Simon Psellus

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Simon Psellus[1] (Greek: Σίμων ὁ Ψελλός, his epithet Ψελλός was his nickname[2] meaning in Greek: the stutter,[3] flourished 2nd century BC) was an ethnic Jew living in Jerusalem.

Simon’s ancestors were contemporary to the rule of the Ptolemaic dynasty and Seleucid dynasty over Judea. He was a wealthy man who served as a priest[4] in the Temple in Jerusalem. Simon belonged to the first of the twenty-four orders of Priests in the Temple in Jerusalem which was the priestly order of the Jehoiarib.[5] Simon was a contemporary to when the Hasmonean rulers, Simon Thassi (reigned 142 BC-135 BC) and his son John Hyrcanus I (reigned 134 BC-104 BC) ruled over Judea.[6][7]

Simon had nine children; among them was his son Matthias Ephlias.[8] Through his son, Simon was an ancestor of the Roman Jewish Historian of the 1st century, Flavius Josephus.[9] Josephus in his writings calls Simon the Patriarch of his family.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Josephus, Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary p.p.7-8
  2. ^ Josephus, Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary p.p.7-8
  3. ^ Fergus, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C. - A.D. 135) p.p.45-6
  4. ^ Fergus, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C. - A.D. 135) p.p.45-6
  5. ^ Fergus, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C. - A.D. 135) p.p.45-6
  6. ^ Fergus, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C. - A.D. 135) p.p.45-6
  7. ^ Josephus, Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary p.p.7-8
  8. ^ Fergus, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C. - A.D. 135) p.p.45-6
  9. ^ Josephus, Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary p.p.7-8
  10. ^ Josephus, Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary p.p.7-8

Sources[edit]

  • M. Fergus, S. Emil & V. Geza, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 BC. - AD. 135), Continuum International Publishing Group, 1973
  • F. Josephus & S. Mason, Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary, BRILL, 2001