridge (B.A., 1961)|
|Genres||Drama, screenplay, memoir, novel|
|Notable work(s)||Butley, Quartermaine's Terms, Otherwise Engaged, The Smoking Diaries|
|Spouse(s)||Beryl Kevern Gray (1965–1997)
Victoria Katherine Rothschild Gray (1997–2008)
Simon James Holliday Gray, CBE (21 October 1936 – 7 August 2008) was an English playwright and memoirist who also had a career as a university lecturer in English literature at Queen Mary, University of London, for 20 years. While teaching at Queen Mary, Gray began his writing career as a novelist in 1963 and, during the next 45 years, in addition to 5 published novels, wrote 40 original stage plays, screenplays, and screen adaptations of his own and others' works for stage, film, and television and became well known for the self-deprecating wit characteristic of several volumes of memoirs or diaries.
Simon James Holliday Gray was born on 21 October 1936 on Hayling Island, in Hampshire, England, where his father, James, a G.P. who became a pathologist later, worked. In 1939, during World War II, when he was three years old, he was evacuated to Montreal, Canada, to live in "a house where his grandfather and [his grandfather's] alcoholic wife were attended upon by a younger aunt"; in 1945, when he was nearly 10, he returned to England, where he was educated at Westminster School, in London. In 1957, he received a B.A. from Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia; and, in 1961, another B.A. from Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1965, he was appointed a lecturer in English at Queen Mary College, London.
He married his first wife, Beryl Kevern, in 1965; they had two children, a son, Benjamin, and a daughter, Lucy, and were divorced in 1997. During their marriage, he had an eight-year affair with another Queen Mary lecturer, Victoria Katherine Rothschild (b. 1953), a daughter of Sir Nathaniel Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild; in 1997, after his divorce, they married, living together in west London, until his death on 6 August 2008.
When he was still in his 20s, he began his writing career as a novelist with Colmain, published by Faber and Faber in 1963. His career in drama began when he adapted one of his own short stories, The Caramel Crisis, for television. He subsequently wrote a number of plays for, amongst others, The Wednesday Play and Play for Today BBC anthology series, frequently in collaboration with the producer Kenith Trodd. Gray wrote 40 plays and screenplays for the stage, television, and film and 8 volumes of memoirs based on his diaries.
Wise Child, an adaptation of a TV play deemed too shocking for the small screen, was his first stage play. It starred Simon Ward and Alec Guinness and was produced by Michael Codron at Wyndham's Theatre in 1967. Subsequently, he wrote original plays for both radio and television and adaptations, including: an TV adaptation of The Rector’s Daughter, by F. M. Mayor; stage adaptations of Tartuffe and The Idiot. His original television screenplays include Running Late, After Pilkington, Unnatural Pursuits, and A Month in the Country. His 1971 play Butley, produced by Codron, began a long creative partnership with Harold Pinter as director (of both the play and the film versions) and continued the partnership with the actor Alan Bates begun with Gray's 1967 television play Death of a Teddy Bear; Bates starred in 11 of Gray's works, while Pinter directed 10 separate productions of Gray's works for stage, film, and television, beginning with Butley; the last one was a stage production of The Old Masters, starring Peter Bowles and Edward Fox.
As with Butley (1971) and Otherwise Engaged (1975), whose London productions and films both starred Bates, and Quartermaine's Terms (1981), starring Fox, Gray "often returned to the subject of the lives and trials of educated intellectuals."
He wrote many other successful stage plays, including The Common Pursuit, The Late Middle Classes, Hidden Laughter, Japes, Close of Play, The Rear Column, and Little Nell, several of which he directed himself.
In 1984, at the suggestion of Robert McCrum, Faber editor-in-chief at that time, he kept a diary of the London premiere of The Common Pursuit (directed by Pinter at the Lyric Hammersmith), resulting in the first of his 8 volumes of theatre-related and personal memoirs, An Unnatural Pursuit (Faber 1985), and culminating in the critically acclaimed trilogy entitled The Smoking Diaries (Granta, 2004–2008).
Gray's play about George Blake, Cell Mates (1995), starring Rik Mayall, Stephen Fry and Simon Ward, attracted media attention when Stephen Fry abruptly "fled to Bruges" after the third performance, thus leaving the show without its lead actor. Gray subsequently wrote his theatrical memoir Fat Chance, providing a scathingly hilarious account of the episode.
Gray's final volume of diaries, Coda, "so named because it rounds off the trilogy of 'Smoking Diaries' (The Smoking Diaries, The Year of the Jouncer and The Last Cigarette) … a meditation on death, or rather dying, an account of living on borrowed time," was published posthumously by Faber and Faber and Granta in November 2008. From 8 to 12 December 2008, in five 15-minute episodes, actor Toby Stephens read from this "candid and darkly comic account of coming to terms with terminal cancer" for BBC Radio 4's Book of the Week.
Simon Gray: A Celebration, directed by Harry Burton, who directed Gray's last stage production in Spring 2008 (Quartermaine's Terms at Theatre Royal, Windsor), was held at the Comedy Theatre, in London, on 15 March 2009.
A production entitled The Last Cigarette, based on Gray's and Hugh Whitemore's adaptation of the three volumes of his memoirs called The Smoking Diaries and directed by Richard Eyre, is being staged at the Minerva Theatre, Chichester, England, through 11 April 2009. On 28 April 2009, after previewing from 21 April, the production, in which Felicity Kendal, Nicholas Le Prevost, and Jasper Britton all continue to "portray the playwright through the course of the play," transfers to the Trafalgar Studios, in London's West End, where it runs through 1 August 2009.
An official web site was launched in October 2009.
The Late Middle Classes finally received its London premiere on 27 May 2010 at the Donmar Warehouse in London, directed by David Leveaux and starring Helen McCrory, Eleanor Bron, Peter Sullivan and Robert Glenister. The original production of the play, directed by Harold Pinter, was prevented from reaching its intended West End theatre by a musical about a boy band. Gray's experience of this production is the subject of his diary "Enter a Fox".
- Wise Child, Wyndham's Theatre (1967)
- Dutch Uncle, Aldwych Theatre (1969)
- The Idiot (adapted from Dostoyevsky), Old Vic (1970)
- Spoiled, Haymarket Theatre (February 1971)
- Butley, Criterion Theatre (1971)
- Otherwise Engaged, Queen's Theatre (1975)
- Dog Days, Oxford 1976; Eyre Methuen (1976) ISBN 0-413-37270-7
- Molly, stage adaptation of his television play Death of a Teddy Bear (1967), based on the Francis Rattenbury 1935 murder case, Comedy Theatre (1978)
- The Rear Column, The Globe Theatre (1978); Eyre Methuen (1978) ISBN 0-413-39170-1
- Close of Play, National Theatre Lyttelton (1979)
- Stage Struck, Vaudeville Theatre (1979)
- Quartermaine's Terms, Queen's Theatre (1981)
- Tartuffe (adaptation), Kennedy Center, Washington, D.C. (1982)
- The Common Pursuit, Lyric Hammersmith (1984)
- Melon (later revised as The Holy Terror), Theatre Royal Haymarket (1987)
- Hidden Laughter, Vaudeville Theatre (1990)
- The Holy Terror, Temple of Arts Theater, Tucson, Arizona (1991)
- Cell Mates, Albery Theatre (1995)
- Simply Disconnected, sequel to Otherwise Engaged, Minerva Theatre, Chichester (1996)
- Life Support, Aldwych Theatre (1997)
- Just the Three of Us, Yvonne Arnaud Theatre (1997); Nick Hern Books (1999) ISBN 1-85459-434-6
- The Late Middle Classes, Watford Palace (1999)
- Japes, Peter Hall Company, Mercury Theatre, Colchester (2000) and Theatre Royal Haymarket (2001)
- Japes Too and Michael, published in Four Plays by Faber (2004) ISBN 0-571-21988-8
- The Pig Trade, published in Four Plays (2004)
- The Holy Terror (revival), Duke of York's Theatre (2004)
- The Old Masters featuring art critic Berenson and art dealer Duveen, Comedy Theatre (2004)
- Little Nell, BBC Radio 4 (2006); Theatre Royal, Bath (2007)
- Missing Dates, BBC Radio 4 (1 March 2008)
- Quartermaine's Terms (revival), Theatre Royal, Brighton, Theatre Royal. Bath and Wyndham's Theatre (2013)
- The Caramel Crisis (BBC, Thirty Minute Theatre, 25 April 1966)
- Death of a Teddy Bear, based on the Francis Rattenbury 1935 murder case (BBC, Wednesday Play, 15 February 1967)
- A Way with the Ladies (BBC, Wednesday Play, 10 May 1967)
- Sleeping Dogs (BBC, Wednesday Play, 11 October 1967)
- The Princess, adapted from a D. H. Lawrence short story (BBC, The Jazz Age, 1968)
- Spoiled (BBC, Wednesday Play 28 August 1968); Methuen Plays (1971) ISBN 0-416-18630-0
- Mother Love, adapted from W. Somerset Maugham (BBC, August 1969)
- Pig in a Poke (ITV, Saturday Night Theatre, March 1969)
- The Dirt on Lucy Lane (ITV, Saturday Night Theatre, April 1969)
- The Style of the Countess, adapted from the novel by Gavin Lambert (ITV, Playhouse, August 1970)
- Man in a Side-Car (BBC, Play for Today, May 1971)
- Plaintiffs and Defendants (BBC, October 1975)
- Two Sundays (BBC, October 1975)
- The Rear Column (BBC, 1980)
Films for television
- Quartermaine's Terms (BBC, 1987)
- After Pilkington (BBC, January 1987)
- Old Flames (BBC, 1990)
- They Never Slept (BBC, March 1991)
- The Common Pursuit (BBC, March 1992)
- Running Late (BBC, October 1992)
- Unnatural Pursuits (semi-autobiographical, two-part satire, BBC, December 1992)
- Femme Fatale (BBC, February 1993)
- Colmain, Faber (1963)
- Simple People, Faber (1965)
- A Comeback for Stark (writing as Hamish Reade), Putnam (1968), Faber (1969)
- Little Portia, Faber (1986) ISBN 0-571-14598-0
- Breaking Hearts, Faber (1997) ISBN 0-571-17238-5
- An Unnatural Pursuit and Other Pieces, Faber (1985) ISBN 0-571-13719-9
- How's that for Telling 'em, Fat Lady?, Faber (1988) ISBN 0-571-15139-6
- Fat Chance, Faber (1995) ISBN 0-571-17792-1
- Enter A Fox, Faber (2001) ISBN 0-571-20940-8
- The Smoking Diaries, Granta Books (2004) ISBN 1-86207-688-X
- The Year of the Jouncer, Granta Books (2006) ISBN 1-86207-896-3
- The Last Cigarette: Smoking Diaries Volume 3, Granta Books (2008) ISBN 1-84708-038-3
- Coda, Granta Books (2008) ISBN 1-84708-094-4
The Definitive Simon Gray. In 4 vols. London: Faber, 1992–1994.
- Vol. 1: Butley and Other Plays (1992). ISBN 0-571-16223-1.
- Vol. 2: Otherwise Engaged and Other Plays (1992). ISBN 0-571-16240-1.
- Vol. 3 (1993). ISBN 0-571-16453-6.
- Vol. 4 (1994). ISBN 0-571-16659-8.
Honours and awards
- 1967 Writer's Guild Award for Best Play, for Death of a Teddy Bear
- 1971 Evening Standard Award, for Butley
- 1975 Best Play, New York Drama Critics' Circle and Evening Standard Award, for Otherwise Engaged
- 1977 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Play (foreign), for Otherwise Engaged
- 1982 Cheltenham Literary Prize, for Quartermaine's Terms
- 1987 Prix Italia, for After Pilkington
- 1993 Golden Gate Award for a Television Feature, San Francisco International Film Festival, for Running Late
- 1999 Barclays Theatre Award for Best New Play, for The Late Middle Classes
- 2004 Appointed CBE for services to Drama and Literature
- Andrew Mortimer and Anthony Wilks, comp. "The Official Simon Gray Website: About" (Web). Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- Lynn Barber (2004-04-04). " 'I wrote a lot of my plays drunk. It liberated me' " (Web). Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2009-03-30. "Simon Gray is a prolific playwright who gets up at lunchtime; an ex alcoholic who refuses to stop smoking; a pessimist who has just published his very funny diaries. He talks about adultery, self-hate and drinking four bottles of champagne a day."
- Tony Gould (2008-08-10). "Appreciation: Simon Gray, 1936–2008: Smoker, Gambler, Teacher and Writer with an Enviable Gift for Friendship" (Web). Observer. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2009-03-30. "The playwright and diarist Simon Gray died on Wednesday. Here his close friend , the writer Tony Gould, remembers a man to whom literature was the stuff of life, while below other literary figures pay tribute to his memory."
- Michael Billington (2008-08-07). "Remembering Simon Gray" (Web). Guardian (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 2009-02-04.
- Bruce Weber (2008-08-08). "Simon Gray, Playwright, Dies at 71: Aimed Wit at Intellectuals, and Himself" (Web). New York Times, Obituary. New York Times Company. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
- Lyn Gardner (2008-08-07). "Obituary: Simon Gray: Playwright, Diarist and Novelist Who Bridged the Gulf between Intellectual and Popular Drama" (Web). The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 2009-03-29. (Gardner and other sources cite the date of Gray's death as 6 August 2008; some sources, including the obituary by Billington and the book rev. by Scurr, give the day of Gray's death as 7 August 2008.)
- Martin Scurr (2008-08-26). "Ask the Doctor: By the Way" (Web). Mail on Sunday, Health. Daily Mail and General Trust. Retrieved 2009-03-29. "... My friend and patient Simon Gray, the playwright, died on August 7. His most recent book, The Last Cigarette, is part of his memoirs, The Smoking Diaries."
- "Simon Gray: Rakish and Versatile Playwright" (Web). Times Online, Obituaries. News Corporation. 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
- "Simon Gray" (Web). Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- "Victoria Katherine Gray (née Rothschild)" (Web). National Portrait Gallery. npg.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-04-06. "Academic and lecturer; daughter of Sir Nathaniel Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild."
- Darryl Lundy, comp (2009-04-06). "Person Page - 19564: Victoria Katherine Rothschild Gray" (Web). The Peerage: A Genealogical Survey of the Peerage of Britain as well as the Royal Families of Europe. Darryl Lundy. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- Josa Young (2009-03-25). "The Late Great Simon Gray" (Web). The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Janice Turner (2008-04-24). "Simon Gray Has Lung Cancer, But Won't Stop Smoking" (Web). Times Online (News Corporation). Retrieved 2009-03-29. "There is a burning inevitability, of course, that a habit begun aged 7, pursued tirelessly, heroically even, through past health horrors including aneurysms and prostate cancer, peaking at 65 fags a day, would get him in the end."
- "Simon Gray" (Web). Contemporary Writers. British Council. 2007-08-30. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
- "Trodd, Kenith: British Producer" (Web). Museum of Broadcast Communications. museum.tv. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Karen Rappaport, comp. "The Alan Bates Archive: TV" (Web). Retrieved 2009-03-29. (Converted to a memorial site after death of Alan Bates.)
- "Stage, TV and Film Productions Directed by Harold Pinter" (Web). HaroldPinter.org. Harold Pinter. 2000–. Retrieved 2009-03-29. [dead link]
- Ian Jack. "In Memory of Simon Gray". Granta 103 (Autumn 2008). Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- "Fat Chance" (Web). The Complete Review. The Complete Review, © 2001-2006. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Henry Deedes (2008-07-30). "Pandora: Gray Goes On the Attack over Hytner's 'easy liberalism'" (Web). Independent. Independent News & Media. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Jonathan Sale (2008-11-26). "Coda, by Simon Gray: The Moving and Comic Final Memoir of a Writer at the Fag-end of His Life" (Web). Independent. Independent News & Media. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Tony Gould (2008-11-05). "Book Reviews: A Rich Harvest: CODA, Simon Gray" (Web). The Spectator Book Club. The Spectator (Press Holdings). Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- Simon Gray (8–12 Dec. 2008). "Coda". Book of the Week. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
- Harry Burton. "Quartermaine's Terms" (Web). Matahari Films (Simon Gray). Harry Burton. Retrieved 2009-03-29.[dead link]
- Harry Burton and Gavin Watson (March 2009). "Simon Gray Celebration Photos: Gavin Watson's photos taken at The Comedy Theatre, 15/3/09". Matahari Films. Harry Burton. Retrieved 2009-03-29.[dead link]
- Michael Billington (2009-03-18). "The Last Cigarette" (Web). Guardian, Stage, Theatre. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Susannah Clapp (2009-03-22). "An Elegy for Gray Runs Out of Puff" (Web). Observer. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
- Theo Bosanquet (2009-03-27). "Gray's Last Cigarette Transfers to Trafalgar, 28 Apr." (Web). What's On Stage. whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
- BWW News Desk (2009-03-31). "THE LAST CIGARETTE Moves to the West End 4/21–8/1" (Web). Broadway World. broadwayworld.com. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
- Josa Young (2009-03-25). "The Late Great Simon Gray" (Web). The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2009-03-29. According to Young, she learned from talking with actor and director Harry Burton that Simon Gray's widow, Victoria Gray, "was thinking of creating a website for her late husband, as an online resource for anyone interested in his work," and Young, who says she creates websites for magazines, "leapt at the chance. Can't think of anything nicer than working on a literary website for a change (instead of magazine ones, which is what I am doing at the moment)." Young recounts meeting with Victoria Gray to discuss details about creating such a website.
- Libby Purves (2010-06-02). "The Late Middle Classes" (Web). Times Online. News Corporation. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- "Simon Gray's Butley, American Express Films, 1974" (Web). HaroldPinter.org (Stage, TV and Film Productions Directed by Harold Pinter). Harold Pinter. 2000–2003. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- John Thaxter (2004-04-19). "The Holy Terror (review)". The Stage. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- Philip Fisher (2004). "The Old Masters (review)" (Web). British Theatre Guide. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- Allison Vale (2007). "Little Nell (review)" (Web). British Theatre Guide. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- "A Month in the Country: Screenplay" (Web). Please Save This Film. West•Bennett. 2007. Retrieved 2009-03-30. "We hope to locate a complete, undecayed print of A Month in the Country and to see the restored film released on high quality DVD (for both region 1 and region 2) in honor of its 20th anniversary."
- Jeremy Lewis (2004-04-18). "The Smoking Diaries (review)" (Web). Sunday Times. News Corporation. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- Phil Baker, et al. (2006-11-05). "Paperbacks: Fiction and Non-fiction: The Year of the Jouncer (review)" (Web). Sunday Times. News Corporation. Retrieved 2009-02-05. "Reviewed by Phil Baker, Nick Rennison, Emma Unsworth , Elizabeth Scott-Baumann and Ian Critchley."
- Lynne Truss (2008-04-13). "The Last Cigarette: The Smoking Diaries Volume 3 by Simon Gray" (Web). Sunday Times. News Corporation. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- Charles Spencer (2008-04-16). "Wafts of Candour from Simon Gray" (Web). Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- Excerpted in "Coda". Granta 103 (Autumn): 226–235. 2008.
- Articles and book reviews
Barber, Lynn. "'I wrote a lot of my plays drunk. It liberated me'." Guardian. Guardian Media Group, 4 Apr. 2004. Web. 30 Mar. 2009.
"Gray, Simon." Who's Who in the Theatre. 15th and 16th eds. London: Pitman, 1972 & 1977; 17th ed. London: Gale, 1981.
Scurr, Martin. "Ask the Doctor: By the Way". Mail on Sunday, Health. Daily Mail and General Trust, 26 Aug. 2008. Web. 29 Mar. 2009. (" ... My friend and patient Simon Gray, the playwright, died on August 7. His most recent book, The Last Cigarette, is part of his memoirs, The Smoking Diaries." [Book rev.])
Fort, Viola. "Simon Gray". Untitled Books. UntitledBooks.com, 6 June 2008. Web. 29 Mar. 2009. ("His reflective, moving and often very funny memoirs have brought Simon Gray a whole new readership outside theatre circles. The third volume, The Last Cigarette, is a triumph. He tells Viola Fort how memory is an act of imagination.")
Hattenstone, Simon. "Interview: Simon Gray: The Butt-ends of His Days". Guardian. Guardian Media Group, 28 July 2007. Web. 30 Mar. 2009. ("His memoirs made him a poster boy for smoking, but at 70 playwright Simon Gray has finished the final volume and is finally cutting down, he tells Simon Hattenstone.")
- Obituaries and tributes
Alberge, Dalya. "Simon Gray, Self-Deprecating Writer and Smoker Dies". Times, Obituary. News Corporation, 8 Aug. 2008. Web. 29 Mar. 2009.
Gardner, Lyn. "Simon Gray: Playwright, Diarist and Novelist Who Bridged the Gulf between Intellectual and Popular Drama. The Guardian. Guardian Media Group, 7 Aug. 2008. Web. 29 Mar. 2009.
Gould, Tony. Appreciation: Simon Gray, 1936–2008: Smoker, Gambler, Teacher and Writer with an Enviable Gift for Friendship". Observer. Guardian Media Group, 10 Aug. 2008. Web. 30 Mar. 2009.
Strachan, Alan. "Simon Gray, Playwright, Novelist and Author of a Series of Hilarious Irascible Memoirs". Independent. Independent News & Media, 8 Aug. 2008. Web. 29 Mar. 2009.
Weber, Bruce. "Simon Gray, Playwright, Dies at 71: Aimed Wit at Intellectuals, and Himself". New York Times, Obituary. New York Times Company, 8 Aug. 2008. Web. 30 Mar. 2009.
- Performance reviews
Theatre Record and its annual Indexes.
- Simon Gray articles index in the Guardian.
- Simon Gray at the Internet Broadway Database
- Simon Gray at the Internet Movie Database