Simplified Tamil script
Simplified Tamil script or Reformed Tamil script refers to several governmental reforms to the Tamil script.
In 1978, the Government of Tamil Nadu reformed certain syllables of the modern Tamil script with view to simplify the script. It aimed to standardise non-standard ligatures of ஆ, ஓ and ஐ syllables. These reforms only spread in India and the digital world, whereas Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, Reunion and other Tamil speaking regions continue to use the traditional syllables.
Furthermore, only 11 out of 13 of the proposed simplification were successful as people continued to use ஐ instead of the proposed அய் and ஔ instead of the proposed அவ்.
Periyar was the first post-independence politician to promulgate script reform. A Script Reform Committee was formed in 1947 under Periyar, while in 1951 the Government of Tamil Nadu accepted its recommendations, it failed to enforce them. He encouraged it on the basis that it allegedly eased learning and writing.
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